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World Trump lifts sanctions on Sudan as he announces deal between African nation and Israel

20:10  23 october  2020
20:10  23 october  2020 Source:   abcnews.go.com

Trump announces plans to remove Sudan from state sponsors of terrorism list

  Trump announces plans to remove Sudan from state sponsors of terrorism list President Donald Trump announced Monday that he intends to lift Sudan's state sponsor of terrorism designation -- news that comes as the transitional government in Khartoum could deliver him a diplomatic victory ahead of the US presidential election. © Alex Brandon/AP President Donald Trump speaks during a campaign rally at Muskegon County Airport, Saturday, Oct. 17, 2020, in Norton Shores, Mich.

President Donald Trump formally notified Congress on Friday that his administration will remove Sudan from the list of state sponsors of terrorism, nearly 30 years after the African country was first listed.

Steven Mnuchin, Donald Trump, Mike Pompeo, Jared Kushner standing around a table: President Donald Trump announces in the White House that Sudan will normalize relations with Israel on Oct. 23, 2020, in Washington. © Alex Edelman/AFP via Getty Images President Donald Trump announces in the White House that Sudan will normalize relations with Israel on Oct. 23, 2020, in Washington.

In a historic joint call afterwards, he also announced a "very special deal" between Israel and Sudan -- marking the third Arab country to move toward normalizing relations with the Jewish state in an election-season push by his administration.

Trump says he will remove Sudan from list of countries that sponsor terrorism

  Trump says he will remove Sudan from list of countries that sponsor terrorism President Trump announced that the United States will soon remove Sudan from its list of countries that sponsor terrorism, paving the way for further international collaboration. The move, announced Monday, comes after months of Sudanese officials negotiating the terms for the African country to be nixed from the list, which includes the likes of Iran, Syria, and North Korea. According to Trump, who announced the move via Twitter, removal from the list is contingent upon Sudan disbursing $335 million to U.S. families and victims of terrorism, specifically the 1998 al Qaeda bombings against U.S.

It's unclear if Sudan, which had pushed back on the White House efforts, is formally recognizing Israel or ending hostilities against it after decades of tensions.

a group of people standing around a table: President Donald Trump announces in the White House that Sudan will normalize relations with Israel on Oct. 23, 2020, in Washington. © Alex Edelman/AFP via Getty Images President Donald Trump announces in the White House that Sudan will normalize relations with Israel on Oct. 23, 2020, in Washington.

Either way, Friday's events mark a historic new chapter, 18 months after the Sudanese people overthrew their strongman leader in mass protests. Facing fuel and food shortages and sky-high inflation, Sudan is desperate for international assistance, humanitarian aid, and foreign investment, all of which have been stymied or outright blocked by U.S. sanctions.

Despite the advances, several critical hurdles remain, including for the U.S. victims of terror attacks who have legal claims against Sudan.

American terrorism victims reject Trump's Sudan deal

  American terrorism victims reject Trump's Sudan deal American victims of terrorism are rejecting President Trump's plan to have Sudan pay hundreds of millions of dollars to settle claims in exchange for dropping its designation as a state sponsor of terrorism.The majority of victims and the families of victims of the 1998 twin embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania and the majority of victims of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks say the Trump administration has isolated them and rejected their concerns in negotiations with Sudan. Trump on Monday announced that the U.S.

In an agreement reached between the State Department and Sudan's transitional government, the country agreed to pay $335 million to the victims of the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania, victims of the USS Cole attack, and the family of murdered USAID employee John Granville.

Donald Trump, Mike Pompeo, Robert C. O'Brien standing in a room: President Donald Trump speaks while on a phone call with leaders of Sudan and Israel in the Oval Office of the White House, Oct. 23, 2020, in Washington. © Alex Brandon/AP President Donald Trump speaks while on a phone call with leaders of Sudan and Israel in the Oval Office of the White House, Oct. 23, 2020, in Washington.

The White House confirmed Friday that those funds were now in escrow, triggering Trump's pending formal notification to Congress. But none of that money will be paid out until lawmakers resolve Sudan's "legal peace," and after a deal to do so fell apart last month, several sources warned there's no resolution in sight.

In the meantime, Trump celebrated the announcements Friday, by touting his deal-making abilities: "Do you think Sleepy Joe could have made this deal, Bibi?" he asked Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu over a speakerphone, referring to former Vice President Joe Biden the morning after their last debate.

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"There are many, many more coming," Trump added, after the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain announced normalized relations with Israel earlier this fall. Few in the Oval Office were wearing masks.

Sudan's prime minister Abdalla Hamdok had resisted relations with Israel, saying his transitional government did not have the authority to do so. Hamdok is the civilian leader, sharing power with Gen. Abdel Fattah al Burhan, chair of Sudan's Transitional Military Council, after the military ousted Omar al Bashir, a murderous dictator who led the country from 1989 to 2019. After mass demonstrations ousted Bashir, the military seized power, but later agreed to a transition to democracy because of continued demonstrations.

Trump's focus on Israel overshadowed the historic nature of the U.S. lifting its most stringent sanctions on Sudan, providing a renewed opportunity as the transitional government struggles to provide for the Sudanese people.

While the formal notification has not yet been delivered to Congress, it can now happen because Sudan transferred the $335 million for terror victims to a European bank, according to two sources.

Trump Says Israel and Sudan Have Reached Peace Accord, After UAE Deal

  Trump Says Israel and Sudan Have Reached Peace Accord, After UAE Deal President Donald Trump said Friday that Israel and Sudan have agreed to a peace deal, following on accords his administration helped negotiate between the Jewish state and the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain. © Photographer: Pool/Getty Images North America WASHINGTON, DC - AUGUST 20: U.S. President Donald Trump talks to reporters during a meeting with Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi in the Oval Office at the White House August 20, 2020 in Washington, DC.

But no victim will see a dime until legal peace is resolved, according to a congressional aide and a source briefed on the matter, and there's a clock ticking down because the money was loaned to Sudan from the African Export-Import Bank. If the money is not transferred within a certain time period, Sudan would face penalties and likely take the funds back.

Congress will have to resolve ongoing claims against Sudan in legislation that re-establishes its "legal peace" -- a legal term that means as a sovereign country, it cannot be sued.

Sudan's listing on the state sponsors of terrorism list waived that immunity, but before Congress returns it, some lawmakers have concerns about protecting ongoing litigation by victims of the Sept. 11 attacks, even though Sudan has not been found liable for those. An agreement to resolve those issues fell apart last month, sources told ABC News at the time.

Sources told ABC News this week that a deal to resolve the issue is taking shape in Congress.

Sudanese split over normalising relations with Israel .
Sudan's move to normalise relations with Israel has laid bare deep splits within society, with some bashing the deal as betrayal and others as a way to rescue the devastated economy. The move -- announced Friday -- came shortly after US President Donald Trump declared that Washington was formally moving to delist Sudan as a state sponsor of terrorism, a designation that strangled Khartoum's economy for decades. But the announcement revealed divisions between political forces in Sudan, currently undergoing a rocky transition since the April 2019 ouster of strongman Omar al-Bashir following mass protests against his three-decade rule.

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