World The massive protests in Nigeria, explained

12:05  26 october  2020
12:05  26 october  2020 Source:   washingtonpost.com

Nigeria's anti-police protesters storm prison, free inmates

  Nigeria's anti-police protesters storm prison, free inmates LAGOS, Nigeria (AP) — Nigeria's protests against police brutality turned violent Monday when a crowd stormed a prison and freed inmates in Benin City in southern Nigeria. Some prisoners jumped from a high fence of the institution while others were seen running away on the street, according to videos from the scene. Local media reports say as many as 200 prisoners may have escaped. Nigerian officials have not announced if there were casualties from the prison break.Protesters also attacked police stations and police trucks in other parts of the country.

Crackdown as rallies against police brutality continue in defiance of government curfew.

The anti-police brutality protests in Nigeria created a powerful movement that appeared to shake those in power, but after a turbulent fortnight, BBC What began as a protest against the hated police Special Anti-Robbery Squad (Sars) has become a conduit for the youth to vent their anger with the

On Oct. 20, Nigerian soldiers shot at protesters at Lekki Toll Gate, killing at least 10. Protesters were blocking a highway in Lagos, the country’s largest city and commercial capital, to draw attention to their struggle against police brutality. That night, soldiers and police attacked protesters across several parts of Lagos and elsewhere. Amnesty International reports that at least 38 Nigerians died in the clashes, with dozens more injured.

a man doing a trick on a dirt road: People are obliged to walk with their hands on their heads as they pass security checkpoints, held by security forces wearing civil clothes and holding machetes and sticks to control the crowd, at Obalende Market in Lagos, Nigeria, on Oct. 23. © Sophie Bouillon/AFP/Getty Images People are obliged to walk with their hands on their heads as they pass security checkpoints, held by security forces wearing civil clothes and holding machetes and sticks to control the crowd, at Obalende Market in Lagos, Nigeria, on Oct. 23.

The sequence of events leading to what Nigerians now call the #LekkiMassacre suggests that this appears to be a carefully planned attack. While protesters were standing on the road, dancing to songs from a live DJ, the Lagos state governor imposed a curfew, to start at 4 p.m. The protesters refused to leave. Next, operators of the toll removed all CCTV cameras from the toll booths and the lights cut out. Soldiers arrived and opened fire between 6:45 and 9 p.m.

Joe Biden Urges Nigeria to End Attacks on Protesters Amid Calls for President Buhari to Resign

  Joe Biden Urges Nigeria to End Attacks on Protesters Amid Calls for President Buhari to Resign Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari is facing widespread calls to resign after several protesters were reportedly shot dead by the Nigerian military in the Lekki district of Lagos.In a statement, the former vice president called for the Nigerian government to "engage in a good-faith dialogue with civil society" and address "longstanding grievances" at the root of the #EndSars protests.

Nigeria 's chief of police has ordered the immediate mobilisation of all police resources to put an end to days of street violence and looting. Mohammed Adamu said criminals had hijacked anti-police brutality protests and taken over public spaces. A new wave of looting was reported on Sunday

Nigerian horror over #EndSars protest shootings. Why Nigerian protesters are upset with Beyoncé. The fake stories around the Nigeria protests . On Thursday night President Muhammadu Buhari urged protesters to stop demonstrating and instead engage with the government "in finding solutions".

Why are Nigerians protesting?

Police authorities in Lagos established the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) in the early 1990s to combat armed robbery in the city and its suburbs. SARS later became part of Nigeria’s national police strategy to fight armed criminals. But the unit then began operating without any form of accountability, critics claimed, and regularly engaged in human rights violations against Nigerian citizens. Victims’ verified reports show that SARS officers regularly engaged in extreme brutality, including extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearances, torture, armed extortion and kidnapping. Complaints about the unit received little or no attention from political authorities.

Since 2017, youth groups have been peacefully protesting SARS. In 2018, Nigeria’s federal government set up a committee to investigate complaints against SARS. The committee’s findings were never made public and SARS officers faced no consequences for their actions. The ongoing protests have also led the Nigerian government to announce the dissolution of SARS. But protesters demand concrete steps to end all forms of police brutality and justice for crimes committed by SARS, before leaving the streets.

Odion Ighalo and Anthony Joshua condemn police brutality in Nigeria

  Odion Ighalo and Anthony Joshua condemn police brutality in Nigeria Manchester United striker Odion Ighalo and heavyweight boxer Anthony Joshua took to social media to condemn police brutality in Nigeria, following eyewitness reports that soldiers opened fire on protesters in Lagos on Tuesday. © Provided by CNN © Joe Gideens/Pool/Getty Images Odion Ighalo of Manchester United posted a video on Twitter Tuesday. Demonstrators have taken part in daily protests across the country for nearly two weeks over widespread claims of kidnapping, harassment, and extortion by a police unit known as the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS).

Protests over a now-disbanded police unit - the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (Sars) - have been taking place for two weeks, with demonstrators using the It was a bleak night in Nigeria as social media footage from the shooting poured in, showing gunshots ringing out at the protest site long into the night.

Nigerian protesters are also calling for economic reforms in their country. Curfew has been declared in Nigeria ’s biggest city Lagos where access to the international airport has been blocked by protesting crowds. Ariyo Atoye and Ahmadu Bello exchange views on the above issues.

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Nigeria’s #EndSARS protesters, who are largely young adults, are part of a wider global movement against police brutality. Akin to #BlackLivesMatter in the United States and the #ThisFlag movement in Zimbabwe, the #EndSARS social media hashtag became a rallying point and a basis for organizing protests around Nigeria.

The recent protests broke out on Oct. 3 when social media users shared reports of the shooting of an unarmed youth by SARS in Ughelli, a town in Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta. Beginning in Lagos, where celebrities, designers, artists, tech experts and others in the creative sector took to the streets, the protests rapidly spread to 21 cities across Nigeria. One reason for the widespread protests is because many Nigerians have firsthand experience with SARS.

Nigeria is accused of opening fire on its own people at massive protests against police brutality in Africa's largest city

  Nigeria is accused of opening fire on its own people at massive protests against police brutality in Africa's largest city Graphic videos posted online showed uniformed men with guns approaching a crowd of protesters in an upscale suburb in Lagos on Tuesday.Videos posted on social media show uniformed men with guns approaching a crowd of protesters in Lekki, an upscale suburb in Lagos, as people sang the Nigerian national anthem and waved the national flag. Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria and all of Africa.

The protests in Nigeria began on 7 October with mostly young people demanding the scrapping of a notorious police unit, the Special Nigeria 's army has denied any involvement. media captionTwo families whose lives have been forever changed by police violence seek justice for their loved ones.

"It's not a one-issue protest ," explained Andreas Harsono of Human Rights Watch in Indonesia. The public sees corruption as a massive problem and many expected the president to uphold or even strengthen the role of the anti-corruption agency.

The government has criminalized Nigeria’s youth

Nigeria is a young country — more than half of a total population of about 200 million is younger than. Since his 2015 election, President Muhammadu Buhari has repeatedly described urban youth as lazy and unwilling to work, calling on them to find jobs in rural Nigerian agriculture.

Video: Why Nigerians Are Taking To The Streets In Protests (Newsy)

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Young Nigerians, particularly those in urban areas, are influenced by the knowledge economy and instead gravitate toward the opportunities that come with growing access to technology. Young Nigerians have excelled in the tech industry. But this digital aspiration is also their undoing — Nigerian police often target young people who are carrying laptops, smartphones or other gadgets, accusing them of being Internet fraudsters.

An absence of intergenerational dialogue in Nigeria exacerbates the differences in attitude. Buhari’s generation and older Nigerians remain fixated on Nigeria’s oil and agriculture sectors. Oil wealth fuels clientelism in Nigeria, in which powerful, wealthy patrons trade resources for the loyalty of their clients.

Nigeria protests: Prison set on fire as death toll rises to at least 56

  Nigeria protests: Prison set on fire as death toll rises to at least 56 At least 56 people have died across Nigeria since the #EndSARS protests began on October 8, with 38 killed across the country on Tuesday alone, according to human rights group Amnesty International. © Sunday Alamba/AP People hold banners as they demonstrate on the street to protest against police brutality, in Lagos, Nigeria, Tuesday Oct. 20, 2020. After 13 days of protests against police brutality, authorities have imposed a 24-hour curfew in Lagos, Nigeria's largest city as moves are made to stop growing violence.

Nigeria Protests on WN Network delivers the latest Videos and Editable pages for News & Events, including Entertainment Nigeria 's Police Order Massive Mobilization After Unrest. Protestors shout slogans during a protest action against police brutality in Nigeria , outside the BBC offices in

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But younger Nigerians see ways to earn money beyond oil. The tech and creative sectors require talent, not respectability. Young people who can create wealth on their own terms do not need powerful patrons like their parents and grandparents did. And this generation is beginning to develop the confidence to challenge the patronage politics that shape all aspects of everyday life in Nigeria.

The disconnect between the tech-savvy young generation and older, patronage-driven Nigerians has become clear during the #EndSARS protests. As the protests took off, a network of tech activists rapidly set up a national online response system to provide food, emergency first aid, ambulances, legal aid and support for hospital bills without resorting to any form of state patronage.

Suppressing protests is nothing new

The #EndSARS protests are not unusual in Nigeria’s history. Historically, protest is one of the most common forms of political engagement for young people, who are often marginalized from the centers of power in Nigeria. The government has responded to past protests with violent repression.

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President Buhari, who previously led Nigeria as a military dictator in the mid-1980s, suppressed all forms of civil protest. In the early 1990s, the government crushed protests by pro-democracy activists. Human rights groups reported that journalists were jailed, and government forces killed activists, prompting many young people to flee the country.

Nigerian police chief orders mobilization of all forces to end violence plaguing country

  Nigerian police chief orders mobilization of all forces to end violence plaguing country The head of Nigeria’s police called for the immediate mobilization of all forces after two weeks of protests that have resulted in the deaths of dozens. © Provided by Washington Examiner The Nigeria Police Force announced on Saturday that Mohammed Adamu, the inspector general of the police, had given the order to deploy all resources toward ending the violence, according to Reuters. The civil unrest is among the worst in the two decades since Nigeria broke free from military rule in 1999. The protests began under the #EndSARS banner.

Why is #EndSARS happening now?

Although Nigeria transitioned to civil rule in 1999, democracy has yet to take root in the country. While Buhari’s 2015 election marked the first peaceful transfer of power in Nigeria’s history, electoral outcomes are still often determined by violence. Judicial corruption and interference from the executive and a weak legislative arm remain realities in Nigerian democracy. Although Buhari campaigned on ending corruption and insecurity, corruption has become more common than ever — his appointed anti-graft chairman, in fact, was fired for corruption. The government also has not been able to Islamist extremist group Boko Haram from terrorizing Nigerians in the country’s northeast.

This context stifles innovation that is central to social mobility for disadvantaged but talented young people. It makes it nearly impossible for young people to get justice when SARS officers violate their rights, given the absence of guaranteed mechanisms to protect young people and punish police brutality.

Buhari’s own history as a military dictator also may have made a government-backed violent response to protests all but inevitable. How Nigeria’s younger generation responds to the Lekki Massacre and other violence committed by soldiers under Buhari’s leadership will determine Nigeria’s future. Talented young people may use their innovation and creativity to sustain the struggle for a better Nigeria. Or, as was the case in the 1980s, they will leave the country for places that encourage innovation and creativity.

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Tarila Marclint Ebiede is a political scientist who has studied in Nigeria and Belgium. He has conducted extensive research on political violence, insecurity and peacebuilding in Nigeria.

Hearings begin into killings of Nigerian protesters .
A week after the killing of activists protesting police brutality in Nigeria's largest city, a Lagos state government judicial panel began hearings into the violence on Tuesday. © Adetona Omokanye/Getty Images LAGOS, NIGERIA - OCTOBER 20: Demonstrators protest police brutality at the Lekki toll gate on October 20, 2020 in Lagos, Nigeria. The Nigerian government had imposed a 24-hour curfew to tamp down on sustained protests against the now-defunct Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), a police division accused of abuse, extortion and extra-judicial killings.

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