•   
  •   
  •   

World Schools at the heart of Cameroon's separatist conflict

06:26  30 october  2020
06:26  30 october  2020 Source:   msn.com

Armenia Wants Iran's Help, Azerbaijan Says US, Russia, France Not Doing Enough to End Conflict

  Armenia Wants Iran's Help, Azerbaijan Says US, Russia, France Not Doing Enough to End Conflict Armenia's ambassador to the U.S. told Newsweek "Iran has the capacity and could use its leverages to restrain Azerbaijan and urge Turkey not to add fuel to fire in Nagorno Karabakh," while Azerbaijan's envoy "appreciates every offer to help with reaching the much needed peace in our region."With no signs of Armenia and Azerbaijan's battle over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh abating, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif proposed in a call Friday with Azerbaijani counterpart Jeyhun Bayramov the establishment of tripartite talks involving Iran, Russia and Turkey to help resolve the conflict.

media captionWitnessing Cameroon ' s descent towards civil war. The United Nations Children's Fund, Unicef, says. the ban on education has affected about 600 The separatists have targeted schools , more than anything else, because they are the softest of targets, and because they want to thwart the

Cameroon ' s government has blamed Anglophone separatist militants for the killing of eight children in Kumba in the country's Southwest Region. Thirteen other children were wounded, some of them seriously, as gunmen burst into the school compound and opened fire around midday on Saturday.

Schools are "weapons of war" in a separatist insurgency in Cameroon's two Anglophone regions, but the massacre of eight young children in class last week brought a new level of horror.

a man standing in front of a sign: Syllabuses for history and civic education lessons are seen as biased instruments of government policy by separatists © Rennier KAZE Syllabuses for history and civic education lessons are seen as biased instruments of government policy by separatists

Since violence erupted in 2017, the kidnapping of youngsters, attacks on teachers and the destruction of schools have been frequent in the western part of the mainly French-speaking country.

Secessionist groups kill civilians, while the army is also known for brutal attacks on non-combattants in its drive to crush forces seeking a breakaway state.

Nagorno-Karabakh fighting raises threat of escalation

  Nagorno-Karabakh fighting raises threat of escalation YEREVAN, Armenia (AP) — Heavy fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh continued Thursday with Armenia and Azerbaijan trading blame for new attacks, hostilities that raised the threat of Turkey and Russia being drawn into the conflict. Azerbaijan's Defense Ministry accused Armenia of firing several ballistic missiles from its territory at the Azerbaijani cities of Gabala, Siyazan and Kurdamir, which are located far from the area of fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh. It said there were no casuaLties.The Armenian military rejected the claim as a “cynical lie.

An education ban enforced by separatist rebels has affected 600,000 children in English-speaking areas.

The school attack took place amid conflict between separatists and government forces in the English-speaking territories in the country’ s Northwest Region and Southwest Region. Schools in the Anglophone regions of the nation, which is located at the junction of western and central Africa, were

On October 24, gunmen on motorbikes rode up to a bilingual school in the town of Kumba and opened fire on girls and boys aged between 12 and 14.

a person riding on the back of a truck: Doctors Without Borders (MSF) whose staff were treating some of the wounded in Kumba, condemned the attack © Antoinette BUINDA Doctors Without Borders (MSF) whose staff were treating some of the wounded in Kumba, condemned the attack

At least eight children perished and about a dozen more were wounded and taken to hospital, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

"The school is used as a weapon of war in this conflict," Ilaria Allegrozzi, regional Central Africa researcher for Human Rights Watch (HRW), told AFP.

"The separatists don't want the children to be in the schools, institutions which they equate with central authority," she said.

"Most of the teachers appointed to the Anglophone regions are Francophone," Allegrozzi added, in a country where French is used by a majority. The English-speaking regions are a post-colonial heritage.

'Numbed by Savagery and Mayhem' Anti-Corruption Official Says After 5 Children Killed in Cameroon School Shooting

  'Numbed by Savagery and Mayhem' Anti-Corruption Official Says After 5 Children Killed in Cameroon School Shooting At least nine others also injured during the shooting at the Mother Francisca school in Fiango, Kumba, amid the ongoing Anglophone crisis.Officials told Reuters that at least nine others have been injured during the shooting at the Mother Francisca school in Fiango, Kumba, in Cameroon's Southwest region on Saturday.

YAOUNDE, CAMEROON - It is a bright Tuesday morning, with children hawking goods to drivers and passersby on the congested streets of Yaounde. The number of these sidewalk sellers is increasing with the ongoing conflict in Cameroon ' s English-speaking northwest and southwest regions, where

Cameroon – Anglophone Crisis: Armed separatists kill eight students in Kumba school attack, injure over 10 others. “I'm on the field. Close to ten children are at the emergency unit of the Kumba District Hospital while five lifeless bodies are at the mortuary and elements of the Army Rescue have rushed

Syllabuses for history and civic education lessons are seen as biased instruments of government policy by separatists, who have in recent years introduced a strategy of school boycotts.

map: Cameroon's English-speaking regions © STF Cameroon's English-speaking regions

In November 2019, the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) reported that some 855,000 children were not attending school in the Anglophone regions.

About 90 percent of state-run primary schools, totalling more than 4,100 establishments, and 77 percent of the state-run secondary schools were not functioning or completely closed down, UNICEF found.

— 'People began to believe again' —

The start of the new school year on October 5, 2020, was markedly different.

"The government and Anglophone civil society put a lot of pressure on the separatist groups to let their children go back to school, and schools that had been closed for years began to reopen," said Arrey Elvis Ntui, the senior researcher in Cameroon for the independent International Crisis Group.

Armenia, Azerbaijan accuse each other of truce violations

  Armenia, Azerbaijan accuse each other of truce violations YEREVAN, Armenia (AP) — Armenia and Azerbaijan on Monday accused each other of violating the new cease-fire announced the day before in a bid to halt the fighting over the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh that has killed hundreds, and possibly thousands, in just four weeks. The truce that took effect Monday morning was agreed upon on Sunday after talks facilitated by the United States. It was a third attempt to establish a lasting cease-fire in the flare-up of a decades-old conflict. Two previous Russia-brokered cease-fires, including one last weekend, frayed immediately after taking force, with both sides blaming each other for violations.

Dozens of people, most of them children, have been kidnapped from a school in the city of Bamenda in Cameroon ’ s northwestern Anglophone region, which is struggling with a separatist insurgency. Confirmed that more than 70 pupils have been kidnapped in the North West region of # Cameroon .

media captionWitnessing Cameroon ' s descent towards civil war. The International Crisis Group (ICG) think-tank estimates that around 10 armed separatist groups exist, gaining Critics dismiss the videos as propaganda and say the group has suffered heavy setbacks at the hands of government forces.

"After three years of almost total school shortages, people began to believe again in the institution, the classrooms were packed," said Jacques Ebwea, a political analyst based in Buea, the chief town of the Anglophone Southwest region.

"It was a success. Unfortunately, Saturday's attack will dampen the enthusiasm of many people," he added.

Blaming separatists for the killings, Communications Minister Rene Emmanuel Sadi declared that "the goal of the secessionists is to break the momentum observed in the resumption of classes for the 2020/2021 school year in the Northwest and Southwest regions, and thereby dissuade parents from sending their children to school."

a truck that is sitting on top of a car: The government has deployed thousands of soldiers to restive separatist regions in western Cameroon © ALEXIS HUGUET The government has deployed thousands of soldiers to restive separatist regions in western Cameroon

On Tuesday morning, false rumours of new attacks spread panic at schools in Limbe and Buea in the Southwest, where frightened pupils tried to flee the premises while their scared parents were rushing to fetch them.

"I don't know if I'm going to send my child back to school," said Desire, a resident of Kumba. "If the situation deteriorates any further, I will send him elsewhere, to Douala or Bafoussam."

US-brokered ceasefire for Armenia-Azerbaijan fails, fighting continues

  US-brokered ceasefire for Armenia-Azerbaijan fails, fighting continues A U.S.-brokered ceasefire between Armenia and Azerbaijan appears to have collapsed. The ceasefire was announced on Sunday to begin on Monday morning, but within minutes both sides accused each other of violating the agreement and fighting has intensified since.

BABUNGO, CAMEROON - Cameroon ’ s three-year separatist conflict has left close to 3,000 people dead and growing numbers in need of A middle-aged woman cries for help at the Integrated Mental Health Care Center in Babungo, a village in Cameroon ’ s English-speaking Northwest.

Suspected Cameroon separatists abduct top civil servant, attack bus - Продолжительность: 1:43 africanews 34 496 просмотров. Soldiers attacked in brutal Cameroon conflict - Продолжительность: 5:04 Sky News 119 162 просмотра.

text: In November 2019, UNICEF reported that some 855,000 children were not attending school in the Anglophone regions © - In November 2019, UNICEF reported that some 855,000 children were not attending school in the Anglophone regions

Both towns are on Francophone territory and Douala, a big city and port, is the economic capital of the country.

— 'Could happen anywhere' —

"There is general panic in the area," said Semma Valentine, a teacher in Bamenda, the capital of the Northwest region. "All parties concerned in the conflict are to blame for this situation.

"Parents must have the courage to send their children to school, but we also need the government to guarantee the safety of these establishments."

Stephen Afuh, chairman of the Presbyterian Education Authority Teachers Trade Union (PEATTU), warned that "what happened in Kumba could happen anywhere at any time."

He remarked on the difference between urban areas and the rural ones where many schools could not reopen.

"To ensure security in schools, the government should call a ceasefire, recognise its mistakes and open a dialogue between all parties to examine the causes of the conflict and to find solutions together," Afuh said.

Confronted with Saturday's attack, a "deeply outraged" government chastised the Mother Francisca International Bilingual Academy in Kumba for reopening without authorisation, which meant that it "could not benefit from the same protective measures as other places of learning".

In Cameroon, nevertheless, it is common practice for schools to open without the required authorisation.

"Keep the schools open, make sure they have the authorisations to function," Secondary Education Minister Pauline Nalova Lyonga said in English during a visit to the site.

"The school that works will guarantee our joint existence."

rek-dyg-amt/nb/erc

Cameroon buries seven children killed in school shooting .
Cameroon buries seven children killed in school shootingIn the town of Kumba on Thursday, hundreds of people came to pay their respects as the children's coffins, draped in the Cameroonian flag, were laid next to their portraits. Gospel choirs sang and speakers offered prayers.

usr: 2
This is interesting!