World From Spain to Italy, Europe Is Fed Up with Lockdowns

10:05  30 october  2020
10:05  30 october  2020 Source:   bloomberg.com

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Spain banned direct flights from Italy , and Austria said it’ll block travelers from that country unless they can prove they’re healthy as Europe struggled to find ways to curb the spread of the new coronavirus. Led by Italy Lockdown , Europe Struggles to Limit Coronavirus Spread.

Coronavirus: Europe on lockdown . Spain : One of Europe 's hardest-hit countries. The Spanish government first imposed a state of emergency on Serbia has implemented one of the strictest set of lockdown measures in Europe , with President Aleksandar Vucic declaring an open-ended state of

(Bloomberg Opinion) -- After a summer of hope, Europe looks set for a tragic winter. The dream of keeping the pandemic in check with limited sacrifices is gone. Governments are readying themselves for a new round of tough containment measures.

Ireland paved the way a week and a half ago, imposing a national lockdown while keeping schools and essential stores open. France has similarly ordered a shutdown, just a few months after president Emmanuel Macron categorically ruled one out. In Germany, chancellor Angela Merkel has spearheaded a partial lockdown for the month of November, one that will put a stop to leisure activities. Italy has imposed a 6 p.m. curfew for bars and restaurants but could opt for more draconian rules.

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Around 300,000 non-essential workers are estimated to have gone back to their jobs in Spain on Monday as the country began to lift lockdown restrictions aimed at curbing the spread of coronavirus, a spokesperson for Madrid's regional government told CNN.

Italy — quarantine required for two EU countries. Borders in Italy opened June 3 to citizens from the Until July 31, entrance to Italy is forbidden for most passengers who in the 14 days prior to arrival It has drawn up a list of 13 countries that it could resume flights with: United Kingdom, Hungary

graphical user interface: Europe's Grim Count © Bloomberg Europe's Grim Count

As new curbs on personal freedom loom, it’s worth asking: Are citizens going to accept them as they did during the first wave of the virus? From Italy to Spain, many are already taking to the streets to protest the impact of restrictions on their financial security. Politicians must find ways to address their concerns or risk a collapse of social cohesion.

As I argued in August, more lockdowns were never off the table. Although leaders vowed to tackle a second wave through tracking, tracing and “smart,” localized lockdowns, the rising number of deaths and hospitalizations is giving them no choice but to impose stricter measures. Even Sweden, which opted for a relatively light-touch strategy during the first wave, is now enforcing more restrictions, at least in some areas.

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With Italy , Spain , Greece, Portugal and Germany all relaxing some of their restrictions on Monday, Europe is settling down to a new normal as it After more than 120,000 deaths in Europe , leaders are being careful in opening the economy amid concerns that a new spike in infections will make the

Europe edges out of lockdown : Italy It has started to loosen its seven-week lockdown , with shopping centres, larger shops and service providers including hairdressers reopening last week. After weeks of staying at home, parts of Europe are tentatively opening up again, with the first phase

The current approach across Europe differs, however, from that taken during the spring. Governments appear desperate to keep open as much of their economies as possible, as they fear a spike in bankruptcies, unemployment and ever larger budget deficits. Spain and Italy are resisting the blanket bans on non-essential activities they had previously adopted. Politicians also want to keep schools open, even though this likely contributes to propagating contagion. Italy has reverted to distant learning for high school kids, but elsewhere on the continent we are not seeing the same widespread school closures we had in the first half of 2020.

Still, any lockdown is going to require collaboration from the population. Most European countries benefited from exceptional levels of compliance to stay-at-home orders in the spring. Now, as protests in cities such as Rome and Barcelona show, people’s frustration and rage are growing.

Trump calls New York a 'ghost town' and blasts Democratic lockdowns

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Spain orders Madrid lockdown as virus cases rise. What are the new rules in Spain and across Europe ? Miguel Hernán, an epidemiologist from Harvard University in the US, advised Spain on its first lockdown . Now those measures are being expanded across the capital and to other parts of Spain .

The return of lockdown measures across Europe has led to protests breaking out in Spain and Italy where But unlike the previous lockdown , most schools are to remain open because their closure was deemed 'too ' That is, people are becoming more and more fed up with the preventive measures.'

To some extent, this is the natural consequence of earlier policies. There was always a risk that people would become tired of staying home, especially if it looked like their efforts weren’t paying off. Generalized lockdowns were always an imperfect long-term containment strategy for the virus, as the economic shock hits citizens hard. It also hits the same people again and again, from waiters to ballet dancers.

But European governments have themselves to blame for this wave of discontent. During the spring, they could be excused for being caught off guard. This line of defense no longer holds. As citizens continue to face shortages of tests and hospital beds, many are asking what exactly politicians did to prepare for the colder season. There is also anger that businesses were forced to invest in sanitizers and other health precautions only to then be shut down again. Policy makers should have been more honest about the long-term uncertainty linked to the pandemic, rather than raising expectations of a swift return to normality.

Leaders must now do a better job of bringing citizens on board with new restrictions. They must ensure that measures are proportionate and based on scientific advice, and that the public sector does its part to limit the spread of contagion — for example by reducing crowds on public transport. They must do better at communicating the thinking behind their decisions. Finally, they must put together adequate financial support and get it swiftly to those in need. During the first wave, countries such as Germany managed this far more efficiently than others such as Italy.

Europe is heading into winter with a tired and scared population. The challenge will be finding a way to fight the pandemic while keeping social peace.

This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board or Bloomberg LP and its owners.

Ferdinando Giugliano writes columns on European economics for Bloomberg Opinion. He is also an economics columnist for La Repubblica and was a member of the editorial board of the Financial Times.

For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.com/opinion

©2020 Bloomberg L.P.

Europe tried a scalpel on the second wave. Now it's going back to the sledgehammer .
When the second wave of Covid-19 pandemic started to emerge over the summer, Europe's leaders pulled out out the scalpel, launching local lockdowns in an attempt to squash the outbreak before it gets out of countrol. It didn't work. Now they're bringing back the sledgehammer.Germany and France both announced new four-week national lockdowns on Wednesday night. They followed the Czech Republic and Ireland, which put country-wide restrictions in place earlier this month. Spain and the United Kingdom could be next.

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