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World Uyghurs: China signs an extradition treaty with Turkey

21:25  28 december  2020
21:25  28 december  2020 Source:   france24.com

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China – Turkey relations refers to the international relations between China and Turkey . Current official relations were established in 1934 and Turkey recognized the People's Republic of China (PRC) on 5 August 1971.

Deal signed in 2017 but yet to receive parliamentary approval is seen by Beijing as central to its counterterrorism efforts, expert says. Zhang Yesui’s report on the progress of China ’s extradition treaty with Turkey suggests Beijing will soon ratify it.

Le président turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, et son homologue chinois, Xi Jinping, le 2 juillet 2019, à Pékin. © AFP - WANG ZHAO Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping on July 2, 2019 in Beijing.

Beijing has announced the ratification of an extradition treaty with Ankara, a text that China particularly wants to use to speed up the return of certain Muslim Uyghurs suspected of "terrorism" and refugees in Turkey. The Turkish parliament has yet to approve this agreement.

Beijing ratified, on Saturday, December 26, the extradition agreement signed in 2017 with Ankara in order to speed up the return of some Muslim Uyghurs refugees in Turkey, which is home to a large diaspora.

Even if the Turkish parliament has not yet ratified this bilateral agreement, the initiative should cause concern among the Uyghur community in Turkey (estimated at 50,000 people).

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Extradition law in China is the formal process by which a fugitive found outside China 's jurisdiction is surrendered to the jurisdiction where an alleged offense has taken place for trial or punishment, under Chinese law. China does not allow for the extradition of its own nationals.

China agreed to extradite the Indonesian fugitive without obtaining the transfer of four Uyghur prisoners serving terrorism-related sentences in Turkey has the East Turkestan Islamic Movement on its list of terrorist organizations and signed an extradition treaty in 2017, which still needs to be

The country has linguistic and cultural ties with the Uyghurs, who speak a Turkic language. Ankara has long been one of the main defenders of their cause on the international scene, before being more discreet.

Refugees in Turkey

China has launched in its region of Xinjiang , in the north-west of the country, a policy of maximum surveillance of Uyghurs after numerous deadly attacks committed against civilians. Beijing accuses the separatist and Islamist Uyghur movement.

According to foreign experts, the Chinese authorities have interned at least one million people, in particular Uyghurs, in "camps" . Beijing speaks of "vocational training centers" intended to help the population find a job and thus move them away from extremism. Believing themselves to be victims of persecution, some Uyghurs fled to Turkey.

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Turkey . China 's treatment of Uyghurs have accused the Chinese government of propagating a policy of sinicization in Xinjiang in the 21st century The analysis of the diversity of cytochrome B further suggests Uyghurs are closer to Chinese and Siberian populations than to various Caucasoid

Unless India also has an extradition treaty with HK that they recently suspended Nations do not typically sign treaties with cities, that's just the way it is. Can't have it both ways A big sticking point would be that China has the death penalty and these days most western countries won't extradite

"The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress has ratified" the Sino-Turkish "extradition treaty", the Chinese parliament said in a short statement on Saturday evening on its website. However, the text provides for several grounds for refusal.

This is notably the case if the State to which the extradition request is submitted considers it linked to a "political crime", if the person concerned is one of its citizens, or if the latter benefits from the right asylum.

"Panic among Uyghurs"

"This extradition treaty will cause panic among Uyghurs who fled China and do not yet have Turkish citizenship", reacted Dilxat Raxit, spokesperson for the Uyghur World Congress, exile organization based in Germany.

"We call on the Turkish government (...) to prevent this treaty from becoming an instrument of persecution", he added, assuring that Beijing is exerting economic pressure on Turkey to ratify the treaty.

The question is delicate for Ankara, because the Turks are generally sensitive to the Uyghur cause. Press articles accusing Turkey of already quietly expelling Uyghurs to China have provoked an outcry in public opinion.

Turkey is the only Muslim-majority country to have so far publicly denounced the treatment of Uyghurs. The Turkish Foreign Minister thus described it in early 2019 as "shame on humanity".

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan , however, praised, last year, in China, the policy pursued in Xinjiang, judging people there "happy", according to statements reported by the official China New Agency.

With AFP

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