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World A Brief History of U.S. Presidential Struggles with North Korea

03:00  16 july  2017
03:00  16 july  2017 Source:   time.com

US seeks North Korean funds from eight big banks

  US seeks North Korean funds from eight big banks The U.S. government is attempting to seize millions of dollars tied to North Korea from eight major banks after the rogue dictatorship announced on July 4 that it had developed a missile capable of reaching the United States.Multiple newsoutlets reported Thursday that the Justice Department has accused the banks of processing more than $700 million in "prohibited" transactions since 2009. The banks included in the court filings are Bank of America Corp., Bank of New York Mellon Corp., Citigroup Inc., Deutsche Bank AG, HSBC Holdings Plc, JPMorgan Chase & Co., Standard Chartered Plc and Wells Fargo & Co.

North Korea experts say they see U . S . Presidents making similar mistakes over and over—missteps that may stem from a misunderstanding of the Kim regime. Cha, who served as a U . S . delegate at the 2003 six-party talks aimed at negotiating North Korean de-proliferation

Cha, who served as a U . S . delegate at the 2003 six-party talks aimed at negotiating North Korean de-proliferation. A Brief History of U . S . Presidential Struggles with North A brief Universal International Newsreel. February 6, 1958. North Korea : The Struggle Against American Power.

This picture released by North Korea's official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) on July 5, 2017 shows the successful test-fire of the intercontinental ballistic missile Hwasong-14 at an undisclosed location.© STR—AFP/Getty Images This picture released by North Korea's official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) on July 5, 2017 shows the successful test-fire of the intercontinental ballistic missile Hwasong-14 at an undisclosed location.

When it comes to North Korean diplomacy, U.S. Presidents have long been faced with a number of choices—none of them particularly good.

“You’re not choosing between good and bad,” says Victor Cha, former director of Asian affairs for the White House National Security Council under George W. Bush. “You’re choosing between bad, really bad, worse, and much worse options.”

Since the 1990s, presidential approaches have ranged from reconciliatory to openly unfriendly. But truly effective diplomacy remains elusive, and an aggressive military approach has been seen largely as a last resort, since it could provoke nuclear violence or an attack on Seoul.

North Korea calls US practice bombing run a provocation

  North Korea calls US practice bombing run a provocation North Korea has criticized a practice bombing run on the Korean peninsula by two U.S. B-1B bombers as a dangerous move raising the risk of nuclear war.A commentary Sunday in the ruling party's Rodong Sinmun newspaper accused the U.S. of "reckless military provocations" that are escalating tensions. The U.S. Air Force bombers released inert weapons Friday on a training range in South Korea. South Korean and U.S. fighter jets joined the drill. The bombers also flew with Japanese fighter jets on their way back to Andersen Air Force Base in Guam.

Cha, who served as a U . S . delegate at the 2003 six-party talks aimed at negotiating North Korean de-proliferation. A Brief History of U . S . Presidential Struggles with North A brief Universal International Newsreel. February 6, 1958. North Korea : The Struggle Against American Power.

North Korea experts say they see U . S . Presidents making similar mistakes over and over—missteps that may stem from a misunderstanding of the Kim regime. Cha, who served as a U . S . delegate at the 2003 six-party talks aimed at negotiating North Korean de-proliferation

There have been some key differences in approach. Then-President Clinton made a number of visible attempts at negotiating with North Korea, including sending then-Secretary of State Madeleine Albright to North Korea for an official state visit in 2000.

In contrast, George W. Bush took what RAND Senior International/Defense Researcher Bruce Bennett characterizes as a “more hands-offish” approach to negotiations, largely because of ideological opposition to the North Korean regime’s human rights abuses. (Bush famously placed North Korea into an “axis of evil” along with Iran and Iraq in his 2002 State of the Union Address.) And following rejected negotiations offers and increased nuclear testing, Obama would eventually settle into a policy of strategic patience, bolstered by a looming threat of nuclear retaliation.

S.Korea says North doesn't have ICBM re-entry technology

  S.Korea says North doesn't have ICBM re-entry technology South Korea's intelligence agency does not believe North Korea has secured re-entry capabilities for its intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) programme, a South Korean lawmaker said on Tuesday, disputing Pyongyang's account.North Korea launched what was said to be a nuclear-capable ICBM last week as it presses on with its nuclear and missile programmes in defiance of United Nations sanctions.

When it comes to North Korean diplomacy, U . S . Presidents have long been faced with a number of choices—none of them particularly good. “You’re not choosing between good and bad,” says Victor Ch

North Korea , officially the Democratic People' s Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea , or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. Pyongyang is the capital and largest city.

“The rhetoric between the administrations emphasizes difference,” says Jeffrey Lewis, an expert on nuclear strategy at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies.

But that popular narrative is a little misleading, say Lewis and other experts on the region. “In fact, the policies are really similar. There are differences, but there’s a lot more continuity and dysfunction that people really present,” Lewis says.

North Korea experts say they see U.S. Presidents making similar mistakes over and over—missteps that may stem from a misunderstanding of the Kim regime. Cha, who served as a U.S. delegate at the 2003 six-party talks aimed at negotiating North Korean de-proliferation, points out that even in the face of bipartisan agreement over goals in North Korea, US attempts have fallen flat because traditional means of negotiation and control are simply not effective there.

U.S. says test of THAAD missile defense system in Alaska hits target

  U.S. says test of THAAD missile defense system in Alaska hits target The United States said on Tuesday it successfully tested its THAAD missile defense system against an intermediate-range ballistic missile in the Pacific Ocean near Hawaii and Alaska, a key area as tensions with North Korea mount. A Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) near Kodiak, Alaska, intercepted the ballistic missile target that was launched north of Hawaii, the U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) said in a statement.Although the test was planned months ago, the U.S.

2007 South Korean presidential election loomed, with the North Koreans taking pains to emphasize a more moderate policy. "A history of U . S . Nuclear Weapons in South Korea ". ^ "News in Brief : Atomic Weapons to Korea ". Universal International Newsreel. February 6, 1958. North Korea : The Struggle Against American Power.

Scottish Conservatives: A Story of Decline. Quebec Sites of Historical Interest. World History For Dummies Cheat Sheet. Load more. The foreign administration of North and South Korea was intended to be temporary, and plans had been laid for free elections in the two districts.

One such strategy is reliance on sanctions. Since the Bush era, the U.S. has imposed economic sanctions against North Korea aimed at stifling their nuclear program. Those measures were further tightened under the Obama administration, following the fourth in a series of nuclear tests that North Korea has launched since 2006.

<p> North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un has as been the source of much international scrutiny.</p><p> Lately, he's been in the news because of his regime's <a href= growing nuclear weapons capabilities and the case of American student Otto Warmbier, who died just days after he was released from a DPRK prison.

Information about life inside "Hermit Kingdom" is somewhat scarce, as are details about the daily routine of the country's self-styled "Supreme Leader."

However, some information has slipped through.

In 2016, North Korea scored a 28.6 on the Global Hunger Index, meaning that the situation in the country is in "serious" trouble - an "extremely alarming" food situation would be denoted by a score of over 50. The World Food Programme has reported that 70% of the country's 25.1 million population is "food insecure" and chronic malnutrition is endemic.

One thing is clear to see: Kim Jong Un's life of private islands, imported liquor, and wealth is worlds apart from the lives of the people he rules.

" src="/upload/images/real/2017/07/16/p-north-korean-dictator-kim-jong-un-has-as-been-the-source-of-much-international-scrutiny-p-p-lately_925473_.png?content=1" />
A look inside the daily life of Kim Jong Un, the North Korean dictator who's as secretive as he is dangerous

Photo gallery by Business Insider

But sanctions rarely have meaningful impact on the nuclear program itself. And for a nation that went through debilitating famine in the ’90s—a disaster that claimed the lives of as many as 3 million people—largely because of state policies, it can be difficult for sanctions to sway the government even if they affect the economic health of the country’s citizens, says Bennett.

Secondly, negotiations attempts have fallen flat because of North Korean dealings. Over the past few decades, North Korea has consistently reneged on arms agreements, hindering U.S. Presidents’ efforts to stitch together a truce.

South Korea: No proof cash to Kaesong went to North Korea arms programs

  South Korea: No proof cash to Kaesong went to North Korea arms programs There was no evidence that North Korea had diverted wages paid to its workers by South Korean companies operating in now-suspended industrial park on their border to its weapons programs, a South Korean official said on Thursday. The assertion by the official in President Moon Jae-in's government was a reversal of the contention by the previous government that most of the cash that flowed into the jointly run Kaesong project was diverted to North Korea's military.

" With North Korea and the U . S . remaining stalemated, there is a even bigger need for an inter- Korea summit," Kim Eui-kyeom, a spokesman for the presidential Blue House told a briefing . South Korea ' s President Moon

Diplomacy between the United States and North Korea has gone through familiar cycles of long stagnation, followed by brief bursts of hope, and then inevitable disappointment. President Trump is set to meet with North Korea ’ s leader, Kim Jong-un, on Tuesday.

Throughout 1994, the U.S. participated in a series of negotiations culminating in the “Agreed Framework,” under which North Korea agreed to freeze proliferation and replace its nuclear power reactors with proliferation-resistant Light Water Reactors. In a speech, Clinton lauded the agreement as “a crucial step toward drawing North Korea into the global community.”

But just a few years later, it became clear that North Korea had been consistently violating the terms of the agreement since its inception, and the framework disintegrated. Similarly, an Obama-brokered deal in 2012, the Leap Day Agreement, dissolved in just weeks, after a satellite launch attempt from Pyongyang.

The fact that those deals quickly dissolved, say experts, is evidence of a regime and a culture that views negotiations as a means to temporary truce, and agreements as nonbinding. These repeated frustrations have led Presidents stretching back several administrations to consistently end up pushing the issue off—something that may no longer be possible now that the nation possess an ICBM.

“There are just such limitations that most of the presidents have eventually turned to something akin to strategic patience: ‘we’re going to kick this can down the road,’” says Bennett.

After the failure of the Agreed Framework, Clinton, for example, focused attention away from North Korea, cancelling an end-of-term trip to the nation in favor of a diplomatic visit to Northern Ireland. Because the situation is so fraught with likely negative outcomes, it’s a political nonstarter, which Lewis says has kept it from being fully addressed by a series of Presidents.

But that doesn’t mean that the playing field itself hasn’t changed. In the mid ’90s, when the problem was on then-President Clinton’s plate, for example, North Korea “had only a handful of very crude weapons,” says Cha. Now, more than 20 years and five nuclear tests later, the stakes have changed—and that means that Trump may have to break the pattern that’s held for the last few administrations.

“This issue has been a can kicked down the road for some time and it’s really his problem now,” Cha said. “He’s the one who has to deal with it now, in a way that no president has had to before.”

This article was originally published on TIME.com

N. Korea lacks capacity to hit U.S. with accuracy - U.S. general .
<p>While its missiles have the range, they lack the necessary guidance capability, Vice Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff said.</p>"I ... am not sanguine that the test on the Fourth of July demonstrates that they have the capacity to strike the United States with any degree of accuracy or reasonable confidence or success," Selva said while appearing before the Senate Armed Services Committee.

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