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World How a dredger and a fleet of tugboats helped free the Ever Given ship from the Suez Canal

09:00  02 april  2021
09:00  02 april  2021 Source:   businessinsider.com

Opinion: Suez Canal traffic jam blocks the world's jugular vein

  Opinion: Suez Canal traffic jam blocks the world's jugular vein A failure of machinery, human error or natural events -- high winds and reduced visibility - may have caused Ever Given to run ashore in the Suez Canal, writes Salvatore R. Mercogliano. But its impact will resonate far from its banks as it has blocked the jugular of one of the largest trade routes in human history. The Suez Canal was opened in November 1869 to great fanfare after 10 years of excavation. A joint endeavor by France and Great Britain, it provided a shorter route to Asia than having to circumnavigate Africa. Connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean via the Red Sea, the vital waterway was essential to maritime commerce.

a man holding a kite in a boat on a body of water: In this photo released by Suez Canal Authority, the Ever Given, a Panama-flagged cargo ship, is accompanied by Suez Canal tugboats as it moves in the Suez Canal, Egypt, Monday, March 29, 2021. Suez Canal Authority via AP © Suez Canal Authority via AP In this photo released by Suez Canal Authority, the Ever Given, a Panama-flagged cargo ship, is accompanied by Suez Canal tugboats as it moves in the Suez Canal, Egypt, Monday, March 29, 2021. Suez Canal Authority via AP
  • The Ever Given was freed Monday after spending approximately six days stuck in the Suez Canal.
  • The Suez Canal Authority last week employed the Dutch dredging and heavylift company to assist.
  • A dredger known as a Mashhour and more than a dozen tugboats helped free the ship.
  • See more stories on Insider's business page.

After nearly six days blocking the Suez Canal, the massive cargo ship Ever Given was freed on Monday, reopening the pivotal maritime waterway that had been blocked since the ship became lodged last week.

Tugs and dredgers try to free megaship blocking Suez Canal

  Tugs and dredgers try to free megaship blocking Suez Canal Tugboats and dredgers were working Friday to free a giant container ship blocking Egypt's Suez Canal for a fourth day, forcing companies to re-route services from the vital shipping lane around Africa. The MV Ever Given, which is longer than four football fields, has been wedged diagonally across the entire canal since Tuesday, shutting the waterway in both directions. The blockage has caused a huge traffic jam for more than 200 ships at either end of the 193-kilometre (120-mile) long canal and major delays in the delivery of oil and other products.

The Ever Given became lodged in the side of the Suez Canal last Tuesday. Officials suspect the ship became stuck due to high winds and a large dust storm. A previous Insider report also revealed that the container ship was traveling nearly 5 knots faster than permitted in the canal, though experts explained that speeding up is a tactic used to better control a vessel during a wind storm.

The Suez Canal Authority, which confirmed the ship was freed Monday around 3 p.m. local time, worked from Tuesday to Thursday before it employed Dutch firm Boskalis to assist in removing the ship from the side of the canal.

A dredging ship called the Mashhour helped dig Ever Given out of the canal

The Mashhour dredger removing sand from around the stuck Ever Given ship in the Suez Canal. Satellite image ©2021 Maxar Technologies/Business Insider © Satellite image ©2021 Maxar Technologies/Business Insider The Mashhour dredger removing sand from around the stuck Ever Given ship in the Suez Canal. Satellite image ©2021 Maxar Technologies/Business Insider

As Insider previously reported, the ship, which weighs 220,000 tons, had been partially re-floated earlier Monday, around 4 a.m. local time, after days of work by a dredging ship dubbed the Mashhour. The dredger, which was used beginning Thursday, is capable of moving 70,000 cubic feet of sand per hour, said Bernhard Schulte Shipmanagement, the technical manager of the Ever Given.

Ever Given, the giant ship blocking the Suez Canal, had another accident in 2019 when it crashed into a small ferry in Germany

  Ever Given, the giant ship blocking the Suez Canal, had another accident in 2019 when it crashed into a small ferry in Germany The Suez Canal blockage is not the first accident for the big boat, and winds were also named as the cause in the 2019 incident.But apparently, it wasn't the first accident for the big boat.

In total, some 30,000 cubic meters - more than 1 million cubic feet - of sand and mud were removed from around the ship as workers worked round-the-clock to re-float it.

But early Monday it wasn't immediately clear if the partial re-floating that involved freeing the stern of the ship would result in freeing the Ever Given entirely.

"Don't cheer too soon," Peter Berdowski, CEO of dredging specialists Boskalis, said earlier Monday, warning that the bow was still stuck in sand and clay despite the stern being freed.

The constant dredging of sand using the Mashhour was vital in allowing tugboats to finally pull the ship free. In addition to the Mashour, smaller dredgers were also used to free the Ever Given.

Workers who freed the Ever Given worked with the 'king tide'

Tugboats work to help free the Even Given ship from the Suez Canal just before noon local time on Monday, March 29, 2021. Satellite image ©2021 Maxar Technologies © Satellite image ©2021 Maxar Technologies Tugboats work to help free the Even Given ship from the Suez Canal just before noon local time on Monday, March 29, 2021. Satellite image ©2021 Maxar Technologies

Also pivotal to freeing the ship, which is slightly larger than the Empire State Building, were the moon and tides in the canal. Workers attempting to free the ship worked in tandem with rising and lowering tides to free the ship from the Suez.

Huge ship blocking Suez Canal partially refloated, more work needed

  Huge ship blocking Suez Canal partially refloated, more work needed Huge ship blocking Suez Canal partially refloated, more work neededISMAILIA, Egypt (Reuters) - A massive container ship blocking Egypt's Suez Canal for nearly a week has been partially refloated, the Suez Canal Authority (SCA) said on Monday, raising hopes the busy waterway will soon be reopened for a huge backlog of ships.

According to The New York Times, a full moon and resulting "king tide" on Sunday provided favorable conditions for the effort to re-float the Ever Given as it allowed for a few extra inches of tidal flow.

Boskalis said it used two "powerful seagoing tugs" to finally free the ship. Those tugboats were used in addition to 11 tugboats used by the Suez Canal Authority.

The ship is now headed toward Great Bitter Lake - a wide body of water midway through the canal - where it will be inspected, Boskalis said.

It could still take days to resolve the backlog of ships that were stuck behind the Ever Given

Now that the vessel is freed, the more than 350 ships that were anchored in wait have already begun to move through the canal.

According to the Journal of Commerce, a container shipping and trade publication, container shipping companies are in disagreement about the length of time it will take to clear the backlog of ships, estimating that it will take anywhere from 4 days to at least a week.

The Egyptian president's advisor for the canal authority, Mohab Mamish, told Bloomberg that it may take a week to resolve the backlog.

How the Giant Boat Blocking the Suez Canal Was Freed: Dredgers, Tugboats, and a Full Moon

  How the Giant Boat Blocking the Suez Canal Was Freed: Dredgers, Tugboats, and a Full Moon How a celestial body contributed to the rescue effortsThe recovery vessels took advantage of high spring tides around the full moon on Sunday to free the Ever Given, which had blocked Egypt’s Suez Canal for almost a week. Its partial refloating just before dawn on Monday drew cheers and foghorn blasts from the bridges of other vessels caught in the bi-directional snarl that had held up hundreds of ships and billions of dollars worth of cargo each day since March 23.

But despite the canal's reopening, some of the world's largest shipping container companies have already made the decision to take a different route .

Maersk, the company whose "Maersk Denver" vessel was originally the first ship stuck behind the Ever Given and released one of the first photos of the twisted ship, said it directed 15 of its ships around the Cape of Good Hope on the southern tip of Africa - a 15,000 mile detour. Hapag-Lloyd, another container shipping company, said it detoured six of its ships around Africa, as well, but had no more plans to reroute now that the shipping channels have been restored.

The full economic impacts could take weeks to untangle

map: The maximum sea route round Africa without the Suez Canal is 15,000 miles. Google Maps/Insider © Google Maps/Insider The maximum sea route round Africa without the Suez Canal is 15,000 miles. Google Maps/Insider

The Suez Canal may be cleared, but Maersk warned that the economic effects of the nearly week-long blockage may take months to resolve.

"Even when the canal gets reopened, the ripple effects on global capacity and equipment are significant and the blockage has already triggered a series of further disruptions and backlogs in global shipping that could take weeks, possibly months, to unravel," the company said in a statement on Monday.

The Suez Canal blockage prevented an estimated $9.6 billion in trade every day, according to Lloyds List, or more than $50 billion after 6 days. Toilet paper, coffee, and furniture are among the industries most affected by the Ever Given. IKEA, an international furniture company, said it had more than 100 containers on board the Ever Given and expected supply chain delays from the crisis.

Read the original article on Business Insider

Trolls attack Egypt's first female sea captain after Suez Canal ship mishap .
Egypt's first female sea captain says she was skewered on social media although she was working on a ship hundreds of miles from the Ever Given.The controversy comes as the canal authority announced that the backup of ships was finally cleared Saturday, 11 days after the Ever Given became wedged across a narrow section of the canal and six days after the ship was freed.

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