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World China 'Ready' to Help India Fight COVID-19 Crisis Amid U.S. Vaccine Materials Ban

03:05  23 april  2021
03:05  23 april  2021 Source:   newsweek.com

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China is willing to help India as it fights a surge in coronavirus cases, the Chinese foreign ministry said on Thursday. China is aware that the epidemic in India has been severe recently, and there is a temporary shortage of necessary materials for epidemic prevention, said Wang Wenbin, a A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID - 19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a

The focus of the entire world is on India , which faces a grave crisis amid a vicious second wave of the COVID - 19 pandemic. Even China , not the best of allies, is ready to provide outbreak prevention support and medical supplies to Narendra Modi’ s government. Wang added that the coronavirus epidemic is the “common enemy of all mankind” and international community “needs to unite as one” to fight against the epidemic, Hindustan Times reported. It could not be immediately ascertained if Beijing has officially extended the offer of help to New Delhi.

China has offered to help India fight its worsening COVID-19 crisis as the United States continues to ban exports of vaccines for the coronavirus disease.

a group of people in a forest: Multiple funeral pyres can be seen burning as people perform the last rites of their relatives who died of the COVID-19 at a crematorium on April 22 in the outskirts of New Delhi, India. India already has more than two million active cases of the coronavirus disease, the second-highest number in the world after the U.S, and a new wave of the pandemic has totally overwhelmed the country's healthcare services, causing crematoriums to operate day and night as the number of victims continues to spiral out of control. © Anindito Mukherjee/AFP/Getty Images Multiple funeral pyres can be seen burning as people perform the last rites of their relatives who died of the COVID-19 at a crematorium on April 22 in the outskirts of New Delhi, India. India already has more than two million active cases of the coronavirus disease, the second-highest number in the world after the U.S, and a new wave of the pandemic has totally overwhelmed the country's healthcare services, causing crematoriums to operate day and night as the number of victims continues to spiral out of control.

India marked a world record surge Thursday of more than 300,000 new COVID-19 cases in a single day as the nation of some 1.3 billion people scrambled to curb the spread of the illness and treat those already infected despite dwindling resources. The situation has prompted international concern, including from neighboring China.

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The vaccine was close to 77 per cent effective against severe/critical Covid - 19 at 14 days after administration, and 85 per cent after 28 days. Talking about Russia’ s Sputnik V vaccine that recently received Emergency Use Authorisation (EUA) in India , Swarup said that besides the initial import of Sputnik V is the third Covid - 19 vaccine to get clearance in India after Serum Institute of India ’ s locally-made Oxford Covid - 19 vaccine Covishield and Bharat Biotech’ s indigenously manufactured Covaxin. India has become the 60th country to authorise the use of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine against

Both sides alluded to cooperation on “ COVID - 19 ” or “health” in descriptions of the call. India and the U . S . are collaborating on the production of five vaccines and are also part of larger joint efforts with other countries. The U . S ., along with India , Japan and Australia (the Quad) has announced that it plans to deliver at least one billion doses of COVID - 19 vaccines to Southeast Asia and the Pacific by the end of 2022. International U . S . offers new tax credit to help spur COVID - 19 vaccinations . International White House refuses to comment on lifting ban on COVID - 19 vaccine raw materials export to India .

"The COVID-19 pandemic is a common enemy of all mankind that necessitates international solidarity and mutual assistance," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin told reporters on Thursday. "China takes note of the recent grave situation in India with a temporary shortage of anti-epidemic medical supplies."

With Beijing having largely reined in the disease, one first detected in the Chinese province of Hubei in late 2019, he said his country was prepared to offer its support.

"We stand ready to provide India with necessary support and assistance to get the epidemic under control," Wang said.

The offer comes despite lingering frictions between the world's two largest populations, whose long-running border dispute turned deadly last year when skirmishes saw the deaths of at least 20 Indian troops and four Chinese soldiers. Successive rounds of military and political talks led to disengagement, but tensions remain.

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China and India are the only two countries with a population of over one billion. The virus is a challenge to all and we would like to share our experience with the Indian side and further provide necessary assistance to the Indian side,” he said. Geng also pointed out India was part of a video conference conducted by the Chinese officials to share their COVID - 19 experience with Eurasia and South Asian countries recently. South Asian countries including India , Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Maldives, Bangladesh participated in it, he said.

The Covid - 19 vaccine developed by Indian pharmaceutical firm Bharat Biotech has been found to be 78% effective in preventing symptoms of Covid - 19 and 100% against severe disease in stage three trials, the company said. In a press release on Wednesday, Bharat Biotech published second-round India is one of the world’ s largest Covid - 19 manufacturers, but has recently banned exports in an effort to prioritize the vaccination of its citizens amid a worrying increase in cases. The country’ s latest mutant strain has also become an issue, with two major mutations potentially making it more resistant

Having long remained non-aligned throughout the Cold War, though close with the former Soviet Union, India has begun to foster warmer ties with the West, and especially the United States. The trend comes at a time when Washington sought to shore up its ties in Asia to counter Beijing's rise.

Growing U.S.-India relations have been reinforced by a number of joint agreements in recent years, as well as their shared commitment to the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, which also includes Australia and Japan. The foursome seeks to ensure a "free and open Indo-Pacific" and each member has often criticized China's behavior in the region.

And while Washington and New Delhi's ties have been on an upswing, some hiccups have emerged, such as a recent U.S. Navy "freedom of navigation" operation that challenged India's requirement for countries to seek prior permission to conduct military activities off the coast of the Lakshadweep Islands in the Indian Ocean. The Indian External Ministry expressed "concerns" over the incident.

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President Joe Biden delivers remarks on the COVID - 19 response and the state of vaccinations as Vice President Kamala Harris looks on at the South Court Auditorium of Eisenhower Executive Office Building on April 21, 2021 in Washington, DC. Alex Wong | Getty Images. President Joe Biden announced Wednesday that his administration had reached its goal of 200 million Covid vaccine shots administered during his first 100 days in office, and touted that half of U . S . adults, and 80% of seniors, have received at least one shot.

As the rapid COVID-19 spike tops national priorities, however, a potential new hurdle has emerged for the two partners as the U.S. maintains a ban on exporting key materials used to manufacture vaccines for the disease. The restrictions come in line with the Korean War-era Defense Production Act, invoked by the U.S. in a bid to prioritize domestic vaccine manufacturing.

Adar Poonawalla, CEO and owner of vaccine maker Serum Institute of India, recently issued a personal appeal to Biden on social media.

"Respected @POTUS, if we are to truly unite in beating this virus, on behalf of the vaccine industry outside the U.S., I humbly request you to lift the embargo of raw material exports out of the U.S. so that vaccine production can ramp up," Poonawalla tweeted last Wednesday. "Your administration has the details."

Asked Tuesday about these details, State Department spokesperson Ned Price declined to discuss the specifics of the matter but spoke broadly as to the U.S. point of view, which has been expressed by President Joe Biden and Secretary Antony Blinken.

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"President Biden, Secretary Blinken, they're deeply focused on the issue of expanding global vaccination, manufacturing, and delivery – all of which will be critical to ending the pandemic," Price said. "Secretary Blinken consistently makes the point that as long as the virus is out of control, is uncontained anywhere around the world, whether that is here in the United States, whether that is elsewhere, it continues to present a risk to the American people."

This meant putting the homeland first.

"Of course, first and foremost, our priority is ensuring the distribution of a safe and effective vaccine to millions of Americans, to all Americans who are able to take advantage of it," Price said.

He said the administration recognized, however, the "need to continue to demonstrate that leadership when it comes to countries beyond our borders," and highlighted U.S. reengagement with the World Health Organization, multibillion-dollar contributions to the United Nations COVAX global vaccination program and discussions regarding vaccines with neighboring allies Canada and Mexico as well as the Quad.

"As long as the virus is uncontrolled anywhere, it is a threat to people everywhere," he added. "That is true in the United States; that is true in countries around the world, and it's precisely why we're taking this approach."

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Health cooperation between the two countries was also discussed earlier this week in a phone call between Blinken and Indian External Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar.

a group of people looking at a phone: A healthcare worker administers a shot of China's Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine to a man at the Guru Nanak Darbar Gurudwara Sikh temple in Dubai on February 28. Chinese officials have said their country was providing vaccine assistance to 80 countries and 3 international organizations, exporting to 40-plus countries, and has entered into vaccine R&D and production cooperation with more than 10 countries. KARIM SAHIB/AFP/Getty Images © KARIM SAHIB/AFP/Getty Images A healthcare worker administers a shot of China's Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine to a man at the Guru Nanak Darbar Gurudwara Sikh temple in Dubai on February 28. Chinese officials have said their country was providing vaccine assistance to 80 countries and 3 international organizations, exporting to 40-plus countries, and has entered into vaccine R&D and production cooperation with more than 10 countries. KARIM SAHIB/AFP/Getty Images

The U.S. remains by far the worst hit by the pandemic, with nearly 32 million cases—roughly one in 10 among the population—and 570,000 deaths. India comes in second with 16 million cases and roughly 184,000 fatalities.

India was also the world's second-largest exporter of COVID-19 vaccines before halting such measures last month in order to address increasingly pressing needs at home. China, on the other hand, has expanded its vaccine exports across the globe and has called for the vaccine to become a "public good."

In their most recent estimate, Chinese officials have said their country was providing vaccine assistance to 80 countries and three international organizations, exporting to 40-plus countries and has entered into vaccine research, development and production cooperation with more than 10 countries.

Both Beijing and New Delhi believe drug makers should not be permitted to patent vaccines. A bid by India and fellow BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) group member South Africa to introduce a ban on such restrictions at the World Trade Organization was rejected by wealthy Western countries such as the U.S. and the United Kingdom, as well as the European Union, which have argued the move might disrupt production at home.

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India's vaccine providers can charge $10 to $32 for coronavirus shots amid the country's unprecedented surge .
Charging for shots could prevent many Indians - particularly poorer residents - from getting vaccinated right away. That's especially detrimental given the country's devastating surge in coronavirus infections. India reported more than 350,000 new cases on Monday - the world's highest-ever daily total. The four daily caseloads before that shattered world records as well. Deaths in India have skyrocketed to more than 2,300 per day on average - the highest of any country, aside from Brazil.Even these unprecedented tallies likely underestimate the real number of cases and deaths, epidemiologist wager.

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