•   
  •   
  •   

World Germany's Benin Bronzes will be returned to Nigeria

06:40  30 april  2021
06:40  30 april  2021 Source:   cnn.com

Three students killed in Nigeria after kidnapping at Greenfield University -- local official

  Three students killed in Nigeria after kidnapping at Greenfield University -- local official Three students kidnapped by armed bandits from Greenfield University in northern Nigeria on Tuesday have been killed, a local official said in a statement on Friday. © Nasu Bori/AFP/Getty Images A general view of the gate of the Greenfield University in Kaduna, Nigeria, on April 21, 2021. "The armed bandits who kidnapped students of Greenfield University, have shot dead three of the abducted students," said Samuel Aruwan, Commissioner for Kaduna State Ministry of Internal Security and Home Affairs, in a statement posted on Facebook.

Germany plans to hand back ancient, pillaged artefacts known as the Benin Bronzes to Nigeria next year, after museum experts and political leaders struck an agreement on Thursday. Most of the artefacts were looted by British forces during a military expedition to the kingdom, in what is now Nigeria , in 1897. The 16th-18th century metal plaques and sculptures that decorated the royal palace of the Kingdom of Benin are among the most highly regarded works of African art. They are now scattered around European museums. After the decision on Thursday, the next step will be to develop a road

The Benin Bronzes - thousands of brass, bronze and ivory sculptures and carvings - have become highly charged symbols of injustice. They are originally from what is now Edo State, in southern Nigeria . Stolen by British soldiers and sailors in 1897, most are in Western museums and private Since 2017, the Benin Dialogue Group, which brings together the current oba, the Edo state governor, the Nigerian government and museums in Germany , the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK (including the British Museum) - has been working on a compromise plan for some Benin Bronzes to return to

Precious artifacts that were looted during the colonial era will finally be returned to Nigeria, the German government has announced. The first returns are planned for 2022.

14.02.2018, Hamburg: Drei Raubkunst-Bronzen aus dem Land Benin in Westafrika sind im Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe (MKG) in einer Vitrine ausgestellt. Das MKG hat die Herkunftsgeschichte der drei Bronzen aus seiner Sammlung erforscht und präsentiert die Ergebnisse nun in einer Ausstellung. (zu dpa «Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe zeigt Bronzen aus Benin» vom 15.02.2018) Foto: Daniel Bockwoldt/dpa | usage worldwide (Photo by Daniel Bockwoldt/picture alliance via Getty Images) © Daniel Bockwoldt/picture alliance/Getty Images 14.02.2018, Hamburg: Drei Raubkunst-Bronzen aus dem Land Benin in Westafrika sind im Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe (MKG) in einer Vitrine ausgestellt. Das MKG hat die Herkunftsgeschichte der drei Bronzen aus seiner Sammlung erforscht und präsentiert die Ergebnisse nun in einer Ausstellung. (zu dpa «Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe zeigt Bronzen aus Benin» vom 15.02.2018) Foto: Daniel Bockwoldt/dpa | usage worldwide (Photo by Daniel Bockwoldt/picture alliance via Getty Images)

In a joint declaration published Thursday, Germany's Ministry of Culture, state ministers and museum directors committed to "substantive returns" of Benin bronzes -- artworks made of bronze, brass and ivory that were taken by the British army in a raid on the Kingdom of Benin, in present-day Nigeria, in 1897.

Italy police arrest suspected Nigeria gang members

  Italy police arrest suspected Nigeria gang members Police say the gang used bitcoins to carry out illegal financial transactions on the dark web. Black Axe emerged from Nigeria in the 1970s, where they carried out rape, mutilation, and ritual murders.They went on to build a powerful international network. Inside Nigeria's deadly and secretive campus cults "There is evidence that the members had a direct connection with the Nigerian gang, drawing on the same vocabulary, symbols and affiliation rituals," Italian police said.

Germany has entered into historic talks to restitute its holdings of Benin bronzes to their home country of Nigeria . Germany to return Benin bronzes back to Nigeria . The move will have wide-ranging consequences for German museums, not least Berlin’ s splashy new Humboldt Forum, and major implications for the growing campaign for restitution across Europe. Last week, the head of the German foreign ministry’ s culture department, Andreas Görgen, traveled to Benin City to enter into discussions with Edo State Governor Godwin Obaseki over the contested Benin bronzes

The Benin Bronzes , among the most famous treasures taken, are currently on display at the British Museum, but a number of galleries have recently agreed to send similar items back, with the University of Aberdeen saying last month it would return a sculpture to Nigeria within weeks. Lambeth Palace, the London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury, then pledged to return two statues to given to former Archbishop Robert Runcie and the Church of England by the University of Nigeria in a visit nearly 40 years ago. However, the two sculptures that are set to be returned as a 'gesture of goodwill'

A Benin Bronze, pictured in Berlin, depicts a high-ranking dignitary with sword and rectangular bell accompanied by two hornblowers, brass plaque. © Adam Eastland/Alamy A Benin Bronze, pictured in Berlin, depicts a high-ranking dignitary with sword and rectangular bell accompanied by two hornblowers, brass plaque.

The bronzes were subsequently distributed across the world and hundreds are currently held in German museums. Nigeria has sought their return for decades.

Osaisonor Godfrey Ekhator-Obogie, a historian and researcher at Nigeria's Institute for Benin Studies, welcomed the declaration, saying that Germany is "leading in the global restitution movement."

"Other European nations should be willing and open to acknowledge that all objects looted in 1897 belong to the Benin people," he said over email. "Like Germany, they too should initiate or join the dialogue to discuss the future of these objects.

Parents of Nigeria kidnap victims plead for government help

  Parents of Nigeria kidnap victims plead for government help Parents of Nigeria kidnap victims plead for government helpKADUNA, Nigeria (Reuters) - When Linda Peter last spoke to her daughter, the brief phone call left her relieved the teenager was alive but distraught because she could not pay any ransom demanded.

Monika Grütters, Germany ’ s culture minister, echoed that sentiment, saying in a statement, “In addition to the greatest possible transparency, we aim for substantial returns . In this way we would like to contribute to understanding and reconciliation with the descendants of the people who were robbed of their No other Western nation has been as unequivocal in its support for returning Benin Bronzes to Nigeria , although in recent months, certain institutions in England and Scotland have begun taking steps toward repatriation. In March, the University of Aberdeen’s museum said it would send back its

The Benin Bronzes - thousands of brass, bronze and ivory sculptures and carvings - have become highly charged symbols of injustice. They are originally from what is now Edo State, in southern Nigeria . Stolen by British soldiers and sailors in 1897, most are in Western museums and private Since 2017, the Benin Dialogue Group, which brings together the current oba, the Edo state governor, the Nigerian government and museums in Germany , the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK (including the British Museum) - has been working on a compromise plan for some Benin Bronzes to return to

"This decision was a truce with parties, not a win-win or winner takes it all. I will tell my children about this historic moment."

'Historic milestone'

German Culture Minister Monika Grütters described the declaration as a "historic milestone."

"We face a historic and moral responsibility to shine a light on Germany's colonial past," said Grütters in a statement. "We would like to contribute to an understanding and reconciliation with the descendants of the people who were robbed of their cultural treasures during the colonial era."

The declaration lays out plans for the first pieces to be returned next year, and for a roadmap to guide additional restitution, without specifying which artifacts or how many.

It also requires museums in possession of Benin objects to establish and document their provenance. Those details are to be to be published on a new website that will serve as an information resource and point of contact for restitution claims relating to any German "collections from colonial contexts."

Bodies of 3 Europeans ambushed in Burkina Faso flown home

  Bodies of 3 Europeans ambushed in Burkina Faso flown home MADRID (AP) — The bodies of two Spanish journalists and an Irish wildlife campaigner killed by jihadists in Burkina Faso this week while they were filming a documentary on poaching were flown home Friday as several European countries vowed to keep fighting extremism in Africa's Sahel region. David Beriáin, 44, and Roberto Fraile, 47, journalists with a long record of experience in conflict zones, had joined Irish conservationist Rory Young on an anti-poaching patrol led by a special military wildlife force in eastern Burkina Faso when their convoy was ambushed by jihadists on Monday.

More than a century after British soldiers looted a collection of priceless artifacts from the Kingdom of Benin , some of the Benin bronzes are heading back to Nigeria - with strings attached.

Tori be say : Germany dey consider to return artefacts known as Benin bronzes to Nigeria , di committee tok. Dem bin loot di artefacts from the Kingdom of Benin , wey dey present day southern Nigeria , during di colonial era and dem hold am for Ethnological Museum for di German capital. Di Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation (SPK), wey dey manage Berlin museums, say im members "agree that in di case of di Benin bronzes , dem go find solution wey go also consider di return of objects as option".

Parties to the agreement have pledged to work with Nigerian partners, including the Legacy Restoration Trust, which is leading the development of the new Edo Museum for West African Art in Benin City, Edo State.

The announcement follows a visit by a German government delegation to Nigeria in March, after which the foreign minister Heiko Maas signaled support for restitution.

Edo State Governor Godwin Obaseki, who hosted the delegation, subsequently announced the launch of a "legacy restoration trust" and expressed hope that international cooperation would go beyond the return of objects.

"We believe that our collaboration should transcend to not only returning the works but also understanding the significant and meaning of those works from our history," said Obaseki in a statement.

Germany has also committed to supplying expertise and funding for the new museum, designed by award-winning architect David Adjaye, and recently launched a "knowledge-exchange" platform for collaboration between German and African museums.

Gang boss behind Nigeria kidnapping shot by rivals

  Gang boss behind Nigeria kidnapping shot by rivals Auwalu Daudawa, whose gang abducted over 300 children, is killed while stealing cattle, officials say.Auwalu Daudawa was reportedly ambushed while attempting to steal a herd of cattle from an armed group in the north-western state of Zamfara.

Thursday's declaration has, however, received a mixed reaction from scholars in the field of restitution. Professor Jürgen Zimmerer, a colonial historian at the University of Hamburg, described it as a "disappointment" for not going further.

"There is a general commitment to 'substantial restitution', however this is rather vague," he told CNN. "No firm schedule for restitution has been presented."

But Professor Dan Hicks, curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum at the University of Oxford and author of a book on the Benin Bronzes, believes the declaration is a step forward.

"This clear statement from such a powerful group of German museum leaders, setting out their willingness to make substantive returns of Benin bronzes, will be very welcome to many," said Hicks.

"The fast-moving developments in Germany will move the needle on this question ... and will shift it up the agenda also for the trustee bodies, directors, curators and museum-goers at more than 150 museums worldwide that hold Benin collections."

Nigeria's campaign

The bronzes have come to be regarded as among the finest artworks produced in Africa and individual pieces have sold for millions of dollars at auction.

Nigeria's campaign for their return predates the country's independence in 1960. The issue has often been a source of tension in relations with former colonial powers, such as a diplomatic incident in 1977 sparked by the British Museum's refusal to return an ivory mask on loan.

Nigeria army dismisses suggestions of takeover from Buhari

  Nigeria army dismisses suggestions of takeover from Buhari Nigeria's armed forces have dismissed suggestions that they should take over from President Muhammadu Buhari, who is facing mounting pressure over the country's worsening insecurity. It was not the first time Nigeria's armed forces have issued a statement backing Buhari, but the latest has come after weeks of criticism of the 78-year-old former general's failures to stem the protracted security crisis. From a jihadist insurgency in the northeast to herder-farmer clashes in the centre, banditry in the northwest and separatist tensions in the southeast, Buhari's armed forces appear to be struggling to curb insecurity.

But after decades of little success, there have been signs of movement in recent years. In 2019, the French government commissioned a report recommending that museum artifacts from sub-Saharan Africa be made available for restitution claims. The directors of major museums in the Netherlands have supported calls for a new process for restitution.

A handful of institutions have acted on their own initiative. The National Museum of Ireland recently committed to "progress a restitution process" for its bronzes, according to the Times, while the University of Aberdeen has announced it will return a bronze.

But UK laws forbid national museums from returning parts of their collections, which has proved a significant barrier. The British Museum, which holds the largest collection of bronzes from Benin, has been a frequent target for campaigners.

Top image: Benin Bronzes on display in Hamburg, Germany, in 2018.

The sheikh, the ransom payments and the bandits .
A Muslim cleric in northern Nigeria is in the eye of the storm for his part in the country's kidnap crisis.Sheikh Ahmad Gumi, a former army captain, was involved in Wednesday's release of 27 students abducted in March from a forestry college in Nigeria's Kaduna state.

usr: 3
This is interesting!