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World China Throwing Support Behind 'Diplomatic Efforts' to End Myanmar Coup

17:30  04 may  2021
17:30  04 may  2021 Source:   newsweek.com

Myanmar Fast Facts

  Myanmar Fast Facts View CNN's Fast Facts on Myanmar, and learn more about the country in southeast Asia formerly known as Burma. © Provided by CNN coren myanmar flooding_00000113.jpg About Myanmar(from the CIA World Factbook) Area: 676,578 sq km (slightly smaller than Texas)Population: 57,069,099 (July 2021 est.)Median age: 29.2 yearsCapital: NaypyidawEthnic Groups: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%Religion: Buddhist 87.9%, Christian 6.2%, Muslim 4.3%, Animist 0.8%, Hindu 0.5%, Other 0.2%, None 0.1% (2014 est.)Unemployment: 4% (2017 est.

China's U.N. ambassador on Monday issued strong support for "diplomatic efforts" to help end the military coup in Myanmar but stopped short of imposing sanctions against the embattled country.

a group of people holding wine glasses: China on Monday announced support for © /AFPTV/AFP via Getty Images/Getty Images China on Monday announced support for "diplomatic efforts" to help end the Military coup in Mynamar, but stopped short of imposing sanctions. This screen-grab from an AFPTV video footage taken on May 2, 2021 shows protesters making the three-finger salute as they take part in demonstrations against the military coup on "Global Myanmar Spring Revolution Day" in Yangon.

"It's mainly an issue relating to the difference on the election," Zhang Jun said, according to the Associated Press. "The political parties should be able to find a solution on that. So that's why China prefers...more diplomatic efforts."

UN report says Myanmar poverty could double from coup chaos

  UN report says Myanmar poverty could double from coup chaos BANGKOK (AP) — Political turmoil and disruptions following the coup in Myanmar could undo years of progress and double the number of its people living in poverty to nearly half the population, a United Nations report said Friday. The report by the U.N. Development Program, or UNDP, said 12 million people could fall into dire economic straits as businesses remain shuttered in a standoff between the junta and a mass civil disobedience movement. “The hardest hit will be poor urban populations and the worst affected will be female heads of household," Kanni Wignaraja, the UNDP's assistant secretary-general for the region, told The Associated Press via a Zoom recording.

Zhang added that China is strongly backing efforts by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the U.N.'s special envoy on Myanmar, Christine Schraner Burgener, to prevent further violence or the possibility of a Myanmar civil war.

"China is working very closely with the relevant parties, urging them really to refrain from going extreme, avoiding violence, avoiding casualties and try to find a solution with dialogue. That's why the [Security Council] is also now giving full support to the diplomatic efforts of ASEAN," Zhang said.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below:

The U.N. Security Council on Friday strongly backed calls by Southeast Asian nations for an immediate cessation of violence and talks as a first step toward a solution following the military coup in Myanmar that ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi and her party

Myanmar protesters describe torture they suffered in detention at the hands of the military

  Myanmar protesters describe torture they suffered in detention at the hands of the military The 19-year-old's eyes are so swollen he cannot open them properly. His face is marked with big purple welts and bruises. Etched into his shoulders and back are long, dark lacerations that have yet to heal over -- wounds, he said, that were inflicted when Myanmar military officers who had detained him whipped him repeatedly with cable wires. © Stringer/AFP/Getty Images TOPSHOT - This picture taken on April 2, 2021 shows soldiers patrolling along a street in Yangon, as the country remains in turmoil with security forces clamping down on protesters taking to the streets to demonstrate against the February military coup.

The council again demanded the restoration of democracy and the release of all detainees including Suu Kyi and condemned the use of violence against peaceful protesters and the deaths of hundreds of civilians.

Myanmar for five decades had languished under strict military rule that led to international isolation and sanctions. As the generals loosened their grip, culminating in Suu Kyi's rise to leadership in 2015 elections, the international community responded by lifting most sanctions and pouring investment into the country. The coup took place following November elections, which Suu Kyi's party won overwhelmingly and the military contends was marred by fraud.

Zhang said China is also very concerned about the humanitarian impact of the crisis, citing Burgener, who pointed to more poor people losing jobs, civil servants refusing to work to protest the junta, and a brewing crisis of families in and around the main city of Yangon "pushed to the edge" for food, going into debt and trying to survive.

Myanmar army says no ASEAN envoy visit until stability restored

  Myanmar army says no ASEAN envoy visit until stability restored At least 774 people were killed and more than 3,700 detained in the military’s crackdown on opponents.Leaders of countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) had reached consensus on five points at a summit on the Myanmar crisis last month, which was attended by the architect of the February 1 coup, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing.

In her briefing to the council Friday, obtained by the AP, she also cited a World Food Program report that said the combination of existing poverty, the coronavirus pandemic and the political crisis have led to a sharp rise in "hunger and desperation," and that within six months up to 3.4 million more people will suffer from hunger, particularly those in urban areas.

In again urging a diplomatic solution, Zhang warned that with further deterioration "definitely a humanitarian disaster or crisis will be inevitable so we do need to try our best to avoid that."

a group of people walking down a street: Anti-coup protesters burn tires and chant slogans with banner read ''The Kamayut strike will be fight for to the end when we get victory © AP Photo/Associated Press Anti-coup protesters burn tires and chant slogans with banner read ''The Kamayut strike will be fight for to the end when we get victory" during the demonstration against the military coup in Kamayut township Yangon, Monday, May 3, 2021. AP Photo/Associated Press

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Analysis-On Myanmar, ASEAN pushes boundaries of "non-interference" .
Analysis-On Myanmar, ASEAN pushes boundaries of "non-interference"BANGKOK (Reuters) - Few had high hopes that a summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), which counts Myanmar among its members, would produce any serious initiative to end the bloodshed after Myanmar's coup, with the junta leader himself in attendance.

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