World Scotland vote sets up new independence clash with London
Beyond the pandemic: London votes for a mayor during crisis
LONDON (AP) — Not long ago, London was booming. Now it fears a bust. Brexit and the coronavirus pandemic have hit Britain’s capital in a perfect storm. In 2021, the city has fewer people, fewer businesses, starker divisions and tougher choices than anyone could have expected. On May 6, Londoners will elect a mayor whose performance will help determine whether this is a period of decline for Europe’s biggest city — or a chance to do things better.“It’s going to be rough, definitely,” said Jack Brown, lecturer in London studies at King’s College London. “Those two quite seismic changes” — Brexit and the virus — “will be a lot to cope with.
The Scottish National Party on Sunday said its landslide victory in Edinburgh's devolved parliament was grounds for a fresh independence referendum, despite opposition from London.
While the SNP campaigned on promises to hold a new vote, the UK government -- which would need to give formal legal permission -- is opposed, raising fears of a protracted political and legal battle.
Now the nationalists say their slightly increased share of seats, one short of an overall majority of 65, gives them a mandate for "indyref2", so called after the "no" vote in Scotland's first independence vote in 2014.
Historic Stirling sees battle for Scotland's future
Bullet marks in Stirling's grey-stone walls testify to past battles between Scotland and England, and another momentous fight is now under way in the picturesque university city. - 'All to play for' - Scotland allows 16-year-olds to vote in parliamentary and local elections and first-time voter Leigh, 17, said she backs the SNP, because she can go to university without paying tuition, unlike in England. "I'm pro-independence and so's everybody else I know," she added.Local Conservative activist Jess Insall, an 18-year-old apprentice accountant, conceded the SNP has had a strong youth following but said "it is all to play for".
Scottish media stressed the SNP's strong showing, with The Herald on Sunday headlining its front page simply with the word "Landslide".
But UK-wide newspapers had a different take, as The Sunday Telegraph declared "Sturgeon falls short of majority".
SNP leader Nicola Sturgeon said in her victory speech that Westminster now has "no democratic justification" to deny a second independence referendum.
"I hope to lead Scotland to independence," she told the BBC on Sunday.
She said that it would be "absurd and completely outrageous" for the referendum to lead to a legal wrangle in the Supreme Court, as could happen if Westminster blocked it and the Scottish parliament passed its own legislation.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said the 2014 referendum where 55 percent voted "no" should be a once in a generation event.
Is the UK falling apart? Elections on Thursday could expose divides and strengthen a push for Scottish independence
In recent years, the United Kingdom has struggled to live up to its name. Tensions and old enmities have flared between the four nations that make up the kingdom, p[particularly since the Brexit vote in 2016. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland all have factions pushing for a break from the U.K. © Provided by CNBC Counter-protesters with Union flags face off against pro-independence protesters gathering in George Square, Glasgow on May 1, 2021, ahead of the upcoming Scottish Parliament election which is to be held on May 6, 2021. - away from the UK.
- 'Wouldn't play well' -
Johnson said Saturday that the SNP's aim of a second referendum was "irresponsible and reckless" while he wrote a public letter to Sturgeon asking her to "work together" in "Team UK."
Sturgeon told the BBC that she thought the UK government ultimately would not stand against the referendum because this would come across as disrespectful of Scots' democratic rights.
"It would mean that the Conservative government had refused to respect the democratic wishes of the Scottish people," she said.
"I think it is an understatement to say that that wouldn't play well."
On Sunday, senior UK minister Michael Gove sought to downplay the brewing conflict.
He insisted in comments to the BBC that for all UK leaders including Sturgeon the priority is recovery from the coronavirus pandemic and claimed the country did not have time now for a "protracted conversation about the Constitution".
Scottish Voters Reluctant About Independence Vote as Economy Struggles Amid Pandemic
Ahead of parliamentary elections in Scotland this week, support for independence has waivered amid the economic fallout of the coronavirus pandemic and Brexit.As Scotland heads into parliamentary elections Thursday, the Scottish National Party, which has led a minority government since 2016, says a big victory will give it the political momentum to hold a referendum on whether Scotland should end its union with England.
Gove also argued that the fact that the SNP do not have an outright majority in the devolved parliament -- as they did before the first referendum in 2014 -- made a "significant difference".
Asked whether Scotland was allowed to leave the UK, however, he said: "Of course it is... through a legal referendum which would allow people to make that choice".
With the Scottish Greens also backing a referendum, Holyrood now has a stronger majority of pro-independence politicians than before, with 72 seats out of 129.
"The immediate problem is that the Conservative government at Westminster will say no in the short term," Dr Lynn Bennie, a reader in politics at the University of Aberdeen, told AFP.
The UK government has the remit to grant or refuse a referendum despite the debate about democratic rights, she stressed.
"You basically have two governments coming together in a sort of democratic log jam and it's very hard to see how this will be resolved."
Scottish Leader Nicola Sturgeon Weighing Independence Vote for Country in 2022 .
Sturgeon's office told the Associated Press that "her intention [is] to ensure that the people of Scotland can choose our own future when the crisis is over."Sturgeon said she wouldn't rule out legislation paving the way for a vote at the beginning of 2022, a move Johnson has called "reckless" in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic. The Scottish National Party (SNP) leader, coming off her fourth consecutive parliamentary win, said that while Scotland's recovery is an immediate priority, a vote to break away from Britain is a matter of "when, not if." Results from Scotland's local elections last Thursday show that the SNP took 64 of 129 seats in the Parliament.