World Israel: Are the actors of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict always the same?

14:20  12 may  2021
14:20  12 may  2021 Source:   huffingtonpost.fr

The Memo: Outrage rises among liberals over Israel

  The Memo: Outrage rises among liberals over Israel Outrage is rising among Democrats over events in the Middle East - and it's aimed at Israel.A previous generation of Democrats leaned heavily into the idea of Israel as a stalwart U.S. ally. U.S. criticism of Israel was muted or nonexistent, and Washington often acted as a bulwark against international opprobrium.But the progressives on the rise today are more likely to draw parallels between the plight of the Palestinians and the injustices faced by Black Americans, or to compare Israel's posture with apartheid-era South Africa."I know what it's like to be brutalized for simply advocating for my own humanity," Rep. Cori Bush (D-Mo.) tweeted late last week.

Conflit Israélo-palestinien: 73 ans plus tard, les acteurs du conflit sont-ils toujours les mêmes? © HuffPost Israeli-Palestinian conflict: 73 years later, are the actors of the conflict always the same?

International - who supports who, why and to what extent? For a week, the climbing of violence in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has experienced a world resonance, on the background of refusal of Israel's colonial politics in the occupied West Bank and Hamas response. On Wednesday, the Israeli army indicated that "more than 1000 rockets" were drawn from Gaza since Monday night, making at least 5 victims. For its part, the Ministry of Health in Gaza states that Israeli air strikes on the enclave, carried out in rocket fireback, have made more than 35 dead, including 12 children.

Turkish President Tayyip Ergodan Tells Vladimir Putin Israel Should be Taught a 'Deterrent Lesson' by Others

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These clashes resulted in regional and international convictions with various and revealing tones.

In Turkey, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan condemned what he described "Israeli terrorism" in Jerusalem. Even his bell in Iran who evokes Israel's "war crimes" .Tunis is falling against "aggression against Palestinian territories".

Other countries in the region, some of which have recently normalized their relations with Israel -soudan, Morocco, United Arab Emirates and Bahrain - have also condemned the Hebrew state, but the terms are less virulent. Abu Dhabi called on the Israeli authorities to "ensure the responsibility of a de-escalation" of violence around the esplanade of the mosques. The Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs condemned "firmly the new incursion of Israeli forces into the Al-Aqsa mosque". The King of Jordan Abdallah II also denounced "the provocations towards the inhabitants of Jerusalem, who go against international law and human rights" and the expansion policy of Israel.

West Bank erupts in protest amid more Israel-Hamas fighting

  West Bank erupts in protest amid more Israel-Hamas fighting At least 10 protesters were shot and killed by soldiers. An 11th Palestinian was killed when he tried to stab a soldier at a military position. In east Jerusalem, online video showed young Jewish nationalists firing pistols as they traded volleys of stone with Palestinians in Sheikh Jarrah, which became a flashpoint for tensions over attempts by settlers to forcibly evict a number of Palestinian families from their homes.On Israel's northern border, troops opened fire when a group of Lebanese and Palestinian protesters on the other side cut through the border fence and briefly crossed. One Lebanese was killed.

A "Change of Perception"

Two years almost day for the day after the last clashes between the Israeli government and the Palestinians in May 2019 , the same story is repeated. But the context is not exactly the same.

with the HuffPost, Bertrand Badie, Professor of Universities Emeritus at SciencesPo, insists in the first place on the change of perception of the situation. "There is a growing consciousness in international public opinion committed by Israel." He quotes as proof The last report of the NGO Human Rights Watch of April 2021 which pin "the apartheid crimes and persecution" that flow "abusive Israeli policies."

"This is something that begins to change the great balances of global public opinion. It is increasingly difficult for Netanyahu and his peers to continue "with their politics, he explains. Namely, to "last indefinitely" a situation supposed to be temporary: the occupation that resulted from the 6 day war.

Democrats embrace a tougher tack toward Israel as violence flares

  Democrats embrace a tougher tack toward Israel as violence flares After years of progressive work to shift U.S. policy leftward, the president's party isn't flinching this week in its calls for a tougher posture against aggression toward Palestinians. “There is a very strong emerging ground in the Democratic Party that wants to see an American policy that is balanced — that recognizes both Israel’s security needs and rights when it comes to defending itself from rockets and terror, but also recognizes that will never end unless Palestinians get their rights and their freedoms,” said Jeremy Ben-Ami, president of J Street, an advocacy group founded as a progressive pro-Israel voice

There is also a change in policy in some countries. Internationally, where the United States very involved in the conflict alongside Israel are no longer led by Donald Trump - very close to Benjamin Netanyahu- but by Joe Biden, more cautious on this thorny conflict. Changes have also occurred at the regional level: in addition to the normalization of the relationships of many with Israel, the evolution of the diplomatic situation in the region has revealed some new actors.

helped by Bertrand Badie, the HuffPost tried to take stock of the card below on the relationships and interests of each in the conflict.

in red: Israel

Green outlines: Occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.

in purple: Algeria, Tunisia, Iran and Turkey: The most critical countries towards Israel (and who have some interest in supporting the Palestinian cause).

Gray contours: Syria, Algeria, Libya. Direct neighbors or far from the conflict zone, they can not afford to intervene because of their own political situation.

orange: United States, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Jordan, Bahrain. These countries that maintain diplomatic relations with Israel and have an interest in that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is forgotten.

Calls mount for Gaza-Israel cease-fire, greater US efforts

  Calls mount for Gaza-Israel cease-fire, greater US efforts The U.N. Security Council and Muslim nations convened emergency meetings Sunday to demand a stop to civilian bloodshed as Israeli warplanes carried out the deadliest single attacks in nearly a week of unrelenting Hamas rocket barrages and Israeli airstrikes. President Joe Biden gave no signs of pressuring Israel to agree to an immediate cease-fire despite new calls from some Democrats for the Biden administration to get more involved. His ambassador to the United Nations, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, told an emergency high-level meeting of the Security Council that the United States was “working tirelessly through diplomatic channels" to stop the fighting.

Orange contours: Saudi Arabia. Do not officially recognize Israel, but has any interest in being allied rather than enemy.

to see also on the HuffPost: the climbing of violence between Israel and Palestine continues Read also:

Communistes et Insoumis fustigent la position du gouvernement sur la situation à Jérusalem (photo prise le 11 mai 2021) © mahmoud khatab via AFP via Getty Images communists and unwilling the position of the government on the situation in Jerusalem (photo taken the May 11, 2021) Communists and Ensurbs Filming the Government's position on the situation in the Near East   Israël: les acteurs du conflit israélo-palestinien sont-ils toujours les mêmes? © Supplied by the Huffington Post Netanyahu fails to form a government, the way is open for its rivals

Biden raises cease-fire, civilian toll in call to Netanyahu .
President Joe Biden expressed support for a cease-fire between Israel and Gaza's militant Hamas rulers in a call to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, but he stopped short of demanding an immediate stop to the eight days of Israeli airstrikes and Hamas rocket barrages that have killed more than 200 people, most of them Palestinian. Biden's carefully worded statement, in a White House readout Monday of his second known call to Netanyahu in three days as the attacks pounded on, came with the administration under pressure to respond more forcefully despite its determination to wrench the U.S. foreign policy focus away from Middle East conflicts.

usr: 1
This is interesting!