World No longer silent, Gulf Arab citizens express anger at Israel
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Europe is increasingly being enmeshed in Middle Eastern rivalries and geopolitical strife. Harun Karčić is a journalist and political analyst based in Sarajevo covering foreign influences in the Balkans. He tweets @HarunKarcic.The views expressed in this article are the writer's own.
DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — The ongoing bloodshed in the Gaza Strip has unleashed a chorus of voices across Gulf Arab states that are fiercely critical of Israel and emphatically supportive of Palestinians.
Groundhog Day in Gaza
His predecessor’s strategic incoherence has made it difficult for Biden to restore America’s influence on both sides.First, Hamas seizes on some pretext to start lobbing rockets from the Gaza Strip into Israel, aiming indiscriminately at population centers. That's terrorism, or it's a war crime, take your pick.
The vocal opposition to Israel, expressed in street protests, on social media and in newspaper columns, comes just months after pacts were signed to establish ties with the Jewish state — and complicates government efforts to rally Arab citizens around full-throttle acceptance of the deals.
Mideast Conflict Was Tough for Israel, Terrible for Hamas, Great for Biden
With Israeli continuing to pummel Hamas, and growing support for Palestinians within his own party, Biden seemed to have no good options. Yet he comes out of the crisis with more freedom to do what he actually wants: Seek a deal with Iran.The exchange of rocket and mortar fire between Israel and Hamas in Gaza had put Biden in a difficult spot. The left flank of the Democratic party has been increasingly outspoken in its support for the Palestinian people. And when Israel responded militarily to Hamas's attack, progressives—led by Alexandria Ocasio Cortez, Rashida Tlaib and Ilhan Omar—criticized Israel and went after Biden himself.
Analysts said the conflict will also set back Israeli efforts to secure more normalization deals with other Arab states, like Saudi Arabia.
The criticism has not only put Arab governments thatin a difficult position with their citizens, it also affirms that the Palestinian cause continues to resonate deeply with people across the Middle East.
“No matter what your national priorities are at the moment or regional priorities are at the moment, when stuff like this happens, the Palestinian issue comes back and hits you,” Emirati political analyst Abdulkhaleq Abdulla said.
Still, the open calls for Palestinian rights and condemnation of Israel voiced by countless Gulf Arab citizens have largely mirrored official statements from their governments, all of which have condemned the violence in some form. Some have gone further, and Abdulla said he’d hoped the United Arab Emirates' most recent statement calling “on all parties” to cease fighting had been bolder and named Israel as the aggressor.
Red Cross Asks Gaza, Israel to Engage in Cease-Fire, Even for 'A Couple of Hours'
The head of the Red Cross sub-delegation in Gaza, Mirjam Muller, called for a pause in fighting Thursday to allow for "a breather" so people can shop for food, see a doctor if needed and tend to their needs.The head of the ICRC sub-delegation in Gaza, Mirjam Muller, called for a pause in fighting Thursday to allow for "a breather" so people can shop for food, see a doctor if needed and tend to their needs, the Associated Press reported.
In speaking out, Gulf citizens are challenging the official narratives around normalization with Israel.
In Bahrain, civil society groups signed a letter urging the government to expel the Israeli ambassador. In Kuwait, protesters held two rallies and are demanding permission to hold more. In Qatar, the government allowed hundreds to protest over the weekend as Hamas’ top leader delivered a speech. In the UAE, some have openly donned the black-and-white checkered Palestinian keffiyeh on Instagram while others have tweeted under hashtags supportive of Palestinians.
Fight Between Progressives and Biden on Israel Just Starting
Israel has finally agreed to a cease-fire, but this month’s violence has sparked a standoff between congressional liberals and President Joe Biden that is just getting started. On Thursday, after an 11-day military campaign, the Israeli Security Cabinet approved a cease-fire after increasing pressure from the international community and, eventually, Biden. But Biden didn’t start out there. At the beginning of the week, the president made it clear he wasn’t calling for a cease-fire so much as saying he’d support one, if Israel reached that decision.
Last year, the UAE became the first Arab country in over two decades to establish ties with Israel, after Egypt and Jordan in 1979 and 1994, respectively. It was a brazen move that bypassed the Palestinians, who
The UAE's move paved the way for three other countries — Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco — to announce similar pacts with Israel in rapid succession.
Immediately after the UAE formalized ties with Israel in September, a tsunami of state propaganda framed itfor the region.
Among the general Emirati public, there was little to no visible pushback from citizens when their government announced ties with Israel. Fiery nationalistic figures on Twitter with tens of thousands of followers aggressively cheered the pact, and throughout the current conflict have both defended ties with Israel and made posts mocking Palestinian protesters.
Democrats say the Israel-Hamas cease-fire isn't enough to prevent future violence in the region
Democrats have underscored that the tenuous cease-fire doesn't resolve the underlying causes of the violence, and are pressuring Biden to do more.Democratic Sen. Chris Murphy, who sits on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, in a statement said he was "relieved" by the reports of a cease-fire agreement, but added that he's "deeply concerned that without meaningful progress towards a two-state future, the conditions of despair will deepen, further fuel extremism and lead to a tragic renewal of the cycle of violence.
But unlike in Western democracies, a lack of protest in the Gulf does not mean acceptance. In the UAE, political parties are banned and political expression is heavily suppressed.
“The show of support that we saw during the early days of normalization, I think it represents something deeper in Emirati society ... and that is that the vast majority support their government,” Abdulla said. “It was a show of support for the government rather than a show of support for ‘normalization’ as such.”
Mira Al-Hussein, an Emirati PhD candidate at Cambridge University, said Emiratis feel taken care of and valued by their government, which provides citizens with strong social safety nets.
“But that doesn’t mean we feel comfortable by what’s happening around us,” she said.
She changed her Twitter handle in support of Palestinians since the fighting broke out, and has used the platform to slam Israel's policies and highlight the atrocities of the war.
“You don’t sign papers and expect a human catastrophe to go away,” she said of the accord with Israel.
Over the years, there have been changes to school curricula across Gulf Arab states to replace pan-Arab and pan-Islamic ideals with a nationalistic identity that unites people around the flag.
The UAE has been trying to mold public discourse around nationalism and a rejection of youth or Islamic movements, said Kristin Smith Diwan, a scholar at the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington.
Hamas violence meets Gulf silence
Certain Gulf states’ silence on Hamas’s violence is particularly puzzling.At the onset of the crisis, the UAE, Bahrain, Morocco, and Sudan - all of which normalized relations with the Jewish state last year - criticized Israel. Sudan rebuked Israeli moves as "coercive action," the UAE called on Israel to "take responsibility for de-escalation" at the Al-Aqsa mosque, and Morocco's King Mohammed VI noted that Israeli "violations" could "fuel tensions." Bahrain punched the hardest, asking the Israeli government "to stop these rejected provocations against the people of Jerusalem.
“I think the relation with Israel was seen as a way to even cement that further. I don’t know how that’s going to work now,” she said.
Al-Hussein said her younger brother, who is in his 20's, never studied the Arab-Israeli conflict in school. But he “just learned about it today from social media," she said.
For millions of Arabs, social media is the only space where limited freedom of expression is possible. Since the war began, users have been flooded by images of dead Palestinian children
These platforms have also been awash with images of Israeli security forcesat worshippers and protesters in Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, of and of deadly protests across the occupied West Bank.
At least 217 Palestinians have been killed in Gaza, including 61 children and 36 women. More than 1,440 people have been wounded. Twelve people in Israel, including a young boy and a soldier, have been killed in Hamas rocket attacks.
Bader al-Saif, a Kuwait University professor, said “the sheer un-proportionality” of the conflict has pushed many people to speak out across the Gulf.
“For Israelis to feel secure, they need to feel that they are accepted,” al-Saif said. “That feeling of acceptance cannot be complete without them dealing with the Palestinian issue.”
U.K.-based Saudi scholar Madawi Al-Rasheed, a fierce critic of the Saudi government, said despite the kingdom's widespread crackdown on activists — most of whom are steadfast supporters of Palestinian rights — the outrage expressed by many online reveals the gap between theand public sentiment in the streets.
“It shows that despite several years of adopting a normalization discourse in official Saudi media, the pulse of the people is actually not diverted from the Palestinian cause,” she said.
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Trump touted the Abraham Accords as a 'new dawn' for the Middle East. 9 months later, Gaza erupted. .
Trump-era deals normalizing relations between Israel and Arab countries were touted as a step toward peace, but recent violence shows their limit.But the 11-day Israel-Gaza conflict has tested the limits of Trump-era accords that had ushered in a geopolitical shift in the Middle East, promising the of peace.