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World Red Cross Asks Gaza, Israel to Engage in Cease-Fire, Even for 'A Couple of Hours'

12:11  21 may  2021
12:11  21 may  2021 Source:   newsweek.com

Israel Deploying 5,000 Reserve Soldiers Amid Conflict with Gaza Militants

  Israel Deploying 5,000 Reserve Soldiers Amid Conflict with Gaza Militants Amid rising violence, Israel said it would increase its military campaign against militants in Gaza after sending airstrikes into the region on Tuesday morning.The Israeli military said it would send troop reinforcements to the Gaza border, about 5,000 reserve soldiers ordered by the defense minister. Officials said in a statement that Egypt was trying to negotiate a cease-fire.

The International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC) is asking for Israel to engage in a temporary cease-fire with the militant group Hamas in the Gaza Strip even if it is only for "a couple of hours."

A member of the Lebanese Red Cross adds a logo on the protective outfit of a colleague as he gets ready to respond to a COVID-19 emergency call, at the headquarters of the organization in the Lebanese capital Beirut on May 29, 2020. The International Committee for the Red Cross is calling for a temporary cease-fire from Israel amid the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict. © Joseph Eid/AFP via Getty Images A member of the Lebanese Red Cross adds a logo on the protective outfit of a colleague as he gets ready to respond to a COVID-19 emergency call, at the headquarters of the organization in the Lebanese capital Beirut on May 29, 2020. The International Committee for the Red Cross is calling for a temporary cease-fire from Israel amid the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

The head of the ICRC sub-delegation in Gaza, Mirjam Muller, called for a pause in fighting Thursday to allow for "a breather" so people can shop for food, see a doctor if needed and tend to their needs, the Associated Press reported.

Calls mount for Gaza-Israel cease-fire, greater US efforts

  Calls mount for Gaza-Israel cease-fire, greater US efforts The U.N. Security Council and Muslim nations convened emergency meetings Sunday to demand a stop to civilian bloodshed as Israeli warplanes carried out the deadliest single attacks in nearly a week of unrelenting Hamas rocket barrages and Israeli airstrikes. President Joe Biden gave no signs of pressuring Israel to agree to an immediate cease-fire despite new calls from some Democrats for the Biden administration to get more involved. His ambassador to the United Nations, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, told an emergency high-level meeting of the Security Council that the United States was “working tirelessly through diplomatic channels" to stop the fighting.

Amid the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian violence, Muller said people need to safely "have a little bit of time to digest what is happening to them," and a momentary cease-fire "would be really important right now and we are calling for that."

Palestinian Foreign Minister Riad Al-Malki asserted Israel is committing "genocide" against Palestinian families on Thursday as fighting between Israel and Hamas rulers has continued for 11 days so far. The conflict has consisted of Israel firing airstrikes towards Gaza and Palestinian militants employing rocket attacks towards Israel.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

Al-Malki, the top Palestinian diplomat, is urging the international community to protect the Palestinian people until their freedom is assured.

Biden raises cease-fire, civilian toll in call to Netanyahu

  Biden raises cease-fire, civilian toll in call to Netanyahu President Joe Biden expressed support for a cease-fire between Israel and Gaza's militant Hamas rulers in a call to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, but he stopped short of demanding an immediate stop to the eight days of Israeli airstrikes and Hamas rocket barrages that have killed more than 200 people, most of them Palestinian. Biden's carefully worded statement, in a White House readout Monday of his second known call to Netanyahu in three days as the attacks pounded on, came with the administration under pressure to respond more forcefully despite its determination to wrench the U.S. foreign policy focus away from Middle East conflicts.

Al-Malki told Thursday's emergency meeting of the U.N. General Assembly on the conflict between Israel and Gaza's Hamas rulers, that "every country in the world has a responsibility to ensure that peace, justice and freedom prevail."

He urged the assembly to ensure that Israel is held accountable for killing innocent Palestinians and is not provided with arms. He said the presence of a dozen ministers, almost all from Arab and Islamic countries, sends a clear message: "Stop the violence."

The Palestinian minister responded to Israel's claims of acting in self-defense by saying: "How can an occupying power have the right to defend itself when a whole people under occupation is deprived of the very same rights?"

Al-Malki said the Palestinians have informed the Biden administration and the Quartet of Mideast mediators — the United States, the U.N., the European Union and Russia — that "ending occupation against our people and our holy sites should be followed by a political process" that would lead to ending the Israeli occupation of Palestine and its capital."

Israel says it will strike more Hamas tunnels running under Gaza homes, rockets fired from Lebanon

  Israel says it will strike more Hamas tunnels running under Gaza homes, rockets fired from Lebanon Israel's artillery forces will strike Lebanese targets in response to rocket attacks from within Lebanon, its military said Wednesday.Hostilities have spilled out into Jerusalem, the West Bank and Israel, as Palestinian protesters striking in solidarity with Gazans clash with Israeli police, some of the protesters throwing rocks while police respond with tear gas. Many of the demonstrators do not support Hamas, but see the protests as acts of resistance against Israel's occupation of Palestinian territories.

So far in the deadly conflict, Palestinian militants have fired more than 4,000 rockets at Israel from Gaza and Israel has hit the territory with relentless airstrikes in response.

The latest war between Israel and Gaza's Hamas rulers has people in the Gaza Strip staying mostly holed up in their homes or have fled to schools-turned-shelters. Muller says Israeli airstrikes and outgoing rocket attacks by Palestinian militants have been "extremely intense" and that people feel "they can't breathe anymore."

Meanwhile, Israel's defense minister says the military is prepared to expand its campaign against Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip, despite ongoing international efforts to reach a cease-fire.

The minister, Benny Gantz, said on Thursday that Israeli forces are "turning the clock back on Hamas and it won't be able to recover."

He spoke during a tour of Israeli artillery batteries near the Gaza border and said that Israeli troops are operating "with full resolve" and "in a politically responsible manner" as the fighting neared the end of its 11th day.

Israel and Palestinian militant group Hamas agree to a ceasefire

  Israel and Palestinian militant group Hamas agree to a ceasefire Israel and the Palestinian militant group Hamas have agreed to a ceasefire, after more than a week of conflict left hundreds dead, most of them Palestinians. The truce signals an end to the immediate bloodshed, but will likely leave both sides further apart than ever. © Fatima Shbair/Getty Images GAZA CITY, GAZA - MAY 20: Palestinians inspect damage to buildings in Al-Saftawi street northern Gaza City on May 20, 2021 in Gaza City, Gaza. Civilian casualties continue to rise as Israel-Gaza violence entered a tenth day.

The latest, fourth war between Israel and Gaza's militant Hamas rulers erupted on May 10. So far in the conflict, Palestinian militants have fired more than 4,000 rockets at Israel from the Gaza Strip, some hitting deeper in Israeli territory and with greater accuracy than ever before.

Israel has hit the territory with relentless airstrikes, and at least 230 Palestinians have been killed, including 65 children and 39 women. The casualty tolls are from the Gaza Health Ministry, which does not break the numbers down into fighters and civilians.

Due to the heightening of violence, the U.N. chief is urging an immediate cease-fire between Israel and Gaza's Hamas rulers at the start of a U.N. General Assembly emergency meeting.

The session is expected to hear from about 100 speakers, including 12 ministers mainly from Arab and Islamic countries.

Secretary-General Antonio Guterres told Thursday's in-person meeting in the assembly chamber that he and the U.N. Mideast envoy are engaged in "extensive diplomatic efforts" in the region, including with Egypt, Jordan and Qatar, to stop the fighting.

He called on all members of the international community "to do everything in their power to enable the parties to conflict to step back from the brink."

The U.N. chief also called on Israel and Hamas "to allow for mediation efforts to intensify in order to bring the fighting to an end."

How Team Biden orchestrated a shorter war in Gaza

  How Team Biden orchestrated a shorter war in Gaza With lessons learned from earlier Israel-Hamas conflicts, the administration banked on quiet leverage and negotiation to bring a quicker end to hostilities.The last two major conflagrations between Israel and Hamas militants who control the Gaza Strip took place in those years. The 2012 fighting lasted eight days, killing at least 160 Palestinians and six Israelis. Then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton played a key role. The 2014 episode is often described as a war; it lasted some 50 days, killing more than 2,200 Palestinians and over 70 Israelis. John Kerry, Clinton’s successor, was deeply involved in trying to broker a resolution.

Guterres implicitly criticized Israel and Hamas for violating "the laws of war" which ban indiscriminate attacks and attacks against civilians and civilian property as well as attacks on military targets that cause disproportionate civilian casualties. He said "counter-terrorism or self-defense" are not justifications.

He urged Israeli authorities to abide by the laws, "including the proportionate use of force" and called on them "to exercise maximum restraint in the conduct of military operations." He urged Hamas and other militant groups "to stop the indiscriminate launching of rockets and mortars from highly populated civilian neighborhoods into civilian population centers in Israel."

In the U.S., Sen. Bernie Sanders is leading a long-shot effort to halt a $735 million arms sale to Israel as Democrats in the U.S. Congress raise mounting concerns about the violence in the Middle East.

The Vermont senator introduced a resolution on Thursday to block the weapons transfer. A similar measure in the House was introduced by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, a Democrat from New York, and liberal lawmakers on Wednesday.

Sanders says that Congress needs to "take a hard look at whether the sale of these weapons is actually helping do that, or whether it is simply fueling conflict."

Supporters of this effort are unlikely to have the votes needed to reverse the sale, but they're racing the clock to register opposition under a review period that expires this week.

The opposition to what had been a routine transfer of arms shows the increasing unrest on Capitol Hill from key Democrats over Israel's handling of the conflict with Hamas in Gaza.

Democrats say the Israel-Hamas cease-fire isn't enough to prevent future violence in the region

  Democrats say the Israel-Hamas cease-fire isn't enough to prevent future violence in the region Democrats have underscored that the tenuous cease-fire doesn't resolve the underlying causes of the violence, and are pressuring Biden to do more.Democratic Sen. Chris Murphy, who sits on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, in a statement said he was "relieved" by the reports of a cease-fire agreement, but added that he's "deeply concerned that without meaningful progress towards a two-state future, the conditions of despair will deepen, further fuel extremism and lead to a tragic renewal of the cycle of violence.

Some Pakistanis are expressing their backing of Palestinians amid the conflict.

About 200 members of civil society have rallied in Pakistan's southern port city of Karachi, demanding an immediate end to Israel's campaign in the Gaza Strip and violence in the occupied West Bank and east Jerusalem.

The protesters on Thursday chanted slogans against Israel and in support of the Palestinians. Pakistanis are also expected to hold nationwide anti-Israel rallies on Friday, the Muslim day of prayer.

Thursday's rally comes hours after Pakistan's Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi flew to New York to address the U.N. General Assembly to condemn Israel's strikes on Palestine.

Pakistan is among few countries that do not have diplomatic ties with Israel.

In Israel, the country's opposition leader is leveling severe criticism at the government's handling of the war against Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip.

Yesh Atid party leader Yair Lapid wrote on Thursday on Facebook that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government has failed in developing a concrete policy regarding the Gaza Strip, and has jeopardized Israel's relations with the Biden administration with this latest conflict.

Lapid writes: "After 11 days of this operation, every Israeli citizen will ask themselves: What did the government really want to achieve with this military operation? What is its policy and strategic long-term aim concerning Hamas in Gaza?"

Earlier this month, Lapid was tasked with forming a government. That happened less than a week before the outbreak of fighting between Israel and Hamas and after Netanyahu failed to build a governing coalition following the March 23 elections.

Netanyahu has pushed back against calls from the U.S. to wind down the Gaza offensive, appearing determined to inflict maximum damage on Hamas in a war that could help save his political career.

Israel-Hamas ceasefire holds, Egyptian mediators shuttle between the two sides

  Israel-Hamas ceasefire holds, Egyptian mediators shuttle between the two sides Israel-Hamas ceasefire holds, Egyptian mediators shuttle between the two sidesGAZA/JERUSALEM (Reuters) - A ceasefire between Israel and Hamas-led Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip held on Saturday as Egyptian mediators pressed on with talks with the two sides on securing longer-term calm, officials said.

Netanyahu says Iran was behind an armed drone that Israel intercepted after entering its airspace this week.

Netanyahu said during a meeting with visiting German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas in Tel Aviv on Thursday that "Iran sent an armed drone to Israel from Iraq or from Syria" that crossed into Israel from Jordanian airspace before it was intercepted.

Netanyahu told Maas that "while we're fighting on various fronts, the true backer of much of this aggression is Iran," pointing to its support for Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad militant groups.

Netanyahu's remarks came as Israel unleashed another wave of airstrikes across the Gaza Strip early Thursday, killing at least one Palestinian and wounding several. Meanwhile, Hamas fired more rockets, even as expectations rose that a cease-fire could be coming.

In Geneva, Switzerland, the U.N.'s top human rights body said Thursday it will hold a special session next week to address "the grave human rights situation" in Palestinian areas in Gaza, the West Bank and east Jerusalem.

The Human Rights Council will convene the May 27 meeting following a request presented by Pakistan, as coordinator of the Organization for Islamic Cooperation.

The session at the 47-member state body in Geneva paves the way for a day-long debate over the recent deadly violence between Israelis and Palestinians in the Mideast conflict that has raged for decades.

More than 60 states — including member states and observer states — have so far expressed support for the special session, council spokesman Rolando Gomez said.

The U.S., under President Donald Trump, quit the council in mid-2018 — partially over the administration's allegations that the council has an anti-Israel bias. President Joe Biden has returned the U.S. to participation at the council, and the U.S. plans to seek a seat next year.

Israel's ambassador in Geneva, Meirav Eilon Shahar, called on member states to "strongly oppose this meeting."

"The convening of yet another special session by the Human Rights Council targeting Israel is testament to the clear anti-Israel agenda of this body," she wrote on Twitter.

China has also been attentive to the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian violence.

China says it has been "actively engaged in mediation" toward ending the ongoing violence between Israel and the Palestinians.

Special envoy for the Middle East, Zhai Jun, has spoken with officials of the Palestinian and Egyptian foreign ministries and will also speak with representatives of Israel, Russia, the United Nations, the European Union and other parties, Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian told reporters on Thursday.

Zhao said the envoy was calling for an immediate ceasefire, strengthening assistance to Palestine, and reiterating (China's) firm commitment to the two-state solution."

He said Beijing would like to host negotiations between the two sides in China and is willing to provide humanitarian and other types of assistance to the Palestinian side "within its capabilities."

China has long been a strong supporter of the Palestinian cause but also maintains robust ties with Israel. The country has criticized the U.S. for blocking the adoption of a United Nations resolution calling for an end to the fighting in Gaza.

In Germany, Chancellor Angela Merkel says that "indirect contacts" with the Hamas militant group, such as those maintained by some Arab countries, are necessary to defuse the situation in the Middle East.

Speaking in Berlin as her foreign minister visited Israel and the West Bank on Thursday, Merkel downplayed how much Germany alone can do to help defuse the situation.

Merkel said at an event organized by WDR public television: "Everything we are doing, and the foreign minister is doing, must be seen in the context of American efforts and the efforts of other European states." She added: "I don't think we alone will be the decisive factor there, but we can make a contribution" along with the U.S., other Europeans and Britain.

Germany has placed the blame for the latest war in the Middle East squarely on Hamas and what it calls the group's "rocket terror."

Asked whether she would back someone speaking with the group, Merkel replied: "Of course there have to be indirect contacts with Hamas. Egypt speaks to Hamas and so do other Arab countries."

She added that Egypt is a "very, very important quantity" in cease-fire efforts and "that can't be done without any contact with Hamas -- it doesn't always have to be done directly. But of course Hamas has to be involved in a certain way, because without Hamas there is no cease-fire."

Germany's foreign minister says his visit to the Mideast is intended as a show of solidarity with Israeli and Palestinian civilians suffering from the latest eruption of conflict, and part an effort to push for a cease-fire and resumption of peace talks.

Heiko Maas said ahead of his departure Thursday that "Germany stands unconditionally to its friendship with Israel, which must defend itself against the rocket terror by Hamas."

He said that Palestinians can also rely on his country's humanitarian support even in difficult times.

Maas, who plans to meet the Israeli president, foreign minister and defense minister, as well as the Palestinian prime minister, during his one day trip, said the international community must find a way to help end the violence.

He called for talks on a path back to peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians "even if they seem miles away at the moment."

Maas said he hoped the Mideast Quartet comprising the U.S., Russia, the European Union and the United Nations could play an "active role" in seeking a peaceful solution to the conflict soon.

Meanwhile, the U.S. opposes a draft U.N. Security Council resolution calling for a cease-fire in the conflict between Israel and Gaza's Hamas rulers. The U.S. says it could interfere with the Biden administration's efforts to end the hostilities.

France drafted the resolution after the U.S. earlier blocked at least four attempts to have the council issue a press statement calling for an end to hostilities.

A press statement requires agreement by all 15 council members. A resolution only requires at least nine "yes" votes and no veto by the U.S. or any of the four other permanent members.

A French spokesman had said "very intense discussions" were taking place Wednesday with the U.S. on the proposed resolution.

But the U.S. Mission to the U.N. said later "that we will not support actions that we believe undermine efforts to de-escalate."

The U.N. agency for Palestinian refugees is urgently appealing for $38 million for emergency needs in Gaza as a result of conflict between Israel and the territory's Hamas rulers.

The U.N. Relief and Works Agency said Wednesday that it is already responding to the humanitarian needs of refugees and non-refugees, including tens of thousands of people who have sought safety in the agency's schools and emergency shelters.

The agency says the $38 million is needed for an initial 30-day period to respond to a variety of immediate needs in Gaza including food, health care, psychological services, and water and sanitation. It also includes emergency needs in the West Bank, including east Jerusalem, for health care, shelter, education, security and protection.

In Beirut, Lebanon, the leader the Palestinian Islamic Jihad group says militant factions in Gaza went into the latest battle with Israel knowing it will be "costly but also knowing that it is the only road to freedom and to protect Jerusalem."

Ziad Nakhaleh said in a televised speech from Beirut on Wednesday that neither nuclear weapons, warplanes nor peace agreements with some Arab states could bring Israelis security and peace.

He added that militant groups in Gaza have "made miracles that you can see with your own eyes and you live them every moment when you run to shelters."

Nakhaleh was referring to thousands of missiles and rockets that Gaza militants have fired toward Israel.

Nakhaleh said that after Israel's moves that threatened the eviction of dozens of Palestinian families by Jewish settlers in east Jerusalem, "we were in front of two choices, to surrender and to give them everything or fight them over everything."

Israel's Foreign Ministry says foreign ministers from Germany, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia will arrive in Israel on Thursday.

The ministry said in a statement Wednesday that the diplomats were invited by Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi "to express their solidarity and support" for Israel during its campaign against Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip.

The visit comes as Israel faces mounting international pressure to de-escalate hostilities after 10 days of heavy fighting between Israelis and Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.

Netanyahu says he is "determined to continue this operation until its aim is met," despite U.S. President Joe Biden's call for a de-escalation of hostilities in Gaza.

In a statement from his office Wednesday, Netanyahu said that he "greatly appreciates the support of the American president," but said Israel will push ahead "to return the calm and security to you, citizens of Israel."

Earlier, Biden called for "significant de-escalation" by day's end from Netanyahu after 10 days of heavy fighting between Israel and Hamas in Gaza.

An Egyptian diplomat says some of the country's top officials are waiting for Israel's response to a cease-fire offer, and that they expect amendments to their proposal.

He says they hope France's increasing efforts could spur the U.S. to exert its influence on Israel and Netanyahu to agree to stop the fighting as soon as possible.

He added that if that doesn't happen, there are some discussions among Arab and Islamic nations, along with China, to put the issue before the U.N. General Assembly in an effort to bypass the Security Council and the U.S.'s veto power there.

The diplomat spoke on condition of anonymity in line with regulations.

Egypt has been trying to broker a cease-fire between neighboring Israel and Hamas, as it is one of a handful of countries that maintains official ties with both.

EDS NOTE: GRAPHIC CONTENT - Palestinian 10 year-old girl Layan Muhareb receives medical treatment of her wounds caused by an Israeli airstrike in the town of Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip, Thursday, May 20, 2021. Yousef Masoud/AP Photo © Yousef Masoud/AP Photo EDS NOTE: GRAPHIC CONTENT - Palestinian 10 year-old girl Layan Muhareb receives medical treatment of her wounds caused by an Israeli airstrike in the town of Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip, Thursday, May 20, 2021. Yousef Masoud/AP Photo

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Israel-Hamas ceasefire holds, Egyptian mediators shuttle between the two sides .
Israel-Hamas ceasefire holds, Egyptian mediators shuttle between the two sidesGAZA/JERUSALEM (Reuters) - A ceasefire between Israel and Hamas-led Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip held on Saturday as Egyptian mediators pressed on with talks with the two sides on securing longer-term calm, officials said.

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