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World The world's most livable cities in 2021

09:45  09 june  2021
09:45  09 june  2021 Source:   cnn.com

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The impact of Covid-19 on global livability has been absolutely devastating.

a bench next to a body of water with a city in the background: A pedestrian walks past a marina as the Sky Tower and other buildings stand in the background in Auckland, New Zealand, on Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. New Zealands economy will endure a shallower recession than previously expected but the coronavirus pandemic will have a longer impact on the countrys finances, according to government projections. Photographer: Brendon O'Hagan/Bloomberg via Getty Images © Brendon O'Hagan/Bloomberg/Getty Images A pedestrian walks past a marina as the Sky Tower and other buildings stand in the background in Auckland, New Zealand, on Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. New Zealands economy will endure a shallower recession than previously expected but the coronavirus pandemic will have a longer impact on the countrys finances, according to government projections. Photographer: Brendon O'Hagan/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Well over a year into the pandemic, ongoing health crises, border closures and lockdowns are continuing to affect millions of people around the world.

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But some destinations have fared much better than others in managing the virus, meaning those who live there were able to get back to some semblance of normal life reasonably early on.

New Zealand has been significantly praised for its handling of the crisis so it's perhaps no surprise that one of its cities has been named the world's most livable city for 2021.

Auckland came out on top on The Economist Intelligence Unit's Global Liveability Index of 140 cities around the world thanks to its success in containing the pandemic quickly, enabling restrictions to be lifted early on.

a group of people walking on a beach: Perth was one of four Australian cities that featured in the top 10. © Paul Kane/Getty Images Perth was one of four Australian cities that featured in the top 10.

The annual list did not go ahead in 2020, but Austria's Vienna, number one in both 2018 and 2019, has completely dropped out of the top 10 after being heavily effected by Covid, and now sits in 12th place.

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Down Under dominance

New Zealand's capital Wellington was fourth on this year's list, tying with Japan's Tokyo, and four cities of Australia, where tough border controls have been in place throughout the crisis, occupy the top 10.

Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane came in third, sixth and 10th place respectively, while Melbourne tied with Switzerland's Geneva at number eight.

"The cities that have risen to the top of the rankings this year are largely the ones that have taken stringent measures to contain the pandemic," Upasana Dutt from The Economist Intelligence Unit said in a statement.

a group of people sitting on a bench in front of a building: Austria's Vienna, which was number one for two years running, has dropped to 12th place. © JOE KLAMAR/AFP via Getty Images Austria's Vienna, which was number one for two years running, has dropped to 12th place.

"New Zealand's tough lockdown allowed their society to reopen and enabled citizens of cities like Auckland and Wellington to enjoy a lifestyle that looked similar to pre-pandemic life."

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a group of people sitting in front of a building: Japanese city Osaka has jumped up two places, and is now ranked as the second most livable city in the world. © Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images Japanese city Osaka has jumped up two places, and is now ranked as the second most livable city in the world.

Meanwhile, Tokyo wasn't the only Japanese city near the top of the list. Osaka, which was number four in 2019, has moved up to second place.

Although Asia-Pacific cities seem to have excelled, Canada, which had three cities, Calgary, Vancouver and Toronto near the top two years ago, has dropped out of the top 10 entirely. At number 16, Vancouver is the highest Canadian city on the list.

Perhaps unsurprisingly, the overall global average livability score has dropped by seven points when compared with figures before the pandemic.

The index takes into account more than 30 qualitative and quantitative factors spanning five broad categories: stability (25%), healthcare (20%), culture and environment (25%), education (10%), and infrastructure (20%).

While the categories were not amended this year, a number of indicators were taken into account, such as stress on healthcare resources and restrictions on local sporting events, when calculating scores for the healthcare, culture and environment, and education categories.

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However, the way in which each city handled the pandemic, how quickly vaccines were rolled out and the level of border restrictions put in place has led to major changes in the rankings.

Healthcare impact

"The Covid-19 pandemic has taken a heavy toll on global livability," adds Dutt. "Cities across the world are now much less liveable than they were before the pandemic began, and we've seen that regions such as Europe have been hit particularly hard."

In Europe, Germany saw the biggest drops in ranking, particularly the city of Hamburg, which fell 34 places to 47th on the list.

But despite some social restrictions still being in place in Switzerland, the Central European country has seen two its cities move up, with Zurich and Geneva rising from 11th and 14th to seventh and eighth place.

Overall healthcare scores have also dropped due to the pandemic, with Czech Republic's Prague, Greece's Athens and Indonesia's Jakarta, where case numbers were rising at the time the survey was conducted, scoring significantly lower than in previous years.

In comparison, Spanish cities Barcelona and Madrid performed well in the healthcare category, gaining almost 25 points due to their health systems experiencing less strain when compared with the early wave of Covid-19 in 2020.

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Hawaii's capital city Honolulu also upped its healthcare score, with an increase of 33 points as a result of reducing Covid case numbers and good vaccination rates.

In fact, Honolulu was one of the biggest movers on the 2021 list, rising 46 places to number 14. Houston has jumped 25 spots to number 31, a rise likely connected to Texas being among the first US states to lift restrictions on public spaces.

Deteriorating conditions

But while there have been many significant differences towards the top, very little has changed at the bottom of the list.

While Damascus sits in last place once again "as the effects of the civil war in Syria continue to take their toll," it's closely followed by Nigeria's Lagos, Papua New Guinea's Port Moresby and Bangladesh's Dhaka, which were all in either similar or identical spots in 2019.

These cities have consistently performed badly over the years due to the instability caused by ongoing civil unrest and military conflicts, amongst other issues.

According to the report, conditions here have deteriorated even further in the past 12 months, especially when it comes to healthcare, due to Covid-19.

Although successful vaccination rollouts and the easing of restrictions in various countries has raised hopes, the pandemic is continuing to rage on, with India currently in the midst of a deadly outbreak.

"Conditions in the poorest cities are likely to deteriorate further, should cities fail to get the vaccines they need to prevent the spread of new Covid-19 variants," reads the report. "Weak healthcare systems could come under greater strain, as they have in India."

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This ultimately means we're likely to see more significant changes to the annual list come 2022, with some of the cities that have dropped down possibly regaining their former positions.

"The pace of recovery of livability in most regions will be determined by how effectively the health risks of the pandemic can be controlled, through a combination of vaccination, testing, tracing and quarantine measures," the report continues.

"Barring huge setbacks, such as the emergence of vaccine-resistant variants, scores for culture and environment should improve."

The world's most livable cities 2021

1. Auckland, New Zealand

2. Osaka, Japan

3. Adelaide, Australia

4. Wellington, New Zealand

4. Tokyo, Japan

6. Perth, Australia

7. Zurich, Switzerland

8. Geneva, Switzerland

8. Melbourne, Australia

10. Brisbane, Australia

The world's least livable cities 2021

1. Damascus, Syria

2. Lagos, Nigeria

3. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

4. Dhaka, Bangladesh

5. Algiers, Algeria

6. Tripoli, Libya

7. Karachi, Pakistan

8. Harare, Zimbabwe

9. Douala, Cameroon

10. Caracas, Venezuela

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