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World cards. End of Operation Barkhane: Where are the French soldiers in the world?

16:10  11 june  2021
16:10  11 june  2021 Source:   ouest-france.fr

Macron to reduce French military troops in Africa's Sahel

  Macron to reduce French military troops in Africa's Sahel PARIS (AP) — French President Emmanuel Macron on Thursday announced the future reduction of France’s military presence fighting Islamic extremism in Africa’s Sahel region. In a news conference, Macron spoke about the “profound transformation" of France’s military operation in Mali and neighboring countries — without giving a timeframe. France's Operation Barkhane will formally end, he said, and will be replaced by another mission focused on fighting Islamic extremists that relies more on regional partners.

Les militaires du 11e régiment d’artillerie de marine, basé à Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier (Ille-et-Vilaine), participent régulièrement à des opérations extérieures. © Archives The military of the 11th Marine Artillery Regiment, based in Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier (Ille-et-Vilaine), regularly participate in external operations.

The French soldiers will soon be less numerous in the Sahel and Operation Barkhane will take "end as an external operation," announced Emmanuel Macron on Thursday, June 10th. Before this partial withdrawal, overview of the French military presence in the world.

More than 30,000. It is the number of soldiers engaged around the world to insure "the protection of the French, France and its interests" and contribute to international security, 24 hours a day , 7 days out of 7 ", summarizes the ministry of the armies.

Operation Barkhane: France declares end to anti-terror military mission in Sahel

  Operation Barkhane: France declares end to anti-terror military mission in Sahel France is to end its years-long anti-terror mission targeting Islamists in the Sahel region of West Africa, French President Emmanuel Macron announced Thursday. © Daphne Benoit/AFP/Getty Images A French armoured vehicle drives by the Mount Hombori on March 27, 2019, in Mali's Gourma region as part of France's Operation Barkhane. However, the mission, known as Operation Barkhane, will be replaced by a more international effort, Macron told a press conference ahead of the G7 summit. He added that additional details would be announced "in the weeks to come.

Two-thirds of these soldiers are actually based ... in France. 13,000 soldiers are deployed on the metropolitan territory, including currently 3,000 for the needs of the Sentinel Operation , deployed after the attacks of January 2015. If the terrorist threat was evolving, about 4,000 military may be deployed in a few days, including 1,000 in less than 48 hours, depending on the staff.

In addition, some 7,000 soldiers are engaged in the forces of sovereignty, on land, at sea and in the air.

Two zones of conflict

out of our borders, the French soldiers currently intervene on two conflict zones: the Levant and the Sahel. In Syria and Iraq, 600 soldiers from Operation Chammal Track Daech with Iraqi forces, of which they provide training. From Mauritania to Chad to Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger, 5,100 French participate in Operation Barkhane, who will not be soon more external operation, "said Emmanuel Macron , Thursday, June 10.

Mali: The soldiers of the MINUSMA apprehend the withdrawal of Barkhane

 Mali: The soldiers of the MINUSMA apprehend the withdrawal of Barkhane © Michele Cattani / AFP vehicle of the blue helmets of the Minusma between Mopti and Djenné, in the center of Mali, April 28, 2019 (picture of illustration). in Mali, the mandate of the UN mission must be renewed by the end of the month, there is no change in the format of this peacekeeping operation, but the announcement of the end of The French Operation Barkhane is in all heads.

France, which has on the spot of 500 armored vehicles, 400 logistics vehicles, seven hunting planes and twenty helicopters, is not alone in the face of jihadists. She relies on G5 Sahel soldiers and several European allies.

Read also: Sahel. The end of Operation Barkhane does not announce the end of the French presence

Cooperation Agreement and Coalitions

elsewhere in Africa and the Middle East, 3,750 French soldiers "honor defense agreements as close to the homes of Crisis ", according to the Ministry of the Armies. In Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Djibouti and the United Arab Emirates, these forces of presence form local armies and lead actions "to ensure stability" in these areas.

France also participates in several coalitions. 740 Blue helmets are in Lebanon, Sahara, Mali, Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of Congo under the aegis of the United Nations. 400 French soldiers are based in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania for NATO and 150 are stationed in Central African Republic, Mali, Tunisia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of agreements with the European Union.

Finally, up to 4,000 soldiers participate in maritime missions, Atlantic, the Gulf of Guinea or the Arab-Persian Gulf. Only the number of soldiers engaged in the nuclear deterrence force remains unknown.

France halts joint military operations with Mali over coup .
France said Thursday it will suspend joint military operations with Malian forces after the country's second coup in nine months, "awaiting guarantees" that civilians will return to positions of power. The decision comes after Mali's military strongman Assimi Goita, who led last year's coup, ousted the country' civilian transitional president and prime minister last week in what French leader Emmanuel Macron has called a "coup d'etat in anThe decision comes after Mali's military strongman Assimi Goita, who led last year's coup, ousted the country' civilian transitional president and prime minister last week in what French leader Emmanuel Macron has called a "coup d'etat in an unacceptable coup d

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