World Ethiopia PM denies reports of hunger in Tigray
Exclusive-UN official accuses Eritrean forces of deliberately starving Tigray
Exclusive-UN official accuses Eritrean forces of deliberately starving TigrayADIGRAT/ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (Reuters) - The northern highlands of Ethiopia became a global byword for famine in the mid-1980s, when drought and conflict combined to create a disaster that killed as many as one million people. Now hunger is stalking the Tigray region again, and a senior UN official alleges that starvation is being used as a weapon of war.
Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has denied that there is hunger in the country's war-torn Tigray region.
Speaking at a polling station on the day of the country's general election, Mr Abiy admitted there was a problem but said the government could fix it.
The fighting, which the UN says has left five million people in need of food aid, is now in its eighth month.
More than 350,000 of them are living in famine conditions in Tigray,
"There is no hunger in Tigray," Mr Abiy told the BBC after he had voted. "There is a problem and the government is capable of fixing that."
Last week, the UN's humanitarian chief, Mark Lowcock, told a closed session of the Security Council that there was famine in Tigray.
G7 calls for access to famine-hit Ethiopian region
The Ethiopian region has been devastated by fighting between rebels and government forces.The world's seven largest so-called advanced economies also demanded an immediate ceasefire and the withdrawal of Eritrean troops.
He also said that starvation was being used as a weapon of war by troops from neighbouring Eritrea who are fighting alongside Ethiopian forces in Tigray. Eritrea has denied the accusation.
Mr Abiy said Ethiopia would not push the Eritreans out but was working with them to "finalise... issues peacefully".
A study released on 10 June by the UN-backed Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) initiative found that 350,000 people were living in what it described as "catastrophe/famine".
At the time, Ethiopia denied that this was the case.
A further five million people were either in "crisis" or "emergency", the study said.
Ethiopian elections: Key states in regional structure
Ethiopia's national elections will draw in voters from seven of 10 semi-autonomous regions, highlighting the country's rich history and striking diversity. The regional system dates back to the early 1990s and was designed to allow for ethnic self-rule. From the mountains of northern Tigray to the savannah of Ethiopia's south, the regions feature distinct landscapes and languages -- and their own tensions that will shape the outcome of balloting. © GULSHAN KHAN DOromo nationalists denounce Abiy as a poor champion of their interests.
The Ethiopian authorities have said that they are distributing food aid and denied reports that they are restricting access to humanitarian agencies.
'Nothing to eat'
People in Qafta Humera, an isolated district in the west of Tigray, told the BBC earlier this month that they were on the verge of starvation.
"We don't have anything to eat," one man said by phone, explaining their crops and livestock had been looted during months of war.
The conflict, which began in November last year, has forced hundreds of thousands to flee their homes and disrupted agriculture.
Ethiopia's government launched an offensive to oust the region's then ruling party, the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF).
The party had had a massive fallout with Mr Abiy over his political reforms though the TPLF's capture of federal military bases in Tigray was the catalyst for the invasion.
Ethiopia envoy: Eritrean troops in Tigray will `leave soon'
UNITED NATIONS (AP) — Ethiopia’s U.N. ambassador said Tuesday that Eritrean troops who have been fighting with his country’s forces in a war against the Tigray region’s fugitive leaders “will definitely leave soon,” a move that would be welcomed by many including the United Nations whose humanitarian chief accused the Eritreans of using starvation as “a weapon of war.” The war in Tigray was the subject of an informal closed meeting of the U.N. Security Council where aid chief Mark Lowcock warned that over 350,000 people were in famine conditions, with deaths from starvation already reported and Ethiopia’s U.N.
'Sudanese troops in Tigray'
Ethiopia has allied with neighbouring Eritrea, whose troops have crossed the border and have been accused of human rights violations, including deliberately causing the lack of food - charges it denies.
Ethiopian soldiers and others involved in the conflict have also been accused of violations.
In March, Mr Abiy said that the Eritrean soldiers "will withdraw" without specifying when.
At the beginning of this month his spokesperson said reports from the defence ministry indicated they had begun withdrawing.
"We are not pushing them out but we are making it peacefully, I am sure it will happen," Mr Abiy told the BBC.
"We are working with [Eritrea] to finalise our issues peacefully."
He also said that Sudanese troops were in Tigray but did not explain in what capacity.
Monday's general election is the first electoral test for the prime minister who came to power in 2018 as the nominee of the then-ruling coalition.
His reforming zeal, which saw the country become more open and democratic, won him supporters both inside and outside the country.
He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019 after ending a 20-year stalemate with Eritrea.
But the conflict in Tigray has soured his reputation.
Voting is not taking place there because of the insecurity.
Aid group MSF 'horrified' as colleagues murdered in Ethiopia .
NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — The medical charity Doctors Without Borders says it is “horrified by the brutal murder” of three colleagues in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, the latest attack on humanitarian workers helping civilians in the deadly conflict there. A statement by the aid group, also known by its French acronym MSF, says two Ethiopian colleagues and one from Spain were found dead on Friday, a day after colleagues lost contact with them while they were traveling.“This morning the vehicle was found empty and a few meters away, their lifeless bodies,” the statement said.