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World Lead 1-Nord Stream 2-Berlin SanciNera Moscow In case of abuse, says Washington

05:15  22 july  2021
05:15  22 july  2021 Source:   rfi.fr

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USA-GERMANY / NORTH STREAM 2 (Lead 1, Photo): Lead 1-Nord Stream 2-Berlin sanctions Moscow in case of abuse , said Washington

(updated all along with joint communiqué, details)

by Andrea Shalal and Simon Lewis

Washington, July 21 (Reuters) - the United States and Germany unveiled Wednesday a pact for the North Stream pipeline 2 In which Berlin is committed to responding with sanctions to any attempt by Russia to use energy as a weapon against Ukraine or other European countries.

This sealed agreement between Washington and Berlin aims to resolve their strategic dispute on North Stream 2, funded by the Russian Gazprom Gazier Gazier and in which the United States see a way for Russia to increase its economic and political influence on the Europe by making it more dependent on its gas.

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North Stream 2, whose work is 98% finalized, would allow Moscow to provide Germany twice as much gas than at present while bypassing Ukraine, depriving it important revenue transit.

If strong opposition remains in the United States about the pipeline, the administration of US President Joe Biden has chosen not to completely bury the project by imposing unilateral sanctions.

Washington has favored the negotiation of a pact with Germany with the aim of preventing Russia from using energy as a political weapon to harm Ukraine or other countries in the region.

"The United States and Germany are united in their determination that Russia makes accounts for its aggression and malicious activities, imposing costs through sanctions and other tools," said the two country in a joint statement.

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  Russia Says It Became an Enemy of the U.S. a Decade Ago Moscow's envoy to Washington, D.C, Anatoly Antonov, accused the U.S. of using Ukraine as a "tool" to pressure the Kremlin.In a TV interview, Anatoly Antonov also criticized the Biden administration's approach to the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, the critics of which fear will give Moscow a strategic advantage.

Kiev launches Diplomatic consultations

If Russia tries to "use energy such as a weapon or commit additional aggression against Ukraine", is it added to the document, Germany will take action and will press for the European Union to do the same, particularly with sanctions, "to limit Russia's export capabilities to Europe in the energy sector".

It is added that the German-American commitment is "designed to ensure that Russia will not divert the use of any pipeline, including northern stream 2, for aggressive political purposes using energy such as a weapon" .

As part of their Covenant, Washington and Berlin support a 10-year extension of the Russia-Ukraine Gas Transit Agreement to expire in 2024, while it is an important source of revenue for Kiev.

Ukraine has announced in the day having started official consultations with the European Union and Germany about North Stream 2, denouncing a safe threat to the country and for Europe.

Baerbock criticizes agreement to North Stream 2 - Laschet Welcomes

 Baerbock criticizes agreement to North Stream 2 - Laschet Welcomes the Chancellor's Counters Annalena Baerbock (Greens) and Armin Laschet (CDU) Rate the agreement between Germany and the US government for gas pipeline Nord Stream 2 different: Baerbock criticized the agreement On Thursday, Laschet welcomed them. "This joint statement is not a solution - especially not for the security of Ukraine," said Baerbock of the "Frankfurter General Zeitung". We said the "world": "The agreement corresponds to my attitude." © Tobias Schwarz The Chancellor candidate Annalen

In Berlin, the German government said that Chancellor Angela Merkel had maintained Wednesday by phone with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

"Energy issues with the gas transit via Ukraine and the North Stream 2 gas pipeline has been part of the topics of discussion", is it indicated in a statement.

Upstream of the presentation of the Covenant, a high representative of the US State Department said that Germany would grow in favor of the extension of the Gas Transit Agreement linking Russia and Ukraine.

Speaking before a Senate Commission in Washington, Victoria Zenand also highlighted the US will to work to "reduce the dependence of Ukraine with Russian gas", whether they are transit funds or the own dependence of Kiev vis-à-vis these deliveries. (Report Andrea Shalal, Simon Lewis, Arshad Mohammed, David Brunnstrom and Jonathan Landay in Washington, Andreas Rinke and Thomas Escritt in Berlin; French version Jean Terzian)

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