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World China shows off defence diplomacy with multinational peacekeeping drill

09:55  15 september  2021
09:55  15 september  2021 Source:   reuters.com

United Nations Attacks Fast Facts

  United Nations Attacks Fast Facts Read CNN's Fast Facts and learn about violence against UN peacekeeping forces. This is a selected list of incidents from 1990 to present. FactsSince 1948, the United Nations has authorized more than 70 peacekeeping missions around the globe. There are currently 12 peacekeeping operations. Since 1948, at least 4,128 peacekeepers have been killed in operations.As of July 31, 2021, there are approximately 87,814 peacekeeping personnel from 121 countries.Timeline1993 - At least 16 peacekeepers are killed in Cambodia, allegedly by Khmer Rouge guerrillas.

China 's armed forces concluded their first multinational peacekeeping exercise on Wednesday, showing off their combat prowess with drones and mine-clearing robots while seeking to project a more benign image. Pakistan soldiers take part in a multinational U.N. peacekeeping military exercise with troops of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA), Mongolia and Thailand, on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China September 15, 2021. REUTERS/Carlos Garcia Rawlins.

Chinese producers were dealt a fresh blow on Monday as Steelhome reported that Yunnan province, one of the largest aluminum producing provinces in the Asian nation, will enforce production curbs from this month in an effort to meet energy intensity reduction goals. Smelters in the European Union are also facing rising costs with both carbon credits and power inputs at record highs, Goldman Sachs Group Inc. said. China shows off defence diplomacy with multinational peacekeeping drill .

By Yew Lun Tian

a truck is parked in the grass: U.N. peacekeeping military exercise on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China © Reuters/CARLOS GARCIA RAWLINS U.N. peacekeeping military exercise on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China

QUESHAN, China (Reuters) - China's armed forces concluded their first multinational peacekeeping exercise on Wednesday, showing off their combat prowess with drones and mine-clearing robots while seeking to project a more benign image.

a helicopter flying over a field: U.N. peacekeeping military exercise on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China © Reuters/CARLOS GARCIA RAWLINS U.N. peacekeeping military exercise on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China

As the Asian giant modernises and beefs up its military by pumping hundreds of billions of dollars annually into its defence budget, it has also strived to assure other countries that its military is a force for good, not a threat.

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China will probably send only peacekeeping , anti-piracy, and humanitarian relief personnel to the drill , a Chinese analyst says.

China completes registration of 8,000-strong UN peacekeeping force, defence ministry says. Expanded unit fulfils pledge made by Xi Jinping, and will give soldiers chance to experience real-life combat situations, military watchers say. China last week completed the registration of a UN standby peacekeeping force comprising 8,000 troops from infantry, helicopter and transport units. Photo: Xinhua.

About 1,000 troops from China, Pakistan, Mongolia and Thailand participated in the 10-day exercise at a People's Liberation Army training base in Queshan county in the central province of Henan, though most of the soldiers appeared to be Chinese.

a group of people posing for the camera: U.N. peacekeeping military exercise on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China © Reuters/CARLOS GARCIA RAWLINS U.N. peacekeeping military exercise on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China

The exercise, codenamed "Shared Destiny 2021", underscored China's position as a "staunch defender of world peace and international order", Senior Colonel Lu Jianxin, a Chinese military expert on peacekeeping, told reporters at the base.

The soldiers, in front of a small group of journalists, enacted clashes between terrorists and peacekeepers in the strife-torn fictitious country of Carana.

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China has been ramping up its military pressure against the island it claims as “sacred” Chinese territory, hoping to force the democratically elected government to accept Beijing’s sovereignty, including with repeated exercises near Taiwan. Taiwan’s air force scrambles almost daily to intercept Chinese aircraft Tsai, re-elected by a landslide last year on a pledge to stand up to China , has made modernising Taiwan’s mainly US-equipped military a priority, turning it into a “porcupine”, both highly mobile and hard to attack. A US-made E2K Early Warning Aircraft takes off from a road in Pingtung.

6 (Xinhua) -- "Shared Destiny-2021," an international peacekeeping drill , kicked off Monday in central China 's Henan Province. It is the first time the Chinese military organized such drill , with the participation of troops from countries including China , Mongolia, Pakistan and Thailand. Scheduled to run through Sept. 15, the drill aimed to promote pragmatic cooperation among countries contributing troops to United Nations peacekeeping and boost the capability of peacekeeping standby forces.

The exercise was based on a 2016 incident in Mali when Chinese peacekeepers were attacked and one of them was killed.

The troops also reenacted a scene based on another 2016 incident in South Sudan, when peacekeepers had to protect civilians caught up in fighting between factions.

In another scenario, drones buzzed the battlefield to spot bombs, which when found were disposed of by robots. Drones also doubled up as loudspeakers and released multi-coloured leaflets to urge people to stop fighting.

The exercise was also a showcase for Chinese military hardware. The foreign troops trained with Chinese weapons and other equipment.

a group of men on a field: U.N. peacekeeping military exercise on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China © Reuters/CARLOS GARCIA RAWLINS U.N. peacekeeping military exercise on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China

"The use of Chinese equipment by foreign troops can be touted as a sign of enhanced military interoperability ... and also for the purpose of marketing them to foreign militaries," said Collin Koh, a defence research fellow with Singapore's Rajaratnam School of International Studies.

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China is hosting the "Shared Destiny-2021" UN peacekeeping field training exercise from September 6 until September 15. Troops from China , Mongolia, Pakistan and Thailand are taking part. The exercise involves infantry, quick reaction forces and helicopters and encompasses engineering, transportation, and medical services. The first multinational peacekeeping live exercise hosted by the Chinese military kicked off in Central China on Monday, with training on subjects including reconnaissance, patrol, armed escort, anti-terrorist attack and battlefield rescue to be held in the coming 10 days.

defence diplomacy in the region can actually lead to concrete results, be it preventive. diplomacy to head off conflicts, dispute settling mechanisms to thwart the escalation of. conflicts, or even the establishment of a Deustchian security community wherein war and the. Building on a theoretical discussion of whether defence diplomacy works, the case of peacekeeping in Southeast Asia is analysed to illustrate how defence diplomatic activities produce effects contrary to their stated aims.

a group of people playing a game of baseball: U.N. peacekeeping military exercise on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China © Reuters/CARLOS GARCIA RAWLINS U.N. peacekeeping military exercise on the outskirts of Zhumadian, Henan province, China

China has repeatedly sought to dispel worries in neighbouring countries and further afield about its military intentions, even as it drills regularly near Chinese-claimed Taiwan and in the disputed South China Sea.

China takes prides in being the largest contributor of peacekeeping troops among major powers as represented by the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council.

As the second largest financial contributor, China footed 15% of the total expenses for U.N. peacekeeping operations in 2020.

Since 1990, it has sent 50,000 troops to participate in 25 peacekeeping missions globally, built or fixed 17,000 km (10,600 miles) of roads and more than 300 bridges, and removed 18,000 mined, said expert Lu.

(Reporting by Yew Lun Tian; Editing by Ben Blanchard, Robert Birsel)

China's aggression led to the formation of a new trilateral security pact, says defense expert .
The U.S., the U.K. and Australia formed a trilateral security partnership as China grows its military might and influence in the Indo-Pacific region.The the new partnership, announced on Wednesday, seeks to strengthen stability in Indo-Pacific. The U.S. and U.K. will assist Australia in acquiring nuclear-powered submarines, which will allow the Australian navy to help counter Chinese nuclear-powered vessels in the region.

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