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World How Submarine Power of U.S., Allies and Rivals Compare

19:35  16 september  2021
19:35  16 september  2021 Source:   newsweek.com

'Indissoluble bonds': Nuclear submarine deal fortifies U.S.-Australia security ties against economic pressure from China

  'Indissoluble bonds': Nuclear submarine deal fortifies U.S.-Australia security ties against economic pressure from China Australia’s decision to acquire nuclear submarine technology from the United States and the United Kingdom helps ensure that security ties between the three powers will withstand China’s economic influence. © Provided by Washington Examiner “There are only six nations capable of fielding nuclear-powered submarines: ourselves, the other permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, and India,” U.K. national security adviser Stephen Lovegrove said Thursday. “Australia will become the seventh, representing a significant commitment to peace and stability in the region ...

The decision by the United States and Britain to join hands in helping Australia deliver its first nuclear-powered submarine fleet has highlighted the urgency of America and its allies to respond to China's growing maritime presence in the Indo-Pacific.

a large ship in a body of water: File: A Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy submarine participates in a naval parade to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the founding of China's navy near Qingdao, Shandong, on April 23, 2019.   - China celebrated the 70th anniversary of its navy by showing off its growing fleet in a sea parade featuring a brand new guided-missile destroyer. (Photo by Mark Schiefelbein / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read /) © MARK SCHIEFELBEIN/AFP via Getty Images File: A Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy submarine participates in a naval parade to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the founding of China's navy near Qingdao, Shandong, on April 23, 2019. - China celebrated the 70th anniversary of its navy by showing off its growing fleet in a sea parade featuring a brand new guided-missile destroyer. (Photo by Mark Schiefelbein / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read /)

As a member of the Quad with the U.S., India and Japan, Australia is considered a key fixture in the region's collective security architecture. The newly formed AUKUS defense pact with the U.S. and U.K. will help Canberra establish a future fleet of eight submarines powered by nuclear reactors, replacing its six Collins-class diesel boats.

79 years after the first submarine-launched commando raid, Navy SEALs say it hasn't gotten any easier

  79 years after the first submarine-launched commando raid, Navy SEALs say it hasn't gotten any easier Advances in technology since World War II have enabled far more complex submarine operations, but those operations are still challenging.Decades later, submarine special-operations have become a staple of the Navy SEAL Teams and one of the US military's most valuable capabilities.

As an ANZUS alliance member with the U.S. and neighboring New Zealand, Australia doesn't need to compete with the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy in terms of size. U.S. officials have made clear how Australia's interoperable forces can help augment the U.S. Navy, which still operates the world's best-equipped and deadliest submarines.

The U.S. fleet of 68 active service subsurface vessels is fully nuclear-powered and includes 19 of its latest Virginia-class fast attack submarines. NATO allies France and U.K. operate 10 and six nuclear-powered submarines.

In Asia, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force commissioned its 21st submarine this year, while fellow U.S. treaty ally South Korea operates 18. Both navies run diesel-electric boats.

France recalls ambassadors to US, Australia over submarine deal

  France recalls ambassadors to US, Australia over submarine deal The diplomatic row came over a broken contract by Australia to buy French submarines in the wake of a new security pact by Australia, the US and the UK.Philippe Étienne, France's ambassador to the United States, and his counterpart in Australia were recalled to Paris "for consultations" at the request of French President Emmanuel Macron, said Jean-Yves Le Drian, France's minister for Europe and foreign affairs.

Russia, which was among the earliest powers to operate a nuclear subsurface ships during the Soviet Union, currently has 58 such vessels, including 37 with nuclear propulsion.

Surprisingly, it is another American Cold War foe, North Korea, that operates the world's largest submarine fleet in terms of sheer numbers—72 diesel-powered boats that are aging but still formidable.

The PLA Navy, however, remains the focus of much U.S. military realignment this decade and some say even in the coming century. According to 2020 Pentagon report, China's fleet of 60 submarines includes at least 10 nuclear-powered warships—its Jin-class boats forming its developing sea-based nuclear deterrent.

The Defense Department estimates China will operate a fleet of up to 70 submarines throughout this decade of rapid modernization, which has seen the country build 12 submarines in the last 15 years.

Australia: France's recall of ambassador over subs regretful

  Australia: France's recall of ambassador over subs regretful CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — Australia said Saturday it was noting with regret France’s recall of its ambassador over the surprise cancellation of a submarine contract in favor of a U.S. deal. France recalled its ambassadors to Australia and the United States on Friday in an unprecedented show of anger over a deal among the United States, Australia and Britain to provide Australia with a fleet of at least eight nuclear-power submarines. The dealFrance recalled its ambassadors to Australia and the United States on Friday in an unprecedented show of anger over a deal among the United States, Australia and Britain to provide Australia with a fleet of at least eight nuclear-power submarines.

A recognition of this naval advancement partly explains Australia's decision to abruptly end a $65 billion contract with French shipbuilder Naval Group, which was to deliver a fleet of diesel-electric submarines.

Announcing the U.S.-led AUKUS partnership to help build up Australia's submarine fleet, Biden administration officials noted the superior stealth, speed, maneuverability, survivability and endurance of nuclear-powered variants. Diesel boats are smaller and can operate in the shallows, but they require regular surfacing and the charging of batteries.

Officials involved in AUKUS will spend their first 18 months drawing up plans for Australia's new submarine program. It is expected to include a determination of whether the new boats will be American Virginia-class or British Astute-class submarines.

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France's US ambassador set to return to DC after 5-day submarine deal protest .
French officials chastised the US for striking a nuclear submarine deal with Australia after France already agreed to sell the Aussies diesel models.France recalled both of its ambassadors from the US and Australia last week over what they described as a lack of communication around the deal, which scuttled one France had already struck with the Aussies to sell them diesel submarines.

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