•   
  •   
  •   

World Could Arab-Israeli Abraham Accords win Nobel Peace Prize without Palestinians?

09:45  07 october  2021
09:45  07 october  2021 Source:   newsweek.com

Factbox-How does the Nobel Peace Prize work?

  Factbox-How does the Nobel Peace Prize work? Factbox-How does the Nobel Peace Prize work?OSLO (Reuters) - The winner of the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on Oct. 8 in Oslo.

World Israel Nobel Peace Prize United Arab Emirates Palestinians . As the world awaits Friday's announcement of who will secure the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize , speculation mounts toward a possible win for a historic set of agreements that have brought together Israel and four Arab countries. The achievement is not without controversy, however, as they were negotiated without the participation of the Palestinians , who have traditionally been at the center of the Middle East peace process.

Arab – Israeli peace projects are projects to promote peace and understanding between the Arab League and Israel in different spheres. These are part of a broader attempt at a peace process between Palestinians and Israelis. Sponsors of such projects can be found both in Israel and Palestine .

As the world awaits Friday's announcement of who will secure the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize, speculation mounts toward a possible win for a historic set of agreements that have brought together Israel and four Arab countries. The achievement is not without controversy, however, as they were negotiated without the participation of the Palestinians, who have traditionally been at the center of the Middle East peace process.

(L-R) Bahrain Foreign Minister Abdullatif al-Zayani, then-Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, then-U.S. President Donald Trump, and UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed Al-Nahyan hold up documents after participating in the signing of the Abraham Accords where the countries of Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates recognize Israel, at the White House in Washington, D.C., September 15, 2020. © SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images (L-R) Bahrain Foreign Minister Abdullatif al-Zayani, then-Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, then-U.S. President Donald Trump, and UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed Al-Nahyan hold up documents after participating in the signing of the Abraham Accords where the countries of Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates recognize Israel, at the White House in Washington, D.C., September 15, 2020.

Launched a year ago, the Abraham Accords first saw Israel normalize diplomatic relations with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain last September, and later with Sudan in October and Morocco in December. The process was overseen by the administration of President Donald Trump, which set out to erode the Arab boycott against Israel that began with the country's 1948 establishment on soil also claimed by Palestinians.

At Dubai’s Expo, the world’s problematic politics loom

  At Dubai’s Expo, the world’s problematic politics loom DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — Iran wants you to put politics aside and marvel over its ornate carpets. Syria wants you to forget about its brutal war and learn about the world’s first alphabet. Yemen, on the brink of famine, is very excited about its honey and coffee. Welcome to Dubai’s Expo 2020, the first world’s fair in the Middle East that boasts over 190 participating countries — except Afghanistan, whose new Taliban rulers are a no-show.

The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments (military weapons and equipment) manufacturer Alfred Nobel

Part of a series onthe Israeli – Palestinian conflict. Israeli –Palestinianpeace process. v. t. e. The Israeli – Palestinian peace process refers to the intermittent discussions held by various parties and

While no additional Arab states have signed up since Trump left office in January, President Joe Biden has publicly supported his predecessor's endeavor. Israeli ties with the current parties have also continued to develop, especially with the UAE and Bahrain.

Israel has been especially eager to promote the agreements as a success story worthy of international acclaim.

"These agreements really have changed the picture, and I think it's something that should be recognized globally," Eliav Benjamin, head of the Israeli Foreign Ministry's Middle East Bureau and Peace Process Division, said in response to Newsweek's question regarding the viability of a Nobel Peace Prize win at a virtual event marking the anniversary of the Abraham Accords.

Why Black Lives Matter Winning Nobel Peace Prize Would be 'Brave Decision'

  Why Black Lives Matter Winning Nobel Peace Prize Would be 'Brave Decision' The winner of the prestigious prize is set to be announced on October 8.Petter Eide, the Norwegian lawmaker who nominated Black Lives Matter for the prize, said he would be delighted, but surprised, by a win.

The Norwegian Nobel Committee awards the Nobel Peace Prize annually "to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations

Israeli – Palestinian economic peace efforts are efforts to promote joint economic projects and efforts between Israelis and Palestinians as a pathway to reach peace between the two groups. They are based partially on official efforts and projects by the governments of Israel and the Palestinian Authority The Israeli - Palestinian Science Organization is a nongovernmental nonprofit established in 2004 to support collaborative research between scientists in Israel and Palestine . Founding members of IPSO include Nobel prize winning neuroscientist Torsten Wiesel.[64]. The West-Eastern Divan.

"It has been recognized, and it should continue to be recognized globally," he said. "We should all be working on, first of all, applauding it, but also, all of us on helping to deepen and expand these relations. I think it's a very important message for all the right reasons."

Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lior Haiat said that such recognition may help to attract other potential peace partners.

"Without talking directly about the Nobel Prize, I think that world recognition of the importance of the Abraham Accords, the peace normalization agreements that we've signed, is very important, because other countries in the region are looking at the reaction of the international community to those agreements, and they are contemplating what their next step would be," Haiat said. "And if they'll see the international community embracing it, I think it will help other countries take that important decision, especially explaining it to their public opinion."

Journalists from Philippines, Russia given Nobel Peace Prize

  Journalists from Philippines, Russia given Nobel Peace Prize OSLO (AP) — The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. They were citing for their fight for freedom of expression. The winners were announced Friday by Berit Reiss-Andersen, chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee. THIS IS A BREAKING NEWS UPDATE. AP’s earlier story follows below. OSLO (AP) — The winner of the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize is being announced Friday, an award intended to honor an individual or organization that has “done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations.”The Norwegian Nobel Committee will announce the recipient in Oslo at about 11 a.m. (0900 GMT; 5 a.m. EDT).

Israel ’s newly established relations with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco are a welcome development signaling a paradigm shift. The working assumption for decades was that Arab states would not normalize relations with Israel absent resolution of the Palestinian problem, or at least Four factors explain the recent Arab willingness and readiness to normalize ties with Israel independently of the Palestinian issue. First was the desire to take advantage of the narrow window of opportunity opened by the Trump administration’s willingness to pay dearly, some would say an

image captionPresident Trump brokered Israel 's deals with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain. A sun-soaked White House lawn was the setting for US President Donald Trump's "dawn of a new Middle East", one which he said was happening " without blood in the sand". The first Gulf state to sign up to normalisation, the United Arab Emirates, has edged closer to getting a prized fighter jet from the US. And Israel , already the region's most advanced military power, may consequently bristle with yet more powerful arms.

The history of the Nobel Peace Prize has previously intertwined with that of the broader Arab-Israeli conflict, which saw three all-out wars in 1948, 1967 and 1973, along with a series of other violent engagements in more recent decades.

As Egypt embarked on the path to becoming the first Arab country to sign a peace treaty with Israel as part of the U.S.-supported process known as the Camp David Accords, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were jointly awarded the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize.

The response of the Arab League was harsh and swift. Just days after the signing of the agreement at the White House with President Jimmy Carter in 1979, Egypt was expelled from the organization. Two years later, Sadat was assassinated by Egyptian militants hidden within the ranks of a military parade he was reviewing in Cairo.

A deadly backlash to a diplomatic achievement deemed worthy of a Nobel Peace Prize would also be unleashed in Israel. A year after Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was bestowed the coveted award alongside Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and Palestine Liberation Organization head Yasser Arafat for efforts related to the Oslo Accords in 1994, Rabin was gunned down by a right-wing extremist at a rally in Tel Aviv.

Journalists Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov win 2021 Nobel Peace Prize

  Journalists Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov win 2021 Nobel Peace Prize Journalists Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov “ won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday. Your browser does not support this video The Norwegian Nobel Committee, which is responsible for selecting the Nobel Peace Prize recipients each year, decided to award this year's prize to both Ressa, of the Philippines, and Muratov, of Russia, "for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace." © Jacquelyn Martin/AP Photo, File Along with the notoriety and a gold medal, they will receive a cash award of 10 million Swedish krona, or about $1.

As part of the Oslo process, Jordan became the second Arab country to declare peace with Israel. The only other Arab country to come forth and build relations with Israel prior to the Abraham Accords was Mauritania in 1999, but the Northwest African state severed these ties a decade later in response to Israel's war with the Palestinian exclave of Gaza.

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin (R) addresses the peace treaty signing ceremony as Egyptian President Anwar Sadat (L) and U.S. President Jimmy Carter watch on the White House lawn on March 26, 1979 in Washington, D.C. Ya'akov Sa'ar/Israeli Government Press Office/Getty Images © Ya'akov Sa'ar/Israeli Government Press Office/Getty Images Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin (R) addresses the peace treaty signing ceremony as Egyptian President Anwar Sadat (L) and U.S. President Jimmy Carter watch on the White House lawn on March 26, 1979 in Washington, D.C. Ya'akov Sa'ar/Israeli Government Press Office/Getty Images

As such, the Abraham Accords have been met with applause by some of those intimately tied to the seemingly impossible task of overcoming decades of Arab-Israeli hostility to set a path forward.

Aaron David Miller served as a senior State Department negotiator throughout the Oslo Accords under President Bill Clinton, and continued to his Middle East work under President George W. Bush until the veteran diplomat's resignation in 2003. Today he's a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and he describes the Abraham Accords as "extremely significant."

What Peace Prize says about freedom in Russia, Philippines

  What Peace Prize says about freedom in Russia, Philippines MOSCOW (AP) — The Nobel Peace Prize sometimes recognizes groundbreaking efforts to resolve seemingly intractable conflicts, such as once-sworn enemies who sat down and brokered an end to war. In other years, the recipient is someone who promoted human rights at great personal cost. The prestigious award also can serve as a not-so-subtle message to authoritarian governments and leaders that the world is watching. What does the selection of two journalists, Maria Ressa, 58, of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov, 59, of Russia, say about freedom of expression and the history of dissent in the countries of the 2021 peace prize winners? “It is a battle for facts.

But when it comes specifically to weighing the likelihood of a Nobel Peace Prize win for the architects of the agreements, he said there were some key aspects to consider.

"There's the question of, 'Does the administration's accomplishment measure up to other agreements, Israeli-Jordan, Israeli-Egyptian and even the abortive Oslo process?' Because they, at least in the former two, actually ended conflict, bloody conflict," Miller told Newsweek. "It's like in the Olympics, the degree of difficulty of the dive is factored into the judges' marks on performance, so the question is what was the degree of difficulty of the dive on the Abraham Accords?"

It was an open secret that Israel had long paved inroads into the Arabian Peninsula, especially with the UAE. The two sides have found common ground in fostering trade, and have fashioned security ties in the face of mutual concerns with Iran, an issue that has come to overshadow the question of Palestinian statehood in the eyes of many other countries in the Persian Gulf region.

Bringing these relations into the open also came at a cost to frozen Israeli-Palestinian negotiations. Palestinian leadership decried any normalization with Israel as a betrayal of the Arab League ban on establishing such ties until a lasting Palestinian state was established with the currently Israel-occupied East Jerusalem as its capital.

"This is where politics, I think, will enter. The Nobel Committee is probably going to say to themselves, 'The Trump administration pursued the Abraham Accords, not as a supplement to the Israeli-Palestinian negotiation, but as a substitute for them,'" Miller said. "And while they were pursuing the Abraham Accords they, again I'm speaking here what I suspect the committee will say, did a lot of damage on the Israeli-Palestinian track."

Economics Prize wraps up unpredictable Nobel season

  Economics Prize wraps up unpredictable Nobel season The Nobel Economics Prize on Monday wraps up a Nobel season characterised by surprising picks, with a number of women in with a chance of scooping the traditionally male-dominated prize. This Nobel season, only one woman has won -- Philippine journalist Maria Ressa who won the Peace Prize on Friday -- while the economics prize has so far only been awarded to two women in history, Elinor Ostrom in 2009 and Esther Duflo in 2019. American Anne Krueger, formerly the number two and briefly the managing director at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), as well as a former Vice President for Economics and Research at the World Bank, is one possible winner.

Miller also brought up another important point when it comes to the Nobel Peace Prize considerations: the competition. He mentioned other possible contenders such as the Black Lives Matter movement, Russian opposition activist Alexei Navalny and other dissidents from Belarus and Hong Kong during an eventful year.


Video: U.S. plans for East Jerusalem consulate roil Israel (Reuters)

Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat (L), Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres (C) and Israeli Premier Yitzhak Rabin display their Nobel Peace Prizes December 10, 1994 in Oslo, Norway. Yaakov Saar/GPO/Getty Images © Yaakov Saar/GPO/Getty Images Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat (L), Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres (C) and Israeli Premier Yitzhak Rabin display their Nobel Peace Prizes December 10, 1994 in Oslo, Norway. Yaakov Saar/GPO/Getty Images

One key vulnerability of the Abraham Accords in the judging is the uncertainty of what the future holds for the broader, deep-seated issues that plague the Arab-Israeli peace process. With Israeli-Palestinian communication nearly non-existent, a housing dispute between Israeli and Palestinian families in East Jerusalem's Sheikh Jarrah neighbor spiraled into a full-on battle as the Hamas movement fired rockets on Israel and the Israeli forces bombed the Gaza Strip by air, land and sea.

Palestine Liberation Organization Executive Committee Executive Member Faisal Aranki said that the qualification of the Abraham Accords for a Nobel Peace Prize rested on at least two core questions.

The first relates specifically to the intentions of the U.S., which he told Newsweek is "the superpower, and is actually capable of imposing a solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, especially if it eases its absolute bias towards the side of the Israeli."

He said it came down to a matter of U.S. intentions.

"Does the United States of America really want a permanent peaceful solution and end this conflict with justice and logic, in line with most of the countries and peoples of the whole world, which is the implementation of the resolutions of the United Nations, its General Assembly and its Security Council?" Aranki asked rhetorically. "If the answer was yes, then whoever worked on this project deserves all the world awards, not just the Nobel Prize."

Why didn't the Abraham Accords win the Nobel peace prize?

  Why didn't the Abraham Accords win the Nobel peace prize? The Norwegian Nobel Committee last week awarded Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia this year’s Nobel Peace Prize. © Provided by Washington Examiner While Ressa and Muratov’s work exposing their respective oppressive regimes should be applauded, there was a better choice for this year’s prize. Namely, the parties behind the U.S.-brokered Abraham Accords, where Israel normalized ties with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco.

The second had to do specifically with the Palestinian question.

"Do the Abraham agreements, what they contain, guarantee the establishment of the State of Palestine on its occupied lands since June 1967, including East Jerusalem?" Aranki asked. "If the answer is yes, and the application is guaranteed and in a specific time, then I bless them from my heart and soul, and I say they deserve the Nobel Prize and all the prizes in the world, and I increase them with the prize of God's satisfaction and servant."

Palestinians gather on September 2 during a night protest along the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis in the southern Gaza Strip, demanding an end to Israel's blockade and the right of Palestinians to return to lands they fled or were expelled from when Israel was founded. SAID KHATIB/AFP/Getty Images © SAID KHATIB/AFP/Getty Images Palestinians gather on September 2 during a night protest along the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis in the southern Gaza Strip, demanding an end to Israel's blockade and the right of Palestinians to return to lands they fled or were expelled from when Israel was founded. SAID KHATIB/AFP/Getty Images

One man who feels the Abraham Accords do not live up to the qualifications necessary for a Nobel Peace Price is Khaled el-Gindy. He served as an adviser to Palestinian leadership on permanent status negotiations with Israel, and today is director of the Middle East Institute's Palestine and Palestinian-Israeli Affairs Program.

"I do not feel that the architects of the normalization agreements deserve a Nobel Peace Prize, first and foremost because they do not qualify as peace agreements," he told Newsweek. None of the countries involved — the UAE, Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco — was ever involved in hostilities with Israel."

He questioned the name of the agreements themselves.

"Even the term 'Abraham Accords' is misleading," Gindy said, "since they do not represent a coherent set of inter-related agreements but a series of bilateral agreements in which certain Arab regimes that were never at war with Israel agreed simply to recognize Israel and establish normal bilateral relations with it."

Like Miller, he drew a contrast between the Abraham Accords and the two previous Arab-Israeli peace agreements.

"This is very different than the Egypt-Israel and Jordan-Israel peace treaties, for example, which did involve peacemaking and conflict resolution," Gindy said. "If anything, the so-called Abraham Accords make the achievement of a comprehensive peace settlement between Israelis and Palestinians on the basis of a negotiated two-state solution more difficult to achieve by eliminating what few incentives still existed for Israel to end its occupation and allow the establishment of any independent Palestinian state."

And as for the exclusion of Palestinians from the process, he said this was "neither accidental nor incidental."

"Part of the Trump administration's motivation for pushing the normalization deals as hard as they did was to marginalize the Palestinian issue and ultimately to force the Palestinian leaders to accept the Trump plan, which was basically a formula for permanent Israeli occupation," Gindy said.

And yet many on both sides of the Abraham Accords equation hold out hope for further progress on Arab-Israeli diplomacy as a result of the agreements. Two of them are Dan Federman of Israel and Omar al-Busaidy of the UAE, both members of the Sharaka organization that promotes the Abraham Accords and the spirit of cooperation between Israelis and Arabs.

"We do believe that the negotiators of the Abraham Accords do deserve the Noble Prize," Busaidy told Newsweek, "as they created history by taking this bold step and most importantly should be recognized for creating a new narrative for the Middle East which will allow future generations to grow up in a more peaceful and positive environment."

Federman agreed, and noted that "there were bold steps taken backed by many years of quiet diplomacy."

"This takes vision and also courage to stand up to naysayers throughout the region," he added.

Ultimately, it's up to the Norwegian Nobel Committee to decide. And it will do so according to a strict, deliberately non-transparent process.

Olav Njølstad, director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute, explained to Newsweek how it works.

"Proposals received for the award of a prize, and investigations and opinions concerning the award of a prize, may not be divulged until 50 years have elapsed," he said. "The Nobel Committee does not itself announce the names of nominees, neither to the media nor to the candidates themselves. In certain cases names of candidates appear in the media. These advanced surmises are either the product of sheer speculation or information released by the person or persons behind the nomination."

So the nominees that don't win this year's award will not be revealed until 2071. And there are a lot of them.

"There are 329 candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2021, out of which 234 are individuals and 95 are organizations," Njølstad said. "Three hundred twenty-nine candidates are slightly more than last year (317), and the third-highest number of candidates ever. The current record of 376 candidates was reached in 2016."

And while Njølstad could not comment or confirm any more specific details about this year's nominees, he did speak to the historical relevance of the Middle East peace process to the Nobel Peace Prize as an institution.

He offered two reasons, one pertaining to the global community and another that, as Miller earlier alluded to, comes down to politics.

"First of all, the Middle East conflict has been one of the most important and lasting international conflicts in the post-WWII era," Njølstad said. "Secondly, both the people of Israel and the Palestinian people have enjoyed strong support from influential groups within Norwegian society. This means that the quest for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East has always enjoyed a lot of political support in Norway."

The portrait of Alfred Nobel is seen at the desk prior to the announcement of the laureates of the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize in the Nobel Institute in Oslo on October 9, 2020. Last year's award was given to the World Food Program. Stian Lysberg Solum/NTB/AFP © Stian Lysberg Solum/NTB/AFP The portrait of Alfred Nobel is seen at the desk prior to the announcement of the laureates of the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize in the Nobel Institute in Oslo on October 9, 2020. Last year's award was given to the World Food Program. Stian Lysberg Solum/NTB/AFP

Related Articles

  • Donald Trump's Mideast Peace Deals Present the Nobel Committee with a Benjamin Netanyahu Dilemma

Start your unlimited Newsweek trial

Why didn't the Abraham Accords win the Nobel peace prize? .
The Norwegian Nobel Committee last week awarded Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia this year’s Nobel Peace Prize. © Provided by Washington Examiner While Ressa and Muratov’s work exposing their respective oppressive regimes should be applauded, there was a better choice for this year’s prize. Namely, the parties behind the U.S.-brokered Abraham Accords, where Israel normalized ties with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco.

usr: 10
This is interesting!