World Sudan: The Shadow of the Hemeidti Militia Head Above The Civil Forces

11:05  16 october  2021
11:05  16 october  2021 Source:   rfi.fr

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Sudan ’s first civil war began when British and Egyptian rulers decolonized the region. Rather than leaving the two north and south administrations they had created, one administration was left in Khartoum. Southern Sudanese leaders were not consulted in the process. By the late 1990s, the tide of the war was shifting. With arms and training from Uganda and Ethiopia, the SPLA had once again taken control of larger swaths of southern Sudan . Regime supply lines between government garrison towns were being strangled by the SPLA.

The South Sudan Defence Forces (SSDF) was a militia in South Sudan during the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983-2005) in uneasy alliance with the Government of Sudan . The SSDF provided security for Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) garrisons and for oilfields in the north of South Sudan

Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, à Khartoum, le 30 avril 2019. © ASHRAF Shazly / AFP Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, Khartoum, April 30, 2019.

in Sudan, the military and civilians who share the Power reject the responsibility of the many crises that shake the country, such as the current blockage in Port Sudan. This afternoon, demonstrations are planned in Khartoum to the appeal of a dissent within the civil forces.

Many see the influence of the military, who are trying to put pressure on the government of Abdalla Hamdok by cracking the alliance of civil parties. And behind the scenes, you have to see the hand of Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, Alias ​​Hemeidti, the commander of a powerful paramilitary militia. According to several concordant sources, Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo would have released the portfolio to encourage many Sudanese to join the event. Students from the Koranic schools would have been paid to get around Khartoum. Bus would be shrinking from Darfur. The goal is to put pressure on the civilian government.

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This article lists the heads of government of Sudan , from the establishment of the office of Chief Minister in 1952 until the present day. The office of Prime Minister was abolished after the 1989 coup d'état

2001 - Sudanese Islamist leader Hassan Al-Turabi's party, the Popular National Congress, signs memorandum of understanding with the southern rebel SPLM's armed wing, the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). Mr Al-Turabi is arrested the next day. 2002 - Talks in Kenya lead to a 2006 November - Hundreds die in fighting centred on the southern town of Malakal - the heaviest between northern Sudanese forces and former rebels since the 2005 peace deal. 2008 March - Tensions rise over clashes between an Arab militia and SPLM in the disputed oil-rich Abyei area on the north-south


according to a French diplomat, hemeidti plays on antagonism between the center and the peripheries by supporting the faction of forces for freedom and the change created a week ago by Gibril Ibrahim and Minni Minawi, two ex -Chefs of rebel groups. Originally from Darfur, they are trying to present themselves as the voices of the peripheral regions. Conversely, politicians from the center of Sudan and the Nile Valley that have long held the reins of the country without accounting for the demands of marginalized regions. Hemeidti himself was at the maneuver to negotiate Juba's agreements with these different rebel groups in Darfur.

The forces of Hemeidti are nevertheless suspected of committing many crimes in Darfur. The rapid support forces have widely recruited into the Janjawids militias used since 2003 by Omar Al-Bachir against insurgent groups in the region. In 2013, the fallen President Omar Al-Bachir had made an official militia at the service of the Sudanese state.

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In 2008, however, open conflict again erupted when Maliki ordered his forces to confront and dismantle what remained of the Mahdi Army. The fighting between the Iraqi army and the Mahdi Army widened the existing fissure between Maliki and Sadr prompting him to alter his approach toward politics in Muqtada al-Sadr has shown that he is a uniquely Iraqi leader, beholden neither to the Americans nor the Iranians. His populism, once derided by the United States, now represents the best path forward for Iraq if it is to emerge from under the shadows of the dual occupation of the United States and Iran.

A referendum took place in Southern Sudan from 9 to 15 January 2011, on whether the region should remain a part of Sudan or become independent. The referendum was one of the consequences of the 2005 Naivasha Agreement between the Khartoum central government and the Sudan People's

A powerful but weakened man

The rapid support forces commander is at the head of a real empire in the mining sector, gold, import-export, roads, infrastructure and transport. Hemeidti is rich and powerful, he leads a militia of more than 40,000 soldiers according to different estimates.

Yet man is weakened. Indeed, many actors and in particular the President of the Council of Sovereignty, General Al-Burhan wish to integrate his forces into the regular army. The United States also multiplies pressures in this direction. As a symbol, this week, the American Facebook company has announced having suspended more than 600 accounts and pages with links with the controversial militia.

The forces of Hemeidti are also suspected of being responsible for the violent dispersion of the Sit-in-Pacific on June 3, 2019, in front of the army headquarters making more than 200 deaths and hundreds of disappeared. The investigation on this subject has still not rendered its conclusions.

Huge crowds march in Sudan in support of civilian rule .
Throngs of Sudanese protesters took to the streets on Thursday to voice their support for civilian rule within the country's power-sharing government.Demonstrators marched through the streets of the capital, Khartoum, chanting anti-military slogans and waving flags. Pro-civilian protests were also held in other Sudanese cities Thursday, Reuters news agency reported.

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