World In Mali, the official Islamic Council officially responsible for negotiating with the jihadist leaders

13:00  21 october  2021
13:00  21 october  2021 Source:   lemonde.fr

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the opening of a dialogue with armed Islamists could increase tensions with France, forever opposed to such negligence.

Des soldats maliens avec des membes de la mission Takuba, dans le cercle de Dansongo, au Mali, le 23 août 2021. © supplied by the world Malian soldiers with Mission of the Takuba mission, in the circle of Danongo, Mali, August 23, 2021.

in Mali, the official appointment of the Higher Islamic Council (HCI) as the authority responsible for "Negotiate with Malian Jihadists", confirmed Tuesday, October 19 by the transitional government, has been formalizing an existing situation for several years. The Malian power since 2017, expressed its willingness to open up trades with armed Islamists, affiliated with Al-Qaeda, which have steadily increased their range in the North and the center of the country. At the same time, the HCI, a hyphen between political authorities and religious associations, had already multiplied the contacts.

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Under the direction of his former boss, Imam Mahmoud Dicko, this structure had negotiated, in 2012, the release of soldiers. The religious Wahhabite then presented itself as the best tool to "bring back to the right way his lost brothers", in the first place Iyad AG Ghali, the emir of the support group of Islam and Muslims, and his lieutenant Amadou Koufa to The head of Katiba Macina.

The Imam Mahmoud Dicko, maker and rombier of kings in Mali

since 2019 under the ferule of Chérif Ousmane Madani Haidara, a preacher of Malikite rite, very popular in Mali, the HCI has not lost its status as a facilitator. But this role had not been formally formalized, neither by the former President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, overthrew in August 2020, who did not believe in dialogue with jihadists, nor by the first transitional authorities who left this project in fallow. This function is now openly recognized, the HCI having, according to an internal source, received its mandate on July 14 by mail from the Minister of Religious Affairs and Worship.

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Position of weakness

"We will find a Malian solution to prevent the blood from the Malians still running. We will sit without intermediary, "promises Moufa Haidara, the first secretary of HCI. Member of a team of negotiators of the Organization, he had obtained in March a local ceasefire agreement between traditional hunters Dozos and Jihadists of Katiba Macina in the Niono Circle, in the center of the country. He has since shattered.

Mr. Haidara does not say when could the discussions begin, nor what will be the perimeter. "We will discuss everything. There are red lines but have not yet been fixed by the government. The bottom line is that we have the bonds of blood and fraternity between Muslims, "he says in a pledge of compromise. Iyad AG Ghali, he was more explicit about his conditions for peace: the departure of foreign troops, especially French, Mali and the application of Sharia, Islamic law.

Mali asks for religious dignitaries to negotiate with Al Qaeda

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In Mali, a dialogue with pressure jihadists

against armed Islamists, the transitional authorities are present in a weak position, without territorial reconquest to oppose, in a form of capitulation which does not say its name. "One of the limits of this dialogue is that the desired purpose and the offer that the government can produce have not been defined, is worried about Baba Dakono, Executive Secretary of the Citizen Observatory on Governance and Security. Another is to place this issue in the hands of the religious as the problem can not be reduced to this dimension.

The prospect of these negotiations may even remove Paris from Bamako, in a context of tension around the possible arrival of Russian mercenaries in Mali. By diplomatic pressure or by public exit - "no dialogue and compromise" with the jihadist leaders, exhorted in June Emmanuel Macron - France has so far endeavored to deter Malians from moving forward in this direction. But no one can say that it still has the means.

election campaign of employee representatives: Competition for VW works council Cavallo .
Competition for VW works council Daniela Cavallo: The former Wolfsburg IG Metal Chief Frank Patta wants to compete at the next works council election. He accumulates intransparency to the current works council. © dpa works council cavallo could cause pressure through the new list. of the VW works council and former Wolfsburger IG Metal Chief Frank Patta wants to introduce the list in November, with which he starts at the next VW works council selection.

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