•   
  •   
  •   

World Taiwan tensions: China celebrates 50 years of being in the UN, and it's determined to keep Taipei out

11:51  25 october  2021
11:51  25 october  2021 Source:   cnn.com

What to know about the escalating tensions between China and Taiwan

  What to know about the escalating tensions between China and Taiwan There has been increasing "gray-zone" conflict across the strait. Taiwan’s Defense Minister Chiu Kuo-cheng even warned the Taiwanese legislature earlier this month that Beijing might be able to launch a "full-scale" invasion of the island by 2025.

It was a major blow for the Nationalist government, which had been one of the founding members of the UN and contributed to the Allied victory in World War II. As the delegation from Taipei walked out of the general assembly hall that night, its foreign minister warned bitterly that the decision would threaten peace everywhere. Dual representation in the UN had been previously raised as a potential solution -- but it was shot down by both Beijing and Taipei . "There is no room for patriots and traitors to live together," Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the defeated Nationalists, famously said in 1961.

The UN and Chinese flags. Ahead of China ’ s 50 th anniversary of admission to the UN , the US wants to help Taiwan participate in the international organisation. Photograph: China News Service/Getty Images. Taiwan , using its formal name the Republic of China , held the Chinese seat at the UN until 25 October 1971, when it was voted out as representative of the country in favour of the People’ s Republic of China , whose communist forces had won a civil war in 1949 and forced the republican government to flee to the island.

Fifty years ago today, representatives from around the world convened at the United Nations headquarters in New York for a history-shifting vote.

Chinese President Xi Jinping addresses the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly at the UN headquarters in New York on September 28, 2015. © Pang Xinglei/Xinhua/Getty Images Chinese President Xi Jinping addresses the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly at the UN headquarters in New York on September 28, 2015.

By the end of the day, the Republic of China (ROC), a government that fled to Taiwan after losing the Chinese civil war in 1949, was out of the global organization. Instead, the People's Republic of China (PRC), the Communist government that took power in the mainland, was recognized as the "only legitimate representative of China" and admitted into the UN as a permanent member of the veto-wielding Security Council.

Taiwan Vows to 'Defend Itself' Amid U.S. Reversal, Here's How Much Stronger China Is

  Taiwan Vows to 'Defend Itself' Amid U.S. Reversal, Here's How Much Stronger China Is "The complete reunification of the motherland must be fulfilled, and it will definitely be fulfilled," Ma Xiaoguang of China's Taiwan Affairs Council said.President Joe Biden stirred controversy during a Thursday evening town hall when he twice appeared to confirm that he had a commitment to protect Taiwan in the event of an attack, one that would presumably come from China, where President Xi Jinping has vowed to take reintegrate the rival government by diplomacy, or force, if necessary.

Tensions have risen sharply in the region recently, however, and administration officials were caught off guard when China ' s air force dramatically ramped up its incursions into Taiwan ' s air defense identification zone earlier this month. Even before the most recent incursion, the Biden The stakes are high for President Joe Biden, who has made human rights and democracy a key part of his foreign policy agenda but who has also been determined to keep the US out of foreign conflicts. For decades, Washington has embraced the concept of "strategic ambiguity" in dealing with Taiwan , in which the

Tensions in the Taiwan Strait are surging. Over the past week, in line with China ' s National Day, Beijing has sent record numbers of military planes into what is known as Taiwan ' s “Air Defence Identification Zone” (ADIZ). Whilst it is important to distinguish this zone from the island’ s actual “airspace”, as The prospect of reunification with Taiwan is an integral “glue” of PRC state identity and legitimacy under Communist Party rule, and especially so under Xi Jinping who has framed the mantra of the “great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation ”. He continues to escalate the political importance of

It was a major blow for the Nationalist government, which had been one of the founding members of the UN and contributed to the Allied victory in World War II. As the delegation from Taipei walked out of the general assembly hall that night, its foreign minister warned bitterly that the decision would threaten peace everywhere. "This is dangerous nonsense," he said.

After the Communist victory and founding of the PRC in 1949, both the Nationalist and Communist governments claimed to be the sole representatives of the entire Chinese territory, forcing other countries and international organizations to choose one or the other.

Initially, many countries stuck to their alliances with the ROC and shunned the PRC. But as time went on, more and more governments switched diplomatic recognition from Taipei to Beijing -- leaving Taiwan with only 15 diplomatic allies today.

White House plays cleanup on Biden's Taiwan comments

  White House plays cleanup on Biden's Taiwan comments The White House was still setting the record straight more than 12 hours after President Joe Biden pledged to defend Taiwan militarily from China, charging that the president’s comment did not amount to a change of policy. © Provided by Washington Examiner “There has been no shift. The president was not announcing any change in our policy. Nor has he made a decision to change our policy,” press secretary Jen Psaki told reporters on Friday, adding, “There’s no change in our policy.

China is one of the charter members of the United Nations and is one of five permanent members of its Security Council. One of the victorious Allies of the Second World War

She added that China ' s military flights into Taiwan ' s air defence zone had seriously affected national security and aviation safety, and described the situation as being "more complex and fluid than at any other point in the past 72 years ". Despite the recent heightened tensions , relations between China and Taiwan have not deteriorated to levels last seen in 1996 when China tried to disrupt presidential elections with missile tests and the US dispatched aircraft carriers to the region to dissuade them. The US has a longstanding "One China " policy under which it recognises China rather than Taiwan .

The UN, too, was forced to choose -- and the fateful vote in 1971 ultimately reflected the shift in which "China" its members had decided to recognize.

Dual representation in the UN had been previously raised as a potential solution -- but it was shot down by both Beijing and Taipei. "There is no room for patriots and traitors to live together," Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the defeated Nationalists, famously said in 1961.

In the decades since the vote, the resolution has helped shape China's rise as a world power and granted it broad voting power in "participating in the UN bureaucracy and shaping the language of UN resolutions," said Maggie Lewis, an expert in contemporary Chinese law at Seton Hall University.

And under increasing pressure from Beijing, Taiwan has steadily become ever more diplomatically isolated, excluded from major agencies like the World Health Organization.

US Isn’t Alone in Support of Taiwan

  US Isn’t Alone in Support of Taiwan There has been an extraordinary amount of talk in policy circles recently about Taiwan and the U.S. commitment to Taiwan’s security—and for good reason. © Provided by Washington Examiner A soldier holds a Taiwan national flag during a military exercise in Hsinchu County, northern Taiwan, Tuesday, Jan. 19, 2021. Taiwanese troops using tanks, mortars and small arms staged a drill Tuesday aimed at repelling an attack from China, which has increased its threats to reclaim the island and its own displays of military might.

Tensions between China and Taiwan are the worst they've been in decades and with the U. S . being a backer of Taiwan , the Pentagon criticized China ' s attempts to "intimidate" the island through military exercises. Taipei (Reuters) - American and Taiwanese officials discussed the means that would allow Taiwan to participate "significantly" in the United Nations work while the People' s Republic of China is preparing to Celebrate the 50 years of integration with the United Nations . Taiwan , under its official name of the Republic of China , held the headquarters of China at the UN until October 25

However, he warned foreign nations about meddling in the Taiwanese issue, saying it was The address was delivered on the 110th anniversary of the revolution that concluded in the overthrow of imperial rule in China in 1911. Taiwan celebrates National Day on the same date, with the uprising there having led to the Tensions have been running high between Taipei and Beijing of late, with

Beijing, meanwhile, continues to view Taiwan as an inseparable part of its territory -- even though the two sides have been governed separately for over seven decades and the Chinese Communist Party has never controlled the democratic island of around 24 million people.

Despite such pressures, Taiwan has continued to maintain relations with a number of key Western partners, especially the United States, which provides Taiwan with defensive weapons and has sent top officials to visit the island.

In a statement Saturday, the US State Department said US and Taiwanese officials had met for a "discussion focused on supporting Taiwan's ability to participate meaningfully at the UN."

"US participants reiterated the US commitment to Taiwan's meaningful participation at the World Health Organization and UN framework convention on climate change and discussed ways to highlight Taiwan's ability to contribute to efforts on a wide range of issues," it added.

Unsurprisingly, the statement was met with indignation in China, which considers such suggestions a dangerous signal to advocates of Taiwan's formal independence.

China Military Aircraft Buzz Taiwan Air Defenses 10 Days in a Row

  China Military Aircraft Buzz Taiwan Air Defenses 10 Days in a Row Regular military operations returned to the skies southwest of Taiwan following a brief period of quiet in which China sent just four flights in 11 days.Global attention on Taiwan's air defense identification zone has faded since China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) flew 149 sorties into the southwest corner of the ADIZ in the first four days of the month, including a single-day record 56 flights on October 4.

Chinese state media quickly blasted the Biden administration as "the most incapable and degenerate in the country's history," adding that Taiwan had "fabricated history and betrayed morality." The push for Taiwan's participation in the UN was a "cheap shot" and "shameless manipulation," it said.

Though only sovereign states can be full UN members, Taipei has accused Beijing of "intentionally misinterpreting" the 1971 resolution to keep Taiwan out, suggesting that Taipei no longer contests the UN China seat. Many on the island simply want to participate separately under the name Taiwan.

The 1971 resolution "merely decided upon the question of credentials -- that is, the question of who represents the UN member state China, without implying a position on the scope of its territory, let alone endorsing the PRC's claim of sovereignty over Taiwan," said Liang-yu Wang, Deputy Representative of the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in the US, the island's de facto embassy, on Thursday.

"But all the years, China has made the leap from a matter of accreditation, to a political statement, even a legal claim," she added. "Therefore, nowadays the resolution is often wrongly cited to exclude Taiwan's participation in the meetings and activities in the UN system."

Even "superficial participation" has been blocked -- and meaningful participation will be even harder, said Chinese law expert Lewis. In the eyes of Beijing, even the most marginal inclusion for Taiwan into the UN could undermine its claim of sovereignty -- a bottom line it has vowed to defend at all cost.

American Troops in Taiwan Training Forces, President Tsai Ing-wen Confirms .
In her first interview with international media in nearly two years, the Taiwanese leader said she had "faith" in an American response if China were to attack.In a CNN interview that aired on Wednesday evening Eastern Time, Tsai Ing-wen said the troops—previously reported as special forces instructors—were part of Taiwan's various military exchanges with the U.S.

usr: 9
This is interesting!