•   
  •   
  •   

World Islamic State violence dents Taliban claims of safer Afghanistan

03:55  09 november  2021
03:55  09 november  2021 Source:   reuters.com

Exclusive: Russia Lays Out Path to Stabilize Afghanistan, Avoid Another 9/11

  Exclusive: Russia Lays Out Path to Stabilize Afghanistan, Avoid Another 9/11 Senior Foreign Policy Writer Tom O'Connor conducted an exclusive interview in Moscow on Tuesday with Russian special representative for Afghanistan Zamir Kabulov.Q: In the broader terms of Russia's approach to Afghanistan, what are its best hopes for the country right now and its greatest concerns as it relates to the current situation?

By James Mackenzie

FILE PHOTO: Member of Taliban security forces stands guard among crowds of people in a street in Kabul © Reuters/STRINGER FILE PHOTO: Member of Taliban security forces stands guard among crowds of people in a street in Kabul

ISLAMABAD (Reuters) - Last month, the family of Mawlavi Ezzatullah, a member of Afghanistan's Hizb-e Islami party, received a WhatsApp message from his phone: "We have slaughtered your Mawlavi Ezzat, come and collect his body."

Ezzatullah's killing, in the eastern province of Nangarhar, was one of a steady stream of assassinations and bombings that have undermined Taliban claims that they have brought greater security to Afghanistan after 40 years of war.

Victims have ranged from former security officials from the ousted government to journalists, civil society activists, mullahs, Taliban fighters and apparently random targets like Ezzatullah, whose family said he had no enemies they knew of.

Blast rocks Kabul after Afghan army urges civilians to leave Taliban-controlled areas of major city

  Blast rocks Kabul after Afghan army urges civilians to leave Taliban-controlled areas of major city A car bomb exploded near the home of Afghanistan's acting defense minister in Kabul on Tuesday evening, just hours after the Afghan army urged residents in another city to evacuate ahead of an operation against the Taliban. © HOSHANG HASHIMI/AFP/AFP via Getty Images Afghan security personnel and Afghan militia fighting against Taliban, stand guard in Enjil district of Herat province on July 30, 2021.

The Taliban have said their victory has brought stability to Afghanistan, where thousands of people were killed in fighting between the group and Western-backed forces between 2001 and 2021 before the hardline Islamists emerged victorious.

FILE PHOTO: Explosions at a military hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan © Reuters/Ali Khara FILE PHOTO: Explosions at a military hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan

But on just one day last week, pictures from Jalalabad - the provincial capital of Nangarhar - appeared online showing two bodies swinging from a rope. Residents also reported a mullah's murder and video footage was circulated of a group of gunmen firing into a car, apparently killing its occupants, one of whom was identified by local journalists as a Taliban official.

FILE PHOTO: Taliban members in charge of security, patrol in Kabul © Reuters/JORGE SILVA FILE PHOTO: Taliban members in charge of security, patrol in Kabul

Reuters was unable to verify the images and footage independently.

Afghan Girls Fear Future, Give Up on Career Dreams After Taliban Takeover

  Afghan Girls Fear Future, Give Up on Career Dreams After Taliban Takeover According to UNICEF Deputy Executive Director Omar Abdi, girls can attend secondary school in only five of Afghanistan's provinces.While the Taliban was previously in power from 1996 to 2001, it severely restricted women, confining them to their homes, keeping them from receiving education or working. Now, the Taliban has promised more rights and freedoms for women, but many are fearful of the laws that may be put in place.

On Sunday, according to locals, three bodies were brought into a hospital in Jalalabad after a roadside bomb explosion that apparently targeted Taliban fighters in a pickup truck.

Later that day, gunmen shot a former Afghan army soldier in front of his house, killing him and two friends standing nearby.

The Taliban have downplayed such incidents, saying that after decades of war, it will take time for the country to be completely pacified.

"There are 34 provinces in the country and in a week, 20 cases will be prevented for every one that takes place," said spokesman Bilal Karimi. "We have had 20 years of revolution and invasion and the level of these incidents will go down."

Some former soldiers and intelligence officers from the ousted government blame members of the Taliban for targeting them since taking over. The group has promised there would be no reprisals, but accepts rogue fighters may have acted alone.

Afghan woman, daughter escape Kabul: Her plea to help family stuck behind

  Afghan woman, daughter escape Kabul: Her plea to help family stuck behind Sarina and her two-year-old daughter made a harrowing escape from Afghanistan in late August, but she’s pleading for help to save her at-risk family that's still behind. She said she came to terms with dying during her first attempt to get inside Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul on Aug. 19, surrounded by shouting, gunshots and beatings in a sea of thousands of people desperate to flee -- but she said she told herself if she could just get her two-year-old daughter out of the Taliban's Afghanistan, it would be OK.

Many targeted killings remain unclaimed and some may be the result of local vendettas.

But others look the result of increasingly open conflict between the Taliban and a local affiliate of Islamic State, a development which the new U.S. Special Representative for Afghanistan, Tom West, said on Monday was causing concern https://www.reuters.com/world/us-says-worried-about-increase-attacks-by-isis-k-afghanistan-2021-11-08 in Washington.

The militant jihadi group has claimed some of the deadliest attacks in Afghanistan in recent months in which hundreds of people have been killed, mainly in big cities.

"They are trying to undermine and discredit the Taliban Emirate. The Emirate promised security and they're trying to show they can't deliver it," said Antonio Giustozzi, a specialist in jihadi groups from the Royal United Services Institute in London.

He said Islamic State, which he estimated to have around 4,000 fighters, had been carrying out a campaign of targeted killings since around the summer of 2020 and had continued since the Taliban victory in August on a "roughly comparable scale".

Leon Panetta on top security threats to U.S.

  Leon Panetta on top security threats to U.S. Host Michael Morell discusses the way forward in Afghanistan and threats posed by Russia with Panetta and his former chief of staff, Jeremy Bash.Download, rate and subscribe here: iTunes, Spotify and Stitcher.

'BIDEN HIRELINGS'

For many going about their business, the violence feels particularly menacing.

"I have never been as terrified as I am now," said a university professor in Nangarhar who has also worked as a journalist and who spoke on condition of anonymity for fear of being targeted. He described events in Nangarhar as "total chaos."

The violence has fuelled fears that Afghanistan could collapse into anarchy and even return to a new phase of civil war, creating a haven for militant groups to launch attacks in neighbouring countries and the West.

"This is the scenario that has everyone worried," said one Western official with long experience of the region.

Islamic State, which first appeared in Afghanistan in late 2014 and adopted the title Islamic State Khorasan after an ancient name for the region, has been trying to recover from a bruising series of defeats in 2018 and 2019.

The group has claimed a series of strikes against Shi'ite mosques and other targets since the Taliban's victory in August, most recently on the main military hospital in Kabul which killed at least 25 people.

Less commonly reported are frequent, smaller atrocities which have been taking place not only in Nangarhar, long a stronghold of Islamic State.

Areas affected include Ghazni in central Afghanistan, Herat in the west, Balkh in the north, and Paktia, Paktika and Khost in the southeast.

"The Taliban militia are lost in panic, they do not know how to conceal their shame," an Islamic State video posted on the group's Telegram channel on Sunday said, accusing the Taliban of being "Biden hirelings".

As an insurgency the Taliban proved an effective and cohesive fighting force. Keeping the peace in a country in crisis presents fresh challenges, including uniting different factions, values and norms within the movement.

Giustozzi, who wrote a book on Islamic State in Afghanistan, said the group, which had retreated into remote strongholds in the east and northeast of the country, was trying to hit the Taliban while the group is still grappling with the transition from insurgency to government.

"They know that if they allow the Taliban Emirate to consolidate, next spring the Taliban will move to destroy them," he said.

(Additional reporting by Islamabad newsroom; Editing by Mike Collett-White)

Taliban Says U.S. Sanctions, Frozen Assets Harming Afghans Amid Worsening Poverty .
"American sanctions have not only played havoc with trade and business, but also with humanitarian assistance," Foreign Minister Amir Khan Muttaqi wrote.Foreign Minister Amir Khan Muttaqi said the frozen assets are hurting the public, from the health sector to education and other services, in a statement posted online. His comments were posted a day after the World Food Program (WFP) said that millions of people in Afghanistan are facing poverty. It also warns that Afghanistan is becoming the world's biggest humanitarian crisis, according to Business Insider.

usr: 1
This is interesting!