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World Iraqis lured to Belarus on a false promise die trying to reach Poland

20:20  18 november  2021
20:20  18 november  2021 Source:   cbsnews.com

Migrants camp overnight at Polish border after tense day

  Migrants camp overnight at Polish border after tense day WARSAW, Poland (AP) — Polish police posted video early Tuesday showing a group of migrants who had camped overnight just on the far side of Poland's eastern border in Belarus. Polish riot police and coils of razor wire faced the migrants and police said the situation overnight was calm. That followed a day of heavy tensions on the border, where a large group of migrants — hundreds if not thousands of people mostly from the Middle East and encouraged by Belarus — sought to push their way into Poland. © Provided by Associated Press Migrants from the Middle East and elsewhere gather at the Belarus-Poland border near Grodno, Belarus, Monday, Nov. 8, 2021.

Irbil, Iraq — About 420 Iraqis left Belarus on Thursday to return to the country they thought they had left behind in hope of a brighter future in Europe. The repatriation flight was part of Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko's efforts to ease soaring tension with his European Union neighbors.

iraqi-airways-belarus-repatriation.jpg © Handout/Iraqi Airways iraqi-airways-belarus-repatriation.jpg

Poland and the EU, along with the U.S. and its G7 allies, accuse Lukashenko, an ally of Russian President Putin, of manufacturing an immigration crisis by luring thousands of migrants and refugees to his country on the false promise of easy passage onto EU soil.

EXPLAINER: What's behind the crisis at Belarus-Poland border

  EXPLAINER: What's behind the crisis at Belarus-Poland border Thousands of migrants have flocked to Belarus' border with Poland, hoping to get to Western Europe, and many of them are now stranded at the frontier, setting up makeshift camps as Polish security forces watch them from behind a razor-wire fence and prevent them from entering the country. A look at what led to the standoff: WHAT IS BEHIND THE CRISIS? Belarus was rocked by months of massive protests following the August 2020 election that gave authoritarian President Alexander Lukashenko a sixth term in office. The opposition and the West rejected the result as a sham.

A photo provided by Iraqi Airways shows Iraqi nationals boarding a chartered flight in Minsk, Belarus, for a repatriation flight to Iraq on November 18, 2021. / Credit: Handout/Iraqi Airways © Provided by CBS News A photo provided by Iraqi Airways shows Iraqi nationals boarding a chartered flight in Minsk, Belarus, for a repatriation flight to Iraq on November 18, 2021. / Credit: Handout/Iraqi Airways

Thousands of desperate people, many from Iraq and Syria, spent huge sums of money on plane tickets and to pay traffickers for what they expected to be a smooth journey into Poland and Western Europe.

Many of the Iraqis who made the trip to Belarus were from the Kurdish region of northern Iraq. Two Iraqi Kurds are among those known to have died over the past two weeks trying to make the perilous trek through frozen woodland from Belarus into Poland.

Poland-Belarus border crisis intensifies 03:08 © Provided by CBS News Poland-Belarus border crisis intensifies 03:08

S.O., a 23-year-old Iraqi Kurd who didn't want his name used, told CBS News over the phone that he'd already spent more than three weeks in the makeshift camp known as "the Jungle" on the Belarusian side of the barbed wire border fence. So far, his several attempts to sneak across the frontier into Poland have failed.

Poland Closes Border Checkpoint as Tensions With Belarus Escalate Over Migration Policies

  Poland Closes Border Checkpoint as Tensions With Belarus Escalate Over Migration Policies Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko has encouraged migrants to illegally enter bordering European Union nations. For months, thousands of migrants have attempted to illegally enter Poland, many getting stuck in a swampy forested area and pushed back and forth by Polish and Belarusian forces.According to Major Katarzyna Zdanowicz from the region's border guards, about 3,000-4,000 migrants were along the border, including 800 in the vicinity of a large makeshift camp.U.N.

He said Belarusian authorities had helped him get to the Polish border. At one point, he said, Belarusian Army troops even helped him explore different spots along the fence that might be easier to break through.

Belarus and Russia have denied using immigration as a "hybrid" tactic in the showdown with the EU, but with pressure mounting, Lukashenko's regime began moving hundreds of migrants from the camps to shelters set up in warehouses further inside the country on Thursday.

Irregular migrants are seen at a camp in Belarus near a fence along the Polish-Belarusian border, during cold weather on November 18, 2021 in Grodno, Belarus. / Credit: Sefa Karacan/Anadolu Agency/Getty © Provided by CBS News Irregular migrants are seen at a camp in Belarus near a fence along the Polish-Belarusian border, during cold weather on November 18, 2021 in Grodno, Belarus. / Credit: Sefa Karacan/Anadolu Agency/Getty

Belarus and Russia have accused Europe of causing the crisis by indicating an openness to refugees. Poland has made it clear from the beginning, however, that it would not allow any irregular migration across its border.

Poland: Migrant camps along Belarus border have emptied

  Poland: Migrant camps along Belarus border have emptied WARSAW, Poland (AP) — Polish authorities said Friday there are no more migrants camping along the Belarus side of the European Union’s eastern border, but attempts at illegally crossing into the bloc’s territory are continuing and becoming more aggressive. Around 50 migrants got through a fence into Poland on Thursday, Anna Michalska, a spokeswoman for Poland’s Border Guard said. They included a family of five who said they wanted to stay and live in Poland, opening a procedure toward settlement. The others will have to return to Belarus, Michalska said. Two other large groups of migrants were prevented from entering.

Other Iraqis that spoke to CBS News from Belarus corroborated S.O.'s claims, however.

Ismail Diler sold his house in northern Iraq for $40,000 to finance his children's trip to Western Europe. His 29-year-old daughter, her husband and their young child, and Diler's three sons aged 25, 18 and 17, were all among those who flew to Belarus.

Diler told CBS News he was shocked to learn that his son Gaylan, the 25-year-old, who suffered with epilepsy, had died trying to cross from Belarus into Poland. Gaylan's body was flown back from Belarus to Irbil, in northern Iraq, earlier this week.

Men carry the repatriated body of Iraqi Kurdish migrant Gaylan Diler, who died while trying to illegally cross into Poland from Belarus, in a mosque during his funeral in Irbil, the capital of Iraq's northern autonomous Kurdish region, November 15, 2021. / Credit: SAFIN HAMED/AFP/Getty © Provided by CBS News Men carry the repatriated body of Iraqi Kurdish migrant Gaylan Diler, who died while trying to illegally cross into Poland from Belarus, in a mosque during his funeral in Irbil, the capital of Iraq's northern autonomous Kurdish region, November 15, 2021. / Credit: SAFIN HAMED/AFP/Getty

The father said he never suspected that he was sending his children to embark on a dangerous trip. The smugglers he paid promised they were taking an "easy and safe journey" to the EU.

Diler said the rest of his family were now trying to get onto the next repatriation flight to Iraq.

More than half of the Iraqi migrants who've spent weeks along the frigid Polish-Belarusian border are believed to be from Iraqi Kurdistan, so the regional administration, which operates with semi-autonomy from Baghdad, has made extra efforts to help repatriate people.

Rebwar Babkayi, head of the Kurdistan Diaspora Committee in the region's parliament, told CBS News that 420 Iraqi migrants would be on the first flight from Minsk on Thursday, and another 420 were already registered for repatriation.

He said the Kurdish administration expected the number of migrants who come forward for voluntarily repatriation to rise, and that everything possible was being done "to guarantee the safe return."

Central European nations back Poland in migration dispute .
BUDAPEST, Hungary (AP) — The leaders of three Central European countries on Tuesday expressed their solidarity with Poland in an ongoing migration crisis on its eastern border with Belarus, and urged the European Union to increase its support for the protection of the bloc's external borders. At a news briefing in Hungary's capital of Budapest following talks between the prime ministers of Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said the situation on his country's eastern border went beyond migration.

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