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World US, Europe warn Sudan's military as democratic transition unravels

23:07  05 january  2022
23:07  05 january  2022 Source:   abcnews.go.com

Sudan has on gold to restore its economy

 Sudan has on gold to restore its economy Sudan has become in recent years Africa's third largest gold producer. A very craft that still eludes the industry giants who would live nearly two million people. © Provided by USAinformations tragic death December 26, 31 miners buried in the collapse of the mine where they worked, recalls the importance of gold production in Sudan, the third African producer after South Africa and Ghana.

The United States , Norway, Britain and the EU warned Sudan ' s military on Tuesday that they would not support a new prime minister unless a broad range of civilians are involved, threatening to withhold economic aid. Sudan ’ s leaders must now show they are listening," the statement said. In his resignation speech, Hamdok said he had tried and failed to bring disparate forces together to agree on a path forward for the transition that began with the toppling of Omar al-Bashir in April 2019.

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States , Norway, Britain and the EU warned Sudan ' s military on Tuesday that they would not support a new prime minister unless a broad range of civilians are involved, threatening to withhold economic aid. A credible government and parliament were necessary for the renewal of economic Sudan ’ s leaders must now show they are listening," the statement said. In his resignation speech, Hamdok said he had tried and failed to bring disparate forces together to agree on a path forward for the transition that began with the toppling of Omar al-Bashir in April 2019.

With Sudan's fragile transition to democracy derailed, the United States and Europe have issued a stark warning to the Sudanese military against appointing a new government "without the involvement of a broad range of civilian stakeholders."

"Unilateral action to appoint a new Prime Minister and Cabinet would undermine those institutions' credibility and risks plunging the nation into conflict," Norway, the United Kingdom, the U.S. and the European Union said in a joint statement Tuesday. "In the absence of progress, we would look to accelerate efforts to hold those actors impeding the democratic process accountable."

In Guinea, civil society organizations propose a transition of 24 months

 In Guinea, civil society organizations propose a transition of 24 months from the 5.521, this West African country is led by Colonel Mamady Doumbouya. © Provided by FranceInfo Nearly four months after the coup that overthrew President Alpha Condé , a coalition of civil society organizations pronounced for a longer transition to better prepare for the next elections . for "a successful transition" twenty-four months instead of six. We are far from the time required by West African leaders for a return to civil power in Guinea-Conakry .

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States , Norway, Britain and the EU warned Sudan ' s military on Tuesday that they would not support a new prime minister unless a broad range of civilians are involved, threatening to withhold economic aid. A credible government and parliament were necessary for the renewal of economic Sudan ’ s leaders must now show they are listening," the statement said. In his resignation speech, Hamdok said he had tried and failed to bring disparate forces together to agree on a path forward for the transition that began with the toppling of Omar al-Bashir in April 2019.

The United States , Norway, Britain and the EU warned Sudan ’ s military on Tuesday (4 January) that they would not support a new prime minister unless a broad range of civilians are involved, threatening to withhold economic aid. A credible government and parliament were necessary for the renewal of economic assistance, a statement by the so-called Troika countries and the “ Sudan ’ s people have spoken as loudly and clearly as they did in 2019. They reject authoritarian rule and want the transition toward democracy to continue. Sudan ’ s leaders must now show they are listening,” the statement said.

Sudan has been seen as a powerful example of democratic hope after a 2019 revolution forced the military's overthrow of the Islamist regime of Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, an alleged war criminal and former military officer who seized power of the North African nation in 1989. The popular uprising was marked by iconic images of protesters, especially women, going viral on social media and garnering support from celebrities around the world. After al-Bashir was ousted, Sudanese military and civilian leaders came together to form a transitional government and agreed on a 39-month process to return to democratic, civilian rule.

That progress came to a grinding halt on Oct. 25, 2021, when the military took power, dissolved the transitional government and expelled the civilian members. Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, who was appointed by the transitional government in 2019, was placed under house arrest along with a number of other senior politicians. Mass protests as well as pressure from the international community, including the U.S. government withholding $700 million in economic aid, ushered in a deal that reinstated Hamdok as prime minister on Nov. 21, 2021.

Sudanese Prime Minister Hamdok kicks back

 Sudanese Prime Minister Hamdok kicks back Khartoum. In Sudan, the political crisis goes further. The Civil Prime Minister of the Transitional Government, Abdullah Hamdok, announced his resignation. © Christophe Ena In the crisis of Sudan, Prime Minister Hamdok has surprisingly resigned (archive image). This was announced by the state news agency SUNA in the night of Monday reported. Hamdok explained that he did not succeed in bringing together the different political groups and developing a joint vision for a transitional government.

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States , Norway, Britain and the EU warned Sudan ' s military on Tuesday that they would not support a new prime minister unless a broad range of civilians are involved, threatening to withhold economic aid. They reject authoritarian rule and want the transition toward democracy to continue. Sudan ’ s leaders must now show they are listening," the statement said. In his resignation speech, Hamdok said he had tried and failed to bring disparate forces together to agree on a path forward for the transition that began with the toppling of Omar al-Bashir in April 2019.

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States , Norway, Britain and the EU warned Sudan ' s military on Tuesday that they would not support a new prime minister unless a broad range of civilians are involved, threatening to withhold economic aid. They reject authoritarian rule and want the transition toward democracy to continue. Sudan ’ s leaders must now show they are listening," the statement said. In his resignation speech, Hamdok said he had tried and failed to bring disparate forces together to agree on a path forward for the transition that began with the toppling of Omar al-Bashir in April 2019.

Sudanese demonstrators burn tires during a protest demanding civilian rule in the © AFP via Getty Images Sudanese demonstrators burn tires during a protest demanding civilian rule in the "Street 40" in Omdurman, Sudan, Jan. 4, 2022.

But Hamdok resigned on Sunday, after the military refused to loosen its grip on power.

"I tried as much as I could to avoid our country slipping into a catastrophe, and now our country is going through a dangerous turning point that may threaten its entire survival if it is not remedied soon," Hamdok said in a televised national address. "The major crisis today in the homeland is primarily a political crisis, but it is gradually changing to include all aspects of economic and social life and is on its way to becoming a comprehensive crisis."

"The key word towards a solution to this dilemma that has persisted for more than six decades in the history of the country is to rely on dialogue at a round table in which all groups of Sudanese society and the state are represented to agree on a national charter and to draw a roadmap to complete the civil democratic transformation," he added.

Sudan: the resignation of Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok ends a political hypocrisy

 Sudan: the resignation of Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok ends a political hypocrisy dismissed and returned to power by the military, Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok throws the sponge, making the airmail from the army to Khartoum who did not No need for screen. © Provided by FranceInfo Received from its functions on October 25 by General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, put in saddle a month later by the same general, Abdallah Hamdok rose from the rank of hope to that of traitor. This Sunday, January 2, while Hamdok was going to announce his resignation, the people were again in Street.

The US and Europe warned Sudan ’ s military on Tuesday against any attempts to appoint a new prime minister and cabinet without involving “civilian stakeholders.” “The Troika and the European Union will not support a Prime Minister or government appointed without the involvement of a broad “In the absence of progress, we would look to accelerate efforts to hold those actors impeding the democratic process accountable,” they added, in a sign of potential sanctions. Later Wednesday, US State Department Spokesman Ned Price said there was a need for Sudan to remain in a civilian-led

The United States , the United Kingdom, Norway and the European Union on Tuesday called for Sudanese leaders to "recommit" to the country' s democratic transition or risk international action against the ruling military . The joint statement came following the resignation on Monday of Sudanese Prime Minister "In the absence of progress, we would look to accelerate efforts to hold those actors impeding the democratic process accountable," the statement continued. The U . S . and its allies further condemned the military as responsible for human rights violations against the Sudanese people, as

MORE: US 'deeply alarmed' at reports of military takeover in Sudan, calls for PM's release

Thousands of pro-democracy protesters have taken to the streets of the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, and other cities across the country to denounce the military takeover and demand civilian rule. Sudanese security forces have used violent means to disperse protesters, killing at least 57 of them and injuring hundreds of others since October, according to the Sudan Doctors Committee, which is part of the pro-democracy movement.

Meanwhile, the United Nations has expressed grave concern about reports of sexual violence and sexual harassment against women and girls by Sudanese security forces during protests in December.

Abdallah Hamdok speaks after being sworn in as Sudan's interim prime minister in Khartoum, Aug. 21, 2019. © Ebrahim Hamid/AFP via Getty Images, FILE Abdallah Hamdok speaks after being sworn in as Sudan's interim prime minister in Khartoum, Aug. 21, 2019.

The U.S. government has repeatedly called for accountability in the wake of the reported atrocities but has yet to penalize the Sudanese military. When asked why the Sudanese military hasn't been sanctioned, U.S. Department of State spokesperson Ned Price told reporters Tuesday: "We don't preview sanctions designations, but we are exploring all available options to support Sudan's transition."

Sudan: thousands of protesters mobilized against military power

 Sudan: thousands of protesters mobilized against military power © AFP (illustration) A Sudanese flag is brandished during a demonstration calling for a civilian government in Omdurman, on January 4, 2022. Despite a massive deployment of forces of Security, thousands of Sudanese protesters are gathered Thursday in the capital Khartoum, but also in several cities of the country, protest against military power and claim civil power.

However, some analysts argued that now is the time for action, not more warnings and threats.

Cameron Hudson, a senior fellow with the Atlantic Council's Africa Center, a think-tank in Washington, D.C., said the U.S. government "must move beyond tired bromides claiming to 'stand with the people of Sudan' and unabashedly throw its weight behind the country's pro-democracy movement in tangible and meaningful ways that will begin to swing the balance of power more in the protesters' favor."

"Sudan's formal transition to democracy is over, even though its revolution lives on in the hearts of millions of peaceful pro-democracy protesters," Hudson wrote Monday in a post for the Atlantic Council's blog. "Washington and its international partners have now lost the final pretense of what allowed them -- for too long -- to frame their engagement in terms of supporting a 'civilian-led transitional government.'"

"With no political agreement or civilian leader left to undermine, Washington and its allies should now pursue a more hardline approach toward the military that holds it accountable for the October coup and the deadly response to peaceful protests since then," he added before noting "that should mean sanctions."

MORE: Secretary of State Antony Blinken making 1st trip to Africa amid growing crises in Ethiopia, Sudan

It remains unclear whether freezing the assets of Sudanese military leaders would have any impact, especially since allies like Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates continue to back them and Sudan previously found a way to manage under nearly 20 years of U.S. sanctions.

Sudan security forces fire tear gas as thousands protest coup

  Sudan security forces fire tear gas as thousands protest coup Security forces fired tear gas Sunday as thousands rallied in Sudan's capital Khartoum and a neighbouring city, witnesses said, keeping up pressure on the military following a coup 11 weeks ago. The coup, led by army chief General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan on October 25, derailed a power-sharing transition between the military and civilians that had been painstakingly established in the wake of longtime autocrat Omar-al-Bashir's ouster in 2019.The coup, led by army chief General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan on October 25, derailed a power-sharing transition between the military and civilians that had been painstakingly established in the wake of longtime autocrat Omar-al-Bashir's ouster in 2019.

Some analysts argued that regional allies have little to gain from an unstable Sudan. Camille Lons, a Bahrain-based research associate for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, a think-tank in London, said the "spill-over effects -- such as economic repercussions, refugee flows, terrorism threats and arms smuggling -- are perceived as highly problematic."

"Both Saudi Arabia and the UAE, as well as Egypt, continue to favour the military in Sudan. But that does not mean that they view the coup positively," Lons wrote in an analysis posted on Nov. 16. "Several Gulf and Egyptian diplomats and officials have privately expressed their surprise and concern over what they see as a reckless move."

"But as the US shows growing signs of disengagement in the region," she added, "Arab Gulf countries will increasingly have to take care of their own regional security and stability, albeit with more pragmatism."

People chant slogans during a protest to denounce the October 2021 military coup, in Khartoum, Sudan, Jan. 4, 2022. © Marwan Ali/AP People chant slogans during a protest to denounce the October 2021 military coup, in Khartoum, Sudan, Jan. 4, 2022.

In the absence of assertive pressure from the international community, the situation in Sudan is becoming dark and uncertain. In the war-torn Darfur region, where a genocide sparked global outrage, escalating violence has displaced thousands of people since November. There have also been "alarming reports" of villages being destroyed, sexual violence and livestock rustling, according to the United Nations.

Moreover, Sudan under al-Bashir had concerning ties to terrorism that include giving safe haven to al-Qaida founder Osama bin Laden and being implicated in the 1998 bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, for which al-Qaida claimed responsibility. But Hudson said the Sudanese military "appears intent" to keep the country off the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism. After being added in 1993 over its links to al-Qaida, Sudan was officially removed from the list in 2020.

U.N. starts talks in Sudan to resolve post-coup crisis

  U.N. starts talks in Sudan to resolve post-coup crisis U.N. starts talks in Sudan to resolve post-coup crisisKHARTOUM (Reuters) - The United Nations said it was starting consultations in Sudan on Monday to try to salvage the country's move to democracy after a military coup.

"The military, for all its faults and abuses, has been a reasonably reliable ally in the fight against terrorism and has its own reasons to be concerned by jihadists taking up residence in Sudan," Hudson told ABC News on Wednesday.

But diplomatic efforts by the U.S. and others to pressure Sudanese military leadership may be complicated by the departure of a senior U.S. diplomat.

Reuters, citing sources, reported Wednesday that the U.S. special envoy for the Horn of Africa, Jeffrey Feltman, is leaving his post at the end of the month amid the growing chaos in Sudan and neighboring Ethiopia, and that he will be replaced by David Satterfield, the outgoing U.S. ambassador to Turkey. The U.S. Department of State declined ABC News' request for comment.

Hudson told ABC News that Feltman's departure would not be "particularly surprising, as he was only there as a stopgap to help the administration respond early on to the unfolding crises in Ethiopia and Sudan."

"Most critical now is that the U.S. maintain a strong and consistent level of diplomatic engagement in the region at this critical moment," he added, noting that an announcement of a replacement for Feltman would suggest that "this will be the case and should be welcomed."

Manifestations in Sudan: At least two dead, including a police general .
© AFP - - Sudanese protesters in the streets of Khartoum this Thursday, January 13, 2022. A new day of events against the military regime Started by new violent clashes, Thursday, January 13, 2022 in Sudan. Thousands of people have come down in the streets of Khartoum to ask for the departure of the military and the return of a civilian government. There would have been several dead, including a general police.

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