World Belarus calls referendum that could strengthen Lukashenko

00:18  21 january  2022
00:18  21 january  2022 Source:   msn.com

Belarus: The Private Power Two International Competition Skiers

 Belarus: The Private Power Two International Competition Skiers © Via Reuters - Sergei Dolidovich Darya Dolidovich and Sviatlana Andryiuk background skiers during a training in Kirovo-Chepetsk, Russia. Belarusian power maintains pressure on society and continues its large household against any discordant voice. Several athletes have already been targeted by retaliation for their support, actual or presumed, the protest movement. This time, they are two young background skiers, who find themselves banned international competitions.

A seven-question referendum was held in Belarus on 24 November 1996. Four questions were put forward by President Alexander Lukashenko on changing the date of the country's independence day, amending the constitution, changing laws on the sale of land and the abolition of the death penalty.

President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko signed the decree "On calling national referendum ". Taking into consideration the requirements set forth by the Electoral Code, the decisions endorsed by the national referendum shall have a binding legal force. The decision shall take effect within 10 days after its official publication. The decision made at the referendum shall make an integral part of the Constitution.

KYIV, Ukraine (AP) — Belarus' authoritarian president has called a referendum next month on constitutional amendments, which could allow him to further cement his grip on power after months of mass protests and remain in office until 2035.

President Alexander Lukashenko, who has been in power since 1994, on Thursday ordered the referendum to be held Feb. 27.

The amendments bring back limits on presidential terms that had been abolished during Lukashenko’s tenure, allowing a president only two five-year terms in office. However, the restriction will only take effect once a “newly elected president” assumes office, which gives Lukashenko an opportunity to run for two more terms after his current one expires in 2025.

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The referendum on the new Constitution might be held concurrently with local elections, Belarus President Aleksandr Lukashenko said at the 6th Belarusian People's Congress on 12 February. This will require amending a whole array of laws and legislative acts. I am convinced that we will draft a new Constitution by the end of this year and adopt this fundamental document in a referendum within the next 11-12 months, possibly combining the referendum with local elections. I think it is a good idea, it will help save some resources,” the president said.

Lukashenko continued state ownership of key industries in Belarus after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and retained important Soviet-era symbolism, which can be seen in the coat of arms and national flag of Belarus , adopted following a controversial 1995 referendum , which were based on the symbols of the Byelorussian SSR. The Russian language was also given the same status as Belarusian , and economic ties with Russia were strengthened , which furthermore led to the creation of the Union State with Russia, which allows Belarusians to freely travel to, work, and study in Russia, and vice versa.

The amendments also confer substantial new power on the All-Belarus People's Assembly, a body that nominally represents a wide array of Belarusian society but that in the past has consisted largely of government officials and supporters. The draft constitution revisions say a law on how to choose assembly delegates would be developed later.

It would operate in parallel with the parliament. The president automatically becomes a member of the assembly and can be elected by the other delegates as its chairman.

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Belarus was rocked by months of unprecedented mass protests after Lukashenko was awarded a sixth consecutive term in office in the August 2020 presidential vote, which the opposition and the West denounced as a sham. He responded to the demonstrations with a brutal crackdown that saw more than 35,000 people arrested, thousands beaten by police and many forced to seek refuge abroad.

Kiev: Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock secures Ukraine in conflict with Russia Support to

 Kiev: Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock secures Ukraine in conflict with Russia Support to in the midst of the conflict between Russia and NATO Foreign Minister Baerbock traveled to Kiev. At the press conference she secured Diplomatic support to Ukraine. © Janine Schmitz / photothek.de / Imago Images / Photothek When visiting Ukraine , Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock has struck a sharp tone towards the Russian government. Any aggression from Russia has "a high price," Baerbock said in Kiev , "economically, politically and strategically".

Alexander Lukashenko , who has ruled for 26 years, claimed he had won a landslide victory in an election marred by accusations of vote-rigging. The election commission announced on Monday that Lukashenko took 80.23% of the votes while his main opposition challenger Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, who Tikhanovskaya’s campaign had stopped short of calling for street protests, urging supporters to contest the elections by legal means. Late Sunday evening, Tikhanovskaya issued a call to riot police to cease attacks on protestors and for an end to “provocations” by her own supporters. “I want to ask the

According to Aleksandr Lukashenko , Belarus is ready to promptly take any decisions necessary for development of co-operation. “You know our Belarusian -Russian policy and our attitude towards Russia. When taking decisions today, we will not go beyond the scopes which have been outlined jointly with the President of Russia. The Head of State noted that the guests are aware of what Belarusian specialists can produce. This includes automotive, construction, road-building, agricultural and municipal machinery. Aleksandr Lukashenko proposed, “Look at these factories.

The proposed constitutional changes were being drafted during the turmoil.

The assembly will be empowered to set policy directives, draft laws, suggest constitutional changes, elect members of the country’s Central Election Commission and judges of the country’s highest courts.

It can also green-light deploying Belarusian troops abroad if proposed by the president, and oust the president if the leader is found to be in violation of the constitution or to have committed high treason or another major crime.

The amendments also scrap clauses about Belarus’ “neutrality” and “non-nuclear status.” Lukashenko has offered to host Russia’s nuclear weapons if NATO moves U.S. atomic bombs from Germany to Eastern Europe, the latest in a series of steps aimed at cementing ties with Moscow.

Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, who ran against Lukashenko in 2020 and then fled into exile, told The Associated Press that opposition supporters will mark all options on the ballots in order to make them invalid. Amendments' approval requires 50% support and a 50% voter turnout.

crisis around Ukraine: The turnaround of Alexander Lukashenko .
Belarus has long supported Ukraine, but now it is firmly allied with Russia. This increases the worries in Kiev and Washington. © Shamil Zhumatov / AFP Russian President Vladimir Putin and the Belarusian head of state Alexander Lukashenko at a joint press conference in the Kremlin in the fall 2021. The turnaround of Alexander Lukashenko The warnings to the east are hardly countable, but this time Washington did not mean Moscow this time . It's Minsk.

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